Select records based on encoded polyline value

Posted on 2011-02-20
Last Modified: 2012-05-11
Dear Experts

I have a sql 2008 database that holds the geographical points of properties.  See example of records below:

ref                 Lat                long                point                                  pointlatlon
8192      55.4241      2.78549      <Binary data>      POINT (2.78549 55.4241)
8194      55.6096      2.77599      <Binary data>      POINT (2.77599 55.6096)
8201      55.5923      2.7258      <Binary data>      POINT (2.7258 55.5923)
8206      55.4217      2.78940      <Binary data>      POINT (2.7894 55.4217)
8227      55.5463      2.84920      <Binary data>      POINT (2.8492 55.5463)
8241      55.4374      2.7803      <Binary data>      POINT (2.7803 55.4374)

If a receive an encoded polyline value (for example: polyline=svzrIr%7BbQ%7Cnl@i%7BfAehk@wjuArH%7EeBko@%60%60zC) from a string can someone suggest how I can construct the necessery in SQL to be able to return the records from the database that fall within the polyline?


Question by:grantballantyne
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Expert Comment

by:Mark Brady
ID: 34938137
How is your database constructed. What tables hold the data you need? What data do you need? Can you give some more information please?

Author Comment

ID: 34938266


The example of the data above is from a sql view called 'current_residential_radius_geog'.  Please see the syntax below that was used to create the table.  

This view holds all the data i need for the time being.

If I can return the 'pRef' value from this view where the 'point' value falls within the encoded polyline that would enable me to accomplish what I need.

Thanks for taking the time to answer and if you need any more info then please ask - I have been trying to work this out for weeks without much success to date - however I know its possible somehow!!


Create view  current_residential_radius_geog as
SELECT     pRef, pLat, pLong, geography::STPointFromText('POINT(' + CAST(pLong AS VARCHAR(20)) + ' ' + CAST(pLat AS VARCHAR(20)) + ')', 4326) AS point, point.ToString() AS pointlatlon
FROM         dbo.current_residential_radius

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LVL 20

Expert Comment

by:Mark Brady
ID: 34938315
Well the first thing that comes to mind is how to decrypt that encoded string ? You will need to get data from that string to use in your query but how to decode it first? I'm not sure how to accomplish this. How what this string encoded?  polyline=svzrIr%7BbQ%7Cnl@i%7BfAehk@wjuArH%7EeBko@%60%60zC

Where does this value come from and how is it encoded? Can it be dissected and decoded?
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Author Comment

ID: 34938362

The string was encoded via javascript that I have used in my page.  Please see the page (and javascript) at

Like you, I am not entirely sure how to decode the string, however if you have a look at the following google api page:  you will notice that you are able to decode the polyline.


LVL 20

Expert Comment

by:Mark Brady
ID: 34938498
Yes I see that. Here is the decoding page
but I read that page and still can't work out how to reverse the code??? It's a little more tricky than I thought. Perhpas you could request that a moderator move this question into the "puzzles and games" section. There are lots of code writers in that section that can read stuff like this. Once you know how to decode it or you have found a function to do this, then we can show you how to extract the information from the decoded string and search the database for results between any two values.

Sorry i can't be of more help.

Author Comment

ID: 34938592
OK thanks Elvin

Supposing I had a decoded polyline value of (('POLYGON((-122.358 47.653, -122.348 47.649, -122.348 47.658, -122.358 47.658, -122.358 47.653))

How could I return the records from the table using this?

LVL 20

Accepted Solution

Mark Brady earned 500 total points
ID: 34938641
I would imagine the easiest way to extract the data you need would be to capture that value as a string, then explode it at the comas ',' to get each point. The first 2 should be your 'Lat' and 'long' values and the last two would be the line orientation. The first of which would be the start point and the 2nd the end point.

Once you know the start and end points and say for eg they are now called $start and $end your query to return all lines that lie between those points would be:

$sql = "SELECT * FROM `your_table` WHERE `Lat` BETWEEN $start AND $end AND `long` BETWEEN $start AND $end ODER BY Lat ASC";

Something along those lines should do it but I'm not sure exactly.


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