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Visual Basic - Parsing JSON to Object and then to Standard Array

Posted on 2011-02-11
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3,012 Views
Last Modified: 2012-05-11
Here is the code:
dim mydata() as String
Dim JsonSerializer As New System.Web.Script.Serialization.JavaScriptSerializer()
Dim ReturnObject As Object = JsonSerializer.DeserializeObject(responseString)

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Here is the JSON:
{
    "identification": {
        "items": [
            {
                "status": [
                    {
                        "name": "Inside",
                        "id": 831
                    }
                ],
                "housed": "upper",
                "name": "Checker-001",
                "actions": [
                    {
                        "name": "Check1",
                        "id": 1956,
                        "passed": false
                    },
                    {
                        "name": "Check2",
                        "id": 1957,
                        "passed": true
                    },
                    {
                        "name": "Check3",
                        "id": 1958,
                        "passed": true
                    },
                    {
                        "name": "Check4",
                        "id": 1959,
                        "passed": true
                    },
                    {
                        "name": "Check5",
                        "id": 1960,
                        "passed": true
                    }
                ],
                "id": 833
            },
            {
                "status": [
                    {
                        "name": "Inside",
                        "id": 832
                    }
                ],
                "housed": "upper",
                "name": "Checker-002",
                "actions": [
                    {
                        "name": "mycheck9",
                        "id": 1897,
                        "passed": false
                    },
                    {
                        "name": "mycheck10",
                        "id": 1898,
                        "passed": true
                    },
                    {
                        "name": "mycheck11",
                        "id": 1899,
                        "passed": true
                    },
                    {
                        "name": "mycheck12",
                        "id": 1900,
                        "passed": true
                    }
                ],
                "id": 819
            }
        ],
        "name": "my Identification",
        "id": "ZZ123-00A"
    }
}

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How do I get the individal items in the Returned Object?

Above JSON has two items with different data, so how would I get:
Item, ID 833 - Action 2?

Then how would I get Item Id 819, say Action Name 3?

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Comment
Question by:keith1001
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6 Comments
 

Author Comment

by:keith1001
ID: 34874786
Ok I get the follow error:
Object reference not set to an instance of an object.

for this line of code:
mydata(1) = ReturnObject("inspection")("id")

But in the command window:
? ReturnObject("identification")("id")

It prints out the correct data.
0
 
LVL 10

Expert Comment

by:P1ST0LPETE
ID: 34875446
Hey bud.  I'm a C# developer and I don't have the time to convert this over to VB, however I'm basically doing the exact same thing in a program that I'm working on now.  The way I am doing it is I have specific classes designed to "house" my data.  In fact I load my data from the database into my classes, and then I create my JSON from the classes and send the JSON down to the page.  Then on post back, I parse the JSON back into the classes and go from there.

Anyway, going off the JSON that you have posted above I came up with the following class structure:
 
namespace YourWebApplication
{
    public class Identification
    {
        public int id = 0;
        public string name = "";
        public List<Item> items = new List<Item>();
    }

    public class Item
    {
        public int id = 0;
        public string name = "";
        public string housed = "";
        public List<State> status = new List<State>();
        public List<Action> actions = new List<Action>();
    }

    public class State
    {
        public int id = 0;
        public string name = "";
    }

    public class Action
    {
        public int id = 0;
        public string name = "";
        public bool passed = false;
    }
}

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Now, with that class structure as part of your application, you can convert the JSON into a Identification class by doing the following, and then you can access the data properly by your defined class structure:
 
JavaScriptSerializer JsonSerializer = new JavaScriptSerializer();
Identification identification = JsonSerializer.Deserialize<Identification>(responseString);

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LVL 96

Expert Comment

by:Bob Learned
ID: 34876818
Easy enough to convert:

Namespace YourWebApplication
	Public Class Identification
		Public id As Integer = 0
		Public name As String = ""
		Public items As New List(Of Item)()
	End Class

	Public Class Item
		Public id As Integer = 0
		Public name As String = ""
		Public housed As String = ""
		Public status As New List(Of State)()
		Public actions As New List(Of Action)()
	End Class

	Public Class State
		Public id As Integer = 0
		Public name As String = ""
	End Class

	Public Class Action
		Public id As Integer = 0
		Public name As String = ""
		Public passed As Boolean = False
	End Class
End Namespace

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Dim JsonSerializer As New JavaScriptSerializer()
Dim identification As Identification = JsonSerializer.Deserialize(Of Identification)(responseString)

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LVL 29

Expert Comment

by:Badotz
ID: 34878081
FYI: Visit http://www.json.org for all things JSON
0
 

Accepted Solution

by:
keith1001 earned 0 total points
ID: 34899893
This is what I needed and came up with:
 (ReturnObject("identification")("items")(i)("name"))

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Author Closing Comment

by:keith1001
ID: 34936443
Figured out the correct way to get the specifics of the 'ReturnObject'
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