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where not in ( int value and null)

Posted on 2011-02-16
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Last Modified: 2012-05-11
statusfk is supposed to be null or have an int value that is 8 numbers. but i saw in the table there is one with 7 digits.

but the following query
select * from tblsinger where len(statusfk) not in (8, null)
did not bring back the records for statusfk with 7 length.

what is wrong with the query?

thanks
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Question by:anushahanna
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LVL 58

Accepted Solution

by:
cyberkiwi earned 167 total points
ID: 34910332
NOT IN + NULL = bad query

NULL is not comparable to anything, so if it is present in the NOT IN clause at all, it is as good as filtering everything out.
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LVL 9

Assisted Solution

by:AriMc
AriMc earned 83 total points
ID: 34910350
LEN function works on character fields only. For integers you could try:

select * from tblsinger where statusfk between (1000000 and 9999999)

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LVL 50

Assisted Solution

by:Lowfatspread
Lowfatspread earned 167 total points
ID: 34910352
1 you can only test a column against null with the IS NULL/IS NOT NULL SYNTAX
2  a null value "doesn't" have a length
3 len is for character columns only

so try

select * from tblsinger
 where statusfk < 10000000
 
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LVL 6

Author Comment

by:anushahanna
ID: 34910429
>>NOT IN + NULL = bad query
>>you can only test a column against null with the IS NULL/IS NOT NULL SYNTAX

THANK YOU....

now,
select * from tblsinger where statusfk is not null and len(statusfk)<8
worked
(len does work for int - can you please test that)
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LVL 40

Assisted Solution

by:Sharath
Sharath earned 83 total points
ID: 34910918
Yes, you can check the no. of digits with LEN.
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LVL 50

Assisted Solution

by:Lowfatspread
Lowfatspread earned 167 total points
ID: 34911110
you can "check" with len on the size of the converted string... from the underlying numeric data type

if the statusfk is indexed then the len(statusfk) check makes it non sargable  (less likely to use an index efficiently)

where as the numeric range condition does not suffer from that problem...

in the general case you may want to consider the effect of negative numbers as well
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LVL 58

Assisted Solution

by:cyberkiwi
cyberkiwi earned 167 total points
ID: 34912850
@AriMC "LEN function works on character fields only. For integers you could try:"
@Lowfatspread

Try select LEN(1234), LEN(1234222)

> have an int value that is 8 numbers

So Len( ) does work to flush it out.

@Lowfatspread

While you are right about performance, the question is worded as a one-off so by the time you posted that tidbit, the problem has been solved...
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LVL 6

Author Comment

by:anushahanna
ID: 34917557
thanks for your helpful explanation.
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