Solved

subnetting question

Posted on 2010-09-20
6
357 Views
Last Modified: 2012-05-10
Given address 202.56.64.134/27, what is the network and broadcast address?

Solution
consider only the 4th octet, where the subnet mask (27bits) boundary occurs.
step1. how many host bits? number of host bits = 5

step2. what is the starting address for the address block containing given address?
possible starting addresses in the 4th octet are: 0, 32, 64, 96, 128, 160,....

Ans: network address: 202.56.64.128 (first address)
         broadcast address: 202.56.64.159 (last address)

on the question above I can understand step1 but  I'm kind of confused with step2 where it says "possible starting addresses in the 4th octet are:  0, 32, 64, 96, 128, 160,...."

Need help with understanding step2.
0
Comment
Question by:bt1942
6 Comments
 
LVL 3

Expert Comment

by:duggie264
ID: 33720930
on a /27 subnet you have 256/32 subnets. therefore you have 8 subnets. each of those has a network and broadcast address (first and last) with the bits in between being the host address's.
Therefore in the example above the starting address would be 202.56.64.128/27 (the network address) host addresses .129-.158 and the broadcast address of .159

Hope this helps

Duggie
0
 

Author Comment

by:bt1942
ID: 33721038
how did you get the number 128 at the end of the starting address?
0
 
LVL 8

Expert Comment

by:jimmyray7
ID: 33721172
Because  202.56.64.134 is between  202.56.64.129 and  202.56.64.158
0
Microsoft Certification Exam 74-409

Veeam® is happy to provide the Microsoft community with a study guide prepared by MVP and MCT, Orin Thomas. This guide will take you through each of the exam objectives, helping you to prepare for and pass the examination.

 
LVL 8

Expert Comment

by:jimmyray7
ID: 33721182
If the problem had used  202.56.64.12 instead, the last octet would be 0.  Hope that helps.
0
 
LVL 6

Expert Comment

by:kuoh
ID: 33721932
To be able to do it in your head, it really requires a solid understanding of binary, and a good memory doesn't hurt either.  However, the easy way to get the answers is just to use the calculator in Windows.  Switch to BIN mode, in the scientific or programmer view depending on version, enter the number of host bits (5), 00011111 in this case.  Then click on DEC and you have 31, so each block contains 32 addresses because 0 also counts.  That's where they come up with 0,32,64,96,etc..., but you want to know the beginning of the block for a random host.  This is also simple, just put the inverse 11100000 in, click DEC and you have 224, or you could also just take 255 - 31 = 224.  That's your mask to figure out the beginning of the block.  So enter the example value of 134, then click on AND, then enter the mask 224, click = and you get the answer 128.  Try 197 AND 224 and you get 192 as the start of the block.  The end of the block (broadcast) is just the start + block size, or 128 + 31 = 159.  Ok, so maybe it's not all that easy.
0
 
LVL 3

Accepted Solution

by:
bijal7612 earned 500 total points
ID: 33809325
u wil find the best practice on youtube for subnet.Please review that and will make u understand about subnetting and VLSM. Watch all 6 parts avaialble.
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=UXN5XrmsaV8 
0

Featured Post

PRTG Network Monitor: Intuitive Network Monitoring

Network Monitoring is essential to ensure that computer systems and network devices are running. Use PRTG to monitor LANs, servers, websites, applications and devices, bandwidth, virtual environments, remote systems, IoT, and many more. PRTG is easy to set up & use.

Question has a verified solution.

If you are experiencing a similar issue, please ask a related question

Many of us in IT utilize a combination of roaming profiles and folder redirection to ensure user information carries over from one workstation to another; in my environment, it was to enable virtualization without needing a separate desktop for each…
For months I had no idea how to 'discover' the IP address of the other end of a link (without asking someone who knows), and it drove me batty. Think about it. You can't use Cisco Discovery Protocol (CDP) because it's not implemented on the ASAs.…
Both in life and business – not all partnerships are created equal. As the demand for cloud services increases, so do the number of self-proclaimed cloud partners. Asking the right questions up front in the partnership, will enable both parties …
Both in life and business – not all partnerships are created equal. Spend 30 short minutes with us to learn:   • Key questions to ask when considering a partnership to accelerate your business into the cloud • Pitfalls and mistakes other partners…

813 members asked questions and received personalized solutions in the past 7 days.

Join the community of 500,000 technology professionals and ask your questions.

Join & Ask a Question

Need Help in Real-Time?

Connect with top rated Experts

8 Experts available now in Live!

Get 1:1 Help Now