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Twitter API with Coldfusion

Posted on 2010-11-11
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Last Modified: 2012-06-27
All I want to do is pull RSS feeds from many Twitter users of their tweets. I seem to now need to use the API to authenticate. I need a simple way to Authenticate then then pull down 50 or so tweets from 50 users. I just take the first tweet of each user.

I have this programed already but it did not use the API authentication. I have my API key.
I loop through this code in the past to pull down the tweets.

<cfhttp url="http://twitter.com/statuses/user_timeline/89762861.rss" method="get" />
 <cfset objRSS = xmlParse(cfhttp.filecontent)> 

Then a break down the XML

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Question by:RickEpnet
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Expert Comment

by:Proculopsis
ID: 34118827

Try simulating a login with cfhttp and then use cfhttpparam to recycle the Set-Cookie collection from the responseHeader, as authentication, back into future requests.

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CFCanada earned 500 total points
ID: 34119519
Are you sure you need to authenticate using the API just to consume RSS feeds?  I just had a go using your code and my own feed and it worked fine.

If you do need to authenticate, the Twitter API uses oAuth.  You'll need some kind of oAuth library to tap into this with ColdFusion like http://oauth.riaforge.org/ or a java library like http://twitter4j.org/en/index.html#introduction .
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Expert Comment

by:dagaz_de
ID: 34119606
With this set of functions you will get the x last post of an specific user

<!--- ! function: getstatus(tu,tp,user/id,section,page,since,limit) --->
<!---
get status
tu = twitter username
tp = twitter password
user = screen_name to return status for
id = userid to return status for
section = status/timeline/mentions
page = page number to return
since = results since this id
limit = limit return results
--->    
      <cffunction name="getstatus">
        <cfargument name="tu" type="string" required="yes">
        <cfargument name="tp" type="string" required="yes">
          <cfargument name="user" type="string" required="yes">
          <cfargument name="section" type="string" required="yes">
        <cfargument name="page" type="numeric" required="no">
        <cfargument name="since" type="numeric" required="no" />
        <cfargument name="limit" required="no" type="numeric">

            <cfparam name="usertype" default="screen_name">
            <cfset baseURL = "http://twitter.com/statuses/">

        <cfswitch expression="#arguments.section#">
              <cfcase value="status">
                        <cfif isnumeric("arguments.user")>
                        <cfset geturl = "user_timeline.json?user_id=#arguments.id#">
                        <cfelse>                
                        <cfset geturl = "user_timeline.json?screen_name=#arguments.user#">
                </cfif>
            </cfcase>
              <cfcase value="timeline">
                  <cfset geturl = "friends_timeline.json?temp=0">
            </cfcase>
            <cfcase value="mentions">
                  <cfset geturl = "mentions.json?temp=0">
            </cfcase>
            </cfswitch>
          <cfif isdefined("arguments.limit")>
                  <cfset geturl = geturl & "&count=#arguments.limit#">
            </cfif>

            <cfif isdefined("arguments.page")>
                  <cfset geturl = geturl & "&page=#arguments.page#">
            </cfif>

          <cfif isdefined("arguments.since")>
                  <cfset geturl = geturl & "&since=#arguments.since#">
            </cfif>
      
            <cfset geturl = baseurl & geturl>
        <cfhttp url="#geturl#" method="get" username="#arguments.tu#" password="#arguments.tp#" result="statusmsg" />

        <cfif statusmsg.statuscode eq "200 ok">
                  <cfset statusout = deserializejson(statusmsg.filecontent)>
            <cfelse>
                  <cfset statusout = arraynew(1)>
                  <cfset statusout[1] = "fail">
                  <cfset statusout[2] = statusmsg.statuscode>
            </cfif>
          <cfreturn statusout>
    </cffunction>

<cffunction name="parseTweet" access="public" output="false" returntype="string" hint="Parse Twitter Usernames, Hashtags and URLs in a tweet">
      <cfargument name="tweet" type="string" required="true" hint="The Tweet" />

      <cfset var LOCAL = structNew() />
      <cfset LOCAL.tweet = ARGUMENTS.tweet />

      <!--- Parse the URLs as Links to the resource --->
      <cfset LOCAL.tweet = REReplace(LOCAL.tweet,
                                          '([A-Za-z]+:\/\/[A-Za-z0-9-_]+\.[A-Za-z0-9-_:%&amp;\?\/.=]+)',
                                          '<a href="\1" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">\1</a>',
                                          'ALL')
                                          />
      <!--- Parse the Usernames as Links to Twitter --->
      <cfset LOCAL.tweet = REReplace(LOCAL.tweet,
                                          '[@]+([A-Za-z0-9-_]+)',
                                          '<a href="http://twitter.com/\1" title="Lookup user @\1 on Twitter" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">@\1</a>',
                                          'ALL')
                                          />
      <!--- Parse Hashtags as Links to Twitter�s Search --->
      <cfset LOCAL.tweet = REReplace(LOCAL.tweet,
                                          '[##]+([A-Za-z0-9-_]+)',
                                          '<a href="http://search.twitter.com/search?q=%23\1" title="Search for ##\1 hashtag on Twitter" target="_blank" rel="nofollow">##\1</a>',
                                          'ALL')
                                          />

      <cfreturn LOCAL.tweet />

</cffunction>


<!---getstatus(tu,tp,user/id,section,page,since,limit)--->
       <strong>last 10 Tweets:</strong><br />
       <br />

       <cfset statusresult = getstatus([youruser],[yourpass],'[theuserid]','status',0,0,'10')>
      <!---<cfdump var="#statusresult#">--->
      <cfloop array="#statusresult#" index="k">
      <cfoutput>
      <span class="Stil1"><small>#k.created_at#</small></span><br />
      #parseTweet(k.text)#<br /><br />
      </cfoutput>
      </cfloop>
      </cfif>
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Author Comment

by:RickEpnet
ID: 34120073
Thanks everyone I will try these and let you know in a few days.
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Expert Comment

by:_agx_
ID: 34122333
@dagaz_de - Nice. Is that your own code?
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Author Closing Comment

by:RickEpnet
ID: 34131156
You were correct. I took another look and it was an issue with my code and the way I was updating the database. I had put some code that would stop if a twitter account was not active but I should have just skipped it. Thank You.
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Expert Comment

by:Jones911
ID: 34133082
You get rate limited if you make to many requests though.
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Author Comment

by:RickEpnet
ID: 34133268
I only request 50 an hour so I am under their limit. You can see how it displays at http://www.pigkinu.com
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Expert Comment

by:Jones911
ID: 34133272
OK great.  Just FYI that page didnt load.
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by:RickEpnet
ID: 34133277
Sorry to see it it is http://www.pigskinu.com/ucla.html
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Expert Comment

by:Jones911
ID: 34133281
Works well.  Nice site.
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