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JMS Difference Between Queue and Durable Topic

Posted on 2010-11-29
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I'm trying to figure out the difference between a Durable Topic and a Queue in JMS.

At the surface, queues and topics differ in that a queue has 1 consumer but topics can have 0,1 or n consumers.

I think that's where the differences end - but not really in this case because a durable topic can have only one active subscriber at a time ( http://download.oracle.com/javaee/5/tutorial/doc/bncfu.html ).

To my understanding, messages in a queue are persisted until they are consumed.  Same with a durable topic.  For both, a  Queue and Durable Topic the consuming process does not have to be running when messages are produced and the messages will be delivered when the consumer is brought up.

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Question by:sevzas
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Bart Cremers earned 2000 total points
ID: 34234017
A queue saves a message until one consumer arrives and then delivers the message to that single consumer. Even when more consumers exist, only one will get it.

A durable topic saves messages for all registered subscribers. This means that one a new consumer arrives, it will register itself using a unique name. The topic assures that every subscriber to the topic will receive every message that it gets, even if a subscriber is not online.
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by:sevzas
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Good answer! Thanks!
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