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join inside derived table instead of outside

Posted on 2011-02-16
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Last Modified: 2012-05-11
select table1.col1, a.CODE1, a.CODE2  
from table1, 
(
select table2.id
,CODE1=min( case when table2.code='CODE1' then table2.value end )
,CODE2 =min(case when tabel2.code='CODE2' then table2.value end)
from table2
group by table2.id
) a
where table1.id = 12345 and table1.id = a.id

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This works except performance is extremely slow as it needs to create derived table by selecting the entire table2,  only then does it join with table1 and filter.

How can i maintain this sql structure but do the filter inside the derived table.  Something like below, but it's giving me syntax error saying table1.id not found.

select table1.col1, a.CODE1, a.CODE2  
from table1, 
(
select table2.id
,CODE1=min( case when table2.code='CODE1' then table2.value end )
,CODE2 =min(case when tabel2.code='CODE2' then table2.value end)
from table2
where table2.id = table1.id  <--- doesnt work
group by table2.id
) a
where table1.id = 12345 and table1.id = a.id

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thanks
0
Comment
Question by:gagaliya
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13 Comments
 
LVL 1

Author Comment

by:gagaliya
ID: 34910200
note:  i know you can just join all the tables together in 1 big join and forget about derived table, but the sql will be dynamically created with many tables and columns to join and select, i dont want to do a group by on all of those tables/columns.
0
 
LVL 61

Expert Comment

by:HainKurt
ID: 34910297
what about this:

select b.col1, b.CODE1, b.CODE2  
from (select * from table1 where id = 12345) a,
(
select id,
CODE1 =min(case when code='CODE1' then value end),
CODE2 =min(case when code='CODE2' then value end)
from table2 where id=12345
group by table2.id
) b
where  a.id = b.id
0
 
LVL 61

Expert Comment

by:HainKurt
ID: 34910310
oops, a typo on first column alias

select a.col1, b.CODE1, b.CODE2  
from (select * from table1 where id = 12345) a,
(
select id,
CODE1 =min(case when code='CODE1' then value end),
CODE2 =min(case when code='CODE2' then value end)
from table2 where id=12345
group by table2.id
) b
where  a.id = b.id
0
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LVL 61

Expert Comment

by:HainKurt
ID: 34910341
above sample does not look meaningful :) if we use "from table2 where id=12345" then we dont need to group by id

select a.col1, b.CODE1, b.CODE2  
from (select * from table1 where id = 12345) a,
(
select id,
CODE1 =min(case when code='CODE1' then value end),
CODE2 =min(case when code='CODE2' then value end)
from table2 where id=12345
) b
where  a.id = b.id

and I guess this gives you one row... no need for "where  a.id = b.id"
is this a real query?
0
 
LVL 1

Author Comment

by:gagaliya
ID: 34910589
hi unfortunately  id=12345 was just an example filter.  You could have 10000 id from some other filter criteria.

My question really is how to do table1.id = table2.id inside the derived table
0
 
LVL 61

Expert Comment

by:HainKurt
ID: 34910948
create a query

create view v_table2 as
select id,
CODE1 =min(case when code='CODE1' then value end),
CODE2 =min(case when code='CODE2' then value end)
from table2

then use

select a.col1, b.CODE1, b.CODE2  
from table1 a left join v_table2 b on a.id=b.id
where  a.id in (..some other filters..)

maybe this works better...

0
 
LVL 41

Expert Comment

by:Sharath
ID: 34910987
try adding an additional filter on code as you are interested in only two codes. Do you have any other codes?
select table1.col1, a.CODE1, a.CODE2  
from table1, 
(
select table2.id
,CODE1=min( case when table2.code='CODE1' then table2.value end )
,CODE2 =min(case when tabel2.code='CODE2' then table2.value end)
from table2
where table2.code in ('CODE1','CODE2') 
group by table2.id
) a
where table1.id = 12345 and table1.id = a.id

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0
 
LVL 41

Expert Comment

by:Sharath
ID: 34911007
or check this...
select t1.col1,
       CODE1 = (select min(t2.value) from table2 as t2 where t2.code = 'CODE1' and t2.id = t1.id),
       CODE2 = (select min(t2.value) from table2 as t2 where t2.code = 'CODE2' and t2.id = t1.id) 
  from table1 as t1

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0
 
LVL 1

Author Comment

by:gagaliya
ID: 34911516
Hi guys, this is not what i am asking.  My question is how to join table1.id = table2.id  when tabel2 is inside a derived table.

Assume table2 has 50 million unique table2.id, i need to filter down FIRST by joining table1.id = table2.id  instead of creating a 50 million row derived table then filter.   Filtering by table2.code or any other column is irrelevant for this discussion.

Thank you
0
 
LVL 41

Accepted Solution

by:
Sharath earned 1350 total points
ID: 34912440
>> Hi guys, this is not what i am asking.  My question is how to join table1.id = table2.id  when tabel2 is inside a derived table.

Not possible. The alternative is either JOIN as mentioned above or co-related sub-query. Do you have more records in table2 than table1?
0
 
LVL 61

Assisted Solution

by:HainKurt
HainKurt earned 150 total points
ID: 34912985
probably this is the best method:

select *
from
(select * from table1 where some_filters_here group by ... having ...) a
left|inner join
(select * from table1 where some_other_filters_here group by ... having ...) b
on a.id=b.id
where ... some_more_filters_after_join
order by .. some_columns_after_join
0
 
LVL 1

Author Closing Comment

by:gagaliya
ID: 34930016
FYI, doesnt look like it's possible. The most perforamnce efficient way is still below:


select table1.col1, table1.CODE1, table1.CODE2,
table2.id
,CODE1=min( case when table2.code='CODE1' then table2.value end )
,CODE2 =min(case when tabel2.code='CODE2' then table2.value end)
from table1, table2
where table1.id = 12345 and table1.id = table2.id
group by table1.col1, table1.CODE1, table1.CODE2,
table2.id
0
 
LVL 1

Author Comment

by:gagaliya
ID: 34930036
CORRECTION:

select table1.col1, table2.id
,CODE1=min( case when table2.code='CODE1' then table2.value end )
,CODE2 =min(case when tabel2.code='CODE2' then table2.value end)
from table1, table2
where table1.id = 12345 and table1.id = table2.id
group by table1.col1, table2.id    
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