CSS: why do these <div> show inside <body>? pls take a look

Posted on 2011-02-17
Last Modified: 2012-05-11
Hello Experts,

Please look at the code below, why do these <div> show inside <body> when looking at the source code?

thanks experts,
<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN" "">
<title> test </title>

<!--[if lt IE 9]>
	<script src=""></script>

<!-- CSS -->
#bg {background: #9E1110; height:4px; margin: 0px 0px 0px 0px; }
#bg2 {background: #dddddd; height:2px; margin: 0px 0px 0px 0px; }


<div id="bg"> 	</div>
<div id="bg2">	</div>

       <div id="top"> top menu </div>
       <div id="banner"> banner here </div>
        <div id="menu"> mainMenu</div>
    	<div id="pathway"> pathway </div>
    	<div id="separator"></div>
    <div id="content"> content here</div>
    <div id="right"> right content here </div>
    <div id="ads"> ads here </div>

    <div id="footer"> footer </div>

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Question by:epifanio67
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LVL 29

Accepted Solution

sammySeltzer earned 250 total points
ID: 34920553
i don't understand your question though.

See screenshot
LVL 12

Assisted Solution

Amick earned 250 total points
ID: 34920574
It should work now:

<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN"
<html xmlns="">
<!--[if lt IE 9]>
        <script src=""></script>
<!-- CSS -->

<style type="text/css">
#bg {background: #9E1110; height:4px; margin: 0px 0px 0px 0px; }
#bg2 {background: #dddddd; height:2px; margin: 0px 0px 0px 0px; }

<style type="text/css">
 div.c1 {margin-left: 2em}

	<div id="bg"></div>
	<div id="bg2"></div>
	<div class="c1" id="top">top menu</div>
	<div id="banner">banner here</div>
	<div class="c1" id="menu">mainMenu</div>
	<div id="pathway">pathway</div>
	<div id="separator"></div>
	<div id="content">content here</div>
	<div id="right">right content here</div>
	<div id="ads">ads here</div>
	<div id="footer">footer</div>

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Author Closing Comment

ID: 34920618
thank you experts....
LVL 12

Expert Comment

ID: 34920846
I apologize, I may have misunderstood your question.

The code you posted is mal-formed XHTML, but more reasonable HTML 5.  The <div>'s can't legally exist outside the <body> and your browser was making its best attempt at trying to render a reasonable page.  

You may want to see if there's a way to hint HTML 5 for  "< IE9"  browsers in order to help them understand what you intend with that code.

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