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MVC tutorial: I don't understand a syntax for Dependency Injection

Posted on 2011-02-16
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Last Modified: 2013-12-17
I am using the tutorial below but I don't understand this syntax on the code:
public ContactController()
            : this(new EntityContactManagerRepository())
        {}
http://www.asp.net/mvc/tutorials/iteration-4-make-the-application-loosely-coupled-cs

using System.Text.RegularExpressions;
using System.Web.Mvc;
using ContactManager.Models;

namespace ContactManager.Controllers
{
    public class ContactController : Controller
    {
        private IContactManagerRepository _repository;

        public ContactController()
            : this(new EntityContactManagerRepository())
        {}


        public ContactController(IContactManagerRepository repository)
        {
            _repository = repository;
        }

        
        protected void ValidateContact(Contact contactToValidate)
        {
            if (contactToValidate.FirstName.Trim().Length == 0)
                ModelState.AddModelError("FirstName", "First name is required.");
            if (contactToValidate.LastName.Trim().Length == 0)
                ModelState.AddModelError("LastName", "Last name is required.");
            if (contactToValidate.Phone.Length > 0 && !Regex.IsMatch(contactToValidate.Phone, @"((\(\d{3}\) ?)|(\d{3}-))?\d{3}-\d{4}"))
                ModelState.AddModelError("Phone", "Invalid phone number.");
            if (contactToValidate.Email.Length > 0 && !Regex.IsMatch(contactToValidate.Email, @"^[\w-\.]+@([\w-]+\.)+[\w-]{2,4}$"))
                ModelState.AddModelError("Email", "Invalid email address.");
        }

        public ActionResult Index()
        {
            return View(_repository.ListContacts());
        }

        public ActionResult Create()
        {
            return View();
        } 

        [AcceptVerbs(HttpVerbs.Post)]
        public ActionResult Create([Bind(Exclude = "Id")] Contact contactToCreate)
        {
            // Validation logic
            ValidateContact(contactToCreate);
            if (!ModelState.IsValid)
                return View();

            // Database logic
            try
            {
                _repository.CreateContact(contactToCreate);
                return RedirectToAction("Index");
            }
            catch
            {
                return View();
            }
        }

        public ActionResult Edit(int id)
        {
            return View(_repository.GetContact(id));
        }

        [AcceptVerbs(HttpVerbs.Post)]
        public ActionResult Edit(Contact contactToEdit)
        {
            // Validation logic
            ValidateContact(contactToEdit);
            if (!ModelState.IsValid)
                return View();

            // Database logic
            try
            {
                _repository.EditContact(contactToEdit);
                return RedirectToAction("Index");
            }
            catch
            {
                return View();
            }
        }

        public ActionResult Delete(int id)
        {
            return View(_repository.GetContact(id));
        }

        [AcceptVerbs(HttpVerbs.Post)]
        public ActionResult Delete(Contact contactToDelete)
        {
            try
            {
                _repository.DeleteContact(contactToDelete);
                return RedirectToAction("Index");
            }
            catch
            {
                return View();
            }
        }

    }
}

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Question by:DistillingExperts
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1 Comment
 
LVL 52

Accepted Solution

by:
Carl Tawn earned 2000 total points
ID: 34908713
Your code contains two contructors. One accepts an IContactManagerRepository object, which allows you to "inject" any object you like that implements that interface. The idea is that your controller isn't hard-coded to work with a particular concrete repository object.

The second constructor simply creates a default EntityConactManagerRepository object. So, if you don't specify otherwise then that is the type of repository that will be used. The "injection" part is implemented in the first constructor because it allows you to determine what type of repository to use rather than hard-coding a specific type.

Hope that makes some sense :)
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