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htmlentities() Is this working?

Posted on 2011-02-12
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Last Modified: 2013-12-13
I thought htmlentities removed special characters that could be used in a programming language like JavaScript and HTML. When I run this script, it doesn't remove anything. Why not? Is there something I am not understanding? Thanks.

<?php

$dirty = '1234 text name <div> / , ; " \' @ ! ^ & ( ) { }';

$clean = trim(htmlentities($dirty, ENT_QUOTES));

echo $clean;

?>

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Question by:kadin
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Expert Comment

by:Beverley Portlock
ID: 34880476
Remember that what you see on the screen is how the browser deals with the text it is given. the source produced looks like this

1234 text name &lt;div&gt; / , ; &quot; &#039; @ ! ^ &amp; ( ) { }

press CTRL-U in FF
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Author Comment

by:kadin
ID: 34880494
Thanks for your response.

Are you saying that I need not worry because the string is indeed being cleaned and then reprinted just the way it was typed in the first place?

I am trying to clean email that will be sent. When I retrieve the email, I see the same special characters that I typed. Are they really being cleaned behind the scenes? Thanks.
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Accepted Solution

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Beverley Portlock earned 500 total points
ID: 34880522
The string is converted into HTML entities which the browser converts back for display purposes. The string is in the correct format but no-one  wants to see #039;here is a single quoted string#039; so the browser shows them 'here is a single quoted string' instead, but what you are seeing is not what is actually there.

Always check the HTML source, not what you see.
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Author Closing Comment

by:kadin
ID: 34880531
I learned something today. Thanks.
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LVL 34

Expert Comment

by:Beverley Portlock
ID: 34880539
Think about this then..... when you next see a webpage, look at its source HTML and remember that what gets sent to a browser is the HTML instructions on how to draw the page for a user to see. The original HTML is never seen under normal circumstances. Everything a browser shows you is an interpretation of the drawing instructions (aka HTML) it received from the server.

The web is, in one sense, a big fake. Quite a thought, isn't it?

;-)

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