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How to trace value of local variables during a session of activities

Posted on 2011-02-15
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Last Modified: 2012-05-11
Hey !

I have a pretty complex project to work on. It is a web application in Asp.net and C#. I want to track values of local variables in aspx, ascx, global.asax, and .cs files of the solution. I know it would'nt be possible to track values in some files directly but I am sure there must be some way around. I am open to put the values in text file or excel sheet. or if there is any other simple way.

Additionally, I am using Visual Studio Ultimate edition. So please let me know if there is any built-in functionality to do this. Thanks,

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Question by:pratz09
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by:gdupadhyay
ID: 34901788
The scope of local variable is limited upto the function/ method or class.You can't track all at one time.
Track by using break point or immediate window.

Let me know for any question.
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by:käµfm³d 👽
ID: 34901802
Are you familiar with the "Watch" and "Locals" windows? You should be able to inspect the value of session variables via the Watch window. phoffric has a nice article pertaining to debugging in Visual Studio 2008 (and C++), but most of the concepts are still applicable in VS 2010.

http://www.experts-exchange.com/Programming/Languages/CPP/A_2688-Microsoft-Visual-Studio-2008-Express-C-Quick-and-Dirty-Debugger-Tutorial.html
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by:pratz09
ID: 34901892
Hmm.. That was useful, definite bookmark. But I here I am not using session state. I am doing little computing on some pages, and storing some local variables/ helper variables. What do you guys (experts) use to check if correct value is passing through the code ? Even if I debug (F10), I can't really see the "value" of that variable at that particular moment, Can I ?

One option could have been enabling trace, but it doesn't give much information about the value of those variables.

Is it possible to put hidden message box / controls, and while running in debug mode, I can display the value of that local variable.
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käµfm³d   👽 earned 1000 total points
ID: 34903733
If you are debugging a web site in debug mode, then yes, you can see the live variables. Even if you wanted to debug the live site, you could do the same thing (I wouldn't suggest doing it on production). You can use the "Attach to Process" feature found under the Tools menu. You would attach to the "w3p.exe" process (basically, IIS). The caveat is that you have to have the .pdb files (debugging sybmols) in the same directory as your DLLs and assemblies. There is also a remote debugging feature, but it is sometimes a pain to set up.
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by:chandra_darbha
chandra_darbha earned 1000 total points
ID: 34904064
If you want to track these values during a live request and not a debug session, you can add System.Diagnostics.Trace.WriteLine("value of the variable"); statements wherever you want to track.

These statements will result in trace events at the OS level and can be viewed using DbgView (Debug View) which is part of the Sysinternals suite (http://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/sysinternals/bb842062).

Thanks,
Chandra
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Expert Comment

by:chandra_darbha
ID: 34904068
If you want to see these statements only in the Debug mode and not in the release version of the code, you can use System.Diagnostics.Debug.WriteLine instead of Trace.WriteLine.

The Debug.WriteLine statements will be removed by the compiler during Release build.

Thanks,
Chandra
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