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What function do you use to connect to MSSQL from PHP 5.3.3?

Posted on 2010-11-30
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Last Modified: 2012-05-10
Good morning, I've been using these http://us.php.net/manual/en/book.mssql.php but when we migrated to the newest php version I was forced to find an alternative solution. I've been told to start using SQLSRV extension so I started playing around with it but it  doesn't work for one of my queries and even doesn't return any errors.

This is the code:

 $sql = "EXEC SHOW_TICKET_VIEW_NEW1 '".$STATUS."','".$SHOW."','(".
$owners.")','".$ORDER."','".$search."'";
$result  = sqlsrv_query($dbh1, $sql, array(), array( "Scrollable" =>
SQLSRV_CURSOR_KEYSET )) or die ("Could not get results1.");
if (sqlsrv_num_rows($result) === false){
        echo "ERROR";
}

if( ($errors = sqlsrv_errors() ) != null)
{
   foreach( $errors as $error)
   {
          echo "SQLSTATE: ".$error[ 'SQLSTATE']."\n";
          echo "code: ".$error[ 'code']."\n";
          echo "message: ".$error[ 'message']."\n";
   }

}

All what I  get is Could not get results1.


Please advise.
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Question by:joein610
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10 Comments
 
LVL 111

Accepted Solution

by:
Ray Paseur earned 2000 total points
ID: 34239334
I'm guessing "latest version" means PHP 5.3.3?  Have a look at these links:
http://us.php.net/manual/en/mssql.requirements.php
http://us.php.net/manual/en/mssql.installation.php
http://us.php.net/manual/en/mssql.configuration.php

Nothing jumped out here:
http://us.php.net/migration53
http://us.php.net/manual/en/migration53.removed-extensions.php

In short, it looks like there is no need to change to SQLSRV.  Just install the MSSQL and keep running.
0
 

Author Comment

by:joein610
ID: 34239476
You have to install the extension to be able to use the SQLSRV commands. In my case I had to download the extension file and attached it to my php.ini file:

[php.ini]
extension=php_sqlsrv_53_nts_vc9.dll

Downloads are available here:
http://www.microsoft.com/downloads/en/details.aspx?FamilyID=ccdf728b-1ea0-48a8-a84a-5052214caad9&displaylang=en


I have no problems using it besides the query I provided before. No errors, nothing. Why ?
0
 
LVL 13

Expert Comment

by:darren-w-
ID: 34239774
I use pdo:

Here is a connection class I use that gets its details from a ini file

Here is the ini file:

; this is an INI file
db_driver=mssql
db_user=[dbusename here]
db_password=****

[dsn]
host=[put server ip/url here]
dbname=[db name here]

[db_options]
;PDO::MYSQL_ATTR_INIT_COMMAND=set names utf8

[db_attributes]
ATTR_ERRMODE=ERRMODE_WARNING

Open in new window


Connection class:

<?php

/*
 * This class creates a single db connection
 *
 */
include_once 'dbSettings.php';

class DBC {

    private static $objInstance;
    private function __construct() {

    }

    private function __clone() {

    }
    public static function getInstance() {
        $settings = new dbSettings();
        $auth = $settings->getAuth();
        if (!self::$objInstance) {
            try {
                self::$objInstance = new PDO($auth[0], $auth[1], $auth[2], $settings->getOptions());
            } catch (Exception $e) {
                self::$objInstance->rollBack();
                echo "Failed: " . $e->getMessage();
            }
            foreach ($settings->getAttrib() as $k => $v) {
                self::$objInstance->setAttribute(constant("PDO::{$k}")
                        , constant("PDO::{$v}"));
            }
        }
        return self::$objInstance;
    }

    final public static function __callStatic($chrMethod, $arrArguments) {
        $objInstance = self::getInstance();
        return call_user_func_array(array($objInstance, $chrMethod), $arrArguments);
    }

}

?>

Open in new window


The class that loads the settings:

<?php


class dbSettings {

    private $options, $auth, $attrib;

    function dbSettings() {
        $this->setSettings();
    }

    public function setSettings() {
        $ini = "connectionSettings.ini";
        $parse = parse_ini_file($ini, true);
        $driver = $parse ["db_driver"];
        $dsn = "${driver}:";
        $user = $parse ["db_user"];
        $password = $parse ["db_password"];
        $options = $parse ["db_options"];
        $attributes = $parse ["db_attributes"];
        foreach ($parse ["dsn"] as $k => $v) {
            $dsn .= "${k}=${v};";
        }
        $t = array($dsn, $user, $password);
        $this->setOptions($options);
        $this->setAuth(array($dsn, $user, $password));
        $this->setAttrib($attributes);
    }

    private function setOptions($_value) {
        $this->options = $_value;
    }

    function getOptions() {
        return $this->options;
    }

    private function setAuth($_value) {
        $this->auth = $_value;
    }

    function getAuth() {
        return $this->auth;
    }

    private function setAttrib($_value) {
        $this->attrib = $_value;
    }

    function getAttrib() {
        return $this->attrib;
    }

}
?>

Open in new window


to use it/ ie to get a connection I

include the file:

include_once 'DBC.php';

get the connection:

$con = DBC::getInstance();

I then pass call to the connection:

$count = $con->exec("DELETE FROM fruit WHERE colour = 'red'");

(http://www.php.net/manual/en/pdo.exec.php)

http://www.php.net/manual/en/book.pdo.php

Darren
0
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LVL 111

Expert Comment

by:Ray Paseur
ID: 34240216
Not sure why you are not getting error output.  I assume you have tested it with a deliberately induced error, right?  I am a little suspicious of this sort of thing:

if (sqlsrv_num_rows($result) === false){
        echo "ERROR";
}

Are you sure that the sqlsrv_num_rows() function will return FALSE  -- or maybe it will return zero, which is not the same as FALSE.
0
 

Author Comment

by:joein610
ID: 34241363
Are you sure that the sqlsrv_num_rows() function will return FALSE  -- or maybe it will return zero, which is not the same as FALSE.

http://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/library/ee376931%28SQL.90%29.aspx
0
 

Author Comment

by:joein610
ID: 34242620
Also with PDO:

"This extension is not available anymore on Windows with PHP 5.3 or later. "

http://ca2.php.net/manual/en/ref.pdo-dblib.php
0
 
LVL 111

Expert Comment

by:Ray Paseur
ID: 34247363
Are you hooked up with this: http://blogs.msdn.com/b/sqlphp/
0
 
LVL 13

Expert Comment

by:darren-w-
ID: 34247372
On Windows, you should use SqlSrv, an alternative driver for MS SQL is available from Microsoft: » http://www.microsoft.com/sqlserver/2005/en/us/PHP-Driver.aspx . The documentation is available at » http://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/library/cc296221.aspx
0
 

Author Comment

by:joein610
ID: 34249005
As I said. I have the SQLSRV extension already installed, up & running but it seems like it doesn't like my stored procedures and it doesn't even return any errors. Do I have to handle stored procedures other way than using the regular php_mssql extension?
0
 
LVL 13

Expert Comment

by:darren-w-
ID: 34249424
Here is a snippet of a class I have just written that uses the regular mssql connection, its being written to be used on PHP v 4.8.8 though...

<?php
include_once 'includes/dbSettings.php';
$c = new WriteOut();



class WriteOut {

    var $stmt, $link,$dbs;

    function WriteOut() {
        $this->dbs = new dbSettings();
        $this->connect();
        $this->writeData();

    }

    function connect() {

        $this->setLink(mssql_connect($this->dbs->getHost(), $this->dbs->getDbUser(), $this->dbs->getPassword()));

        if
        (!$this->getLink()) {
            die('Could not connect: ' . mssql_error());
        }
        echo
        'Successful connection';
//lets test calling a procedure
        $rtn = null;
        mssql_select_db($this->dbs->getDbname(), $this->getLink());
        $this->setStmt(mssql_init('Qualification.spMultiplePathwaysSource', $this->getLink()));
    }

    function writeData() {
        $pid = 4353;
        $cstat = 2;
        mssql_bind($this->getStmt(), '@providerid', $pid, SQLINT4, false, false);
        mssql_bind($this->getStmt(), '@courseStatus', $cstat, SQLINT4, false, false);
        mssql_bind($this->getStmt(), '@ReturnMessage', $rtn, SQLVARCHAR, true);
        $test = mssql_execute($this->getStmt());
        $op = mssql_fetch_assoc($test);
        print "<pre>";
        print_r($op);
        print "</pre>";

        $this->closeLink();
    }

    function setLink($cnstr) {
        $this->link = $cnstr;
    }

    function getLink() {
        return $this->link;
    }

    function closeLink() {
        mssql_close($this->link);
        print "got here";
    }

    function setStmt($a_stmt) {
        $this->stmt = $a_stmt;
    }

    function getStmt() {
        return $this->stmt;
    }

}

?>

Open in new window


it obviously depends on some other classes, but gives the idea of calling a procedure this way
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