Solved

delete from two tables based on FK

Posted on 2010-11-15
11
462 Views
Last Modified: 2012-05-10
I have two tables, tblOne (firstid (PK), secondid (FK)
tblTwo (secondid (PK), name, address)

I'm looking to create a DELETE statement that will delete from tblOne where firstid = @firstid, but then subsequently DELETE the related record from tblTwo based on the tblOne.secondid value of the deleted record. Can this be done in one statement?
0
Comment
Question by:alright
[X]
Welcome to Experts Exchange

Add your voice to the tech community where 5M+ people just like you are talking about what matters.

  • Help others & share knowledge
  • Earn cash & points
  • Learn & ask questions
  • 5
  • 4
  • 2
11 Comments
 
LVL 6

Expert Comment

by:AliSyed
ID: 34138775
You can set delete cascase and and it will be done automatically.
0
 
LVL 6

Expert Comment

by:AliSyed
ID: 34138792
DELETE CASCADE
look at this
0
 
LVL 58

Expert Comment

by:cyberkiwi
ID: 34138801
Not in one statement but can be done in the same batch in a transaction. Cascaded deletes in the other way, is not what you are after
0
Why You Need a DevOps Toolchain

IT needs to deliver services with more agility and velocity. IT must roll out application features and innovations faster to keep up with customer demands, which is where a DevOps toolchain steps in. View the infographic to see why you need a DevOps toolchain.

 
LVL 58

Expert Comment

by:cyberkiwi
ID: 34138837
Is it always one to one? Otherwise the delete from tbl2 may fail due to other records using that id.
0
 

Author Comment

by:alright
ID: 34138857
Yes, always one to one
0
 

Author Comment

by:alright
ID: 34138865
You say that CASCADE delete goes the other way, ie del tblTwo record first and then the associated tblOne record? If so, I think that would be okay
0
 
LVL 58

Expert Comment

by:cyberkiwi
ID: 34138926
Then you can set up the foreign key to be the "master" of the relationship and cascade deletes, updates. Even then one statement may not be enough, if you have records in tblOne that have no secondid link.

alter table tblOne add constraint FK_onetwo foreign key
REFERENCES tblTwo(secondid) ON DELETE CASCADE ON UPDATE CASCADE;

Your statement:

Delete tblTwo where secondid in (select secondid from tblOne where <some condition>)

This deletes from tblTwo and will grab all the records from tblOne that link by FK, however, if there are records in tblOne that are not linked to tblTwo, you will need to fire a secondary delete

delete tblOne where <some condition>

So it may or may not be better than just managing the deletes in a batch transaction.
0
 

Author Comment

by:alright
ID: 34138929
BEGIN TRAN
SET @secondid = tblOne.secondid WHERE firstid = @firstid
DELETE FROM [tblOne] WHERE [firstid] = @firstid
DELETE FROM [tblTwo] WHERE [secondid] = @secondid
If @@error = 0
COMMIT TRAN

ELSE
ROLLBACK


Incorrect syntax near the keyword 'WHERE'
0
 
LVL 58

Accepted Solution

by:
cyberkiwi earned 125 total points
ID: 34138970
BEGIN TRAN
select @secondid = secondid from tblOne where firstid = @firstid
DELETE FROM tblTwo where secondid = @secondid
DELETE FROM [tblOne] WHERE [firstid] = @firstid
If @@error = 0
      COMMIT TRAN
ELSE
      ROLLBACK
0
 
LVL 58

Expert Comment

by:cyberkiwi
ID: 34138976
That is if you are always deleting just one record, I thought you wanted something more general like batch deletes.
0
 

Author Closing Comment

by:alright
ID: 34139040
Oh yes, always deleting just one record. Working well now, thank you sir
0

Featured Post

Free Tool: Port Scanner

Check which ports are open to the outside world. Helps make sure that your firewall rules are working as intended.

One of a set of tools we are providing to everyone as a way of saying thank you for being a part of the community.

Question has a verified solution.

If you are experiencing a similar issue, please ask a related question

Suggested Solutions

Title # Comments Views Activity
Microsoft Access VBA - allocate a colour 3 69
EF5 How do I stop pre-compiled views? 8 51
T-sql question 13 31
Batch convert csv to xlsx 10 52
In this article we will get to know that how can we recover deleted data if it happens accidently. We really can recover deleted rows if we know the time when data is deleted by using the transaction log.
Shadow IT is coming out of the shadows as more businesses are choosing cloud-based applications. It is now a multi-cloud world for most organizations. Simultaneously, most businesses have yet to consolidate with one cloud provider or define an offic…
Video by: Steve
Using examples as well as descriptions, step through each of the common simple join types, explaining differences in syntax, differences in expected outputs and showing how the queries run along with the actual outputs based upon a simple set of dem…
Polish reports in Access so they look terrific. Take yourself to another level. Equations, Back Color, Alternate Back Color. Write easy VBA Code. Tighten space to use less pages. Launch report from a menu, considering criteria only when it is filled…

737 members asked questions and received personalized solutions in the past 7 days.

Join the community of 500,000 technology professionals and ask your questions.

Join & Ask a Question