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University SQL Load

Posted on 2011-02-21
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Last Modified: 2012-05-11
In my code, I'm trying to understand how I can get data extracted from the tables. Can you tell me what I'm doing wrong? (This file is intended to be unzipped and then have its contents applied)
University.zip
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Question by:JCW2
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22 Comments
 
LVL 41

Expert Comment

by:Sharath
ID: 34947065
Do you want to load data from text files to table?
http://dev.mysql.com/doc/refman/5.0/en/loading-tables.html
0
 

Author Comment

by:JCW2
ID: 34947420
Yes.
0
 
LVL 41

Expert Comment

by:Sharath
ID: 34947466
Did you check the URL?
0
What is SQL Server and how does it work?

The purpose of this paper is to provide you background on SQL Server. It’s your self-study guide for learning fundamentals. It includes both the history of SQL and its technical basics. Concepts and definitions will form the solid foundation of your future DBA expertise.

 

Author Comment

by:JCW2
ID: 34947694
I just did. I noticed I forgot to provide the load statements:

load data infile 'i:/advisor.txt' into table advisor fields terminated by ',';
load data infile 'i:/classroom.txt'into table classroom fields terminated by ',';
load data infile 'i:/course.txt' into table course fields terminated by ',';
load data infile 'i:/department.txt' into table department fields terminated by ',';
load data infile 'i:/instructor.txt' into table instructor fields terminated by ',';
load data infile 'i:/prereq.txt' into table prereq fields terminated by ',';
load data infile 'i:/section.txt' into table section fields terminated by ',';
load data infile 'i:/student.txt' into table student fields terminated by ',';
load data infile 'i:/takes.txt' into table takes fields terminated by ',';
load data infile 'i:/teaches.txt' into table teaches fields terminated by ',';
load data infile 'i:/timeSlot.txt' into table timeSlot fields terminated by ',';

and got the following errors:

ERROR 1452 (23000): Cannot add or update a child row: a foreign key constraint fails (`university`.`advisor`, CONSTRAINT `sid` FOREIGN KEY (`s_id`) REFERENCES `
student` (`id`) ON DELETE CASCADE)
Query OK, 5 rows affected (0.12 sec)
Records: 5  Deleted: 0  Skipped: 0  Warnings: 0

ERROR 1452 (23000): Cannot add or update a child row: a foreign key constraint fails (`university`.`course`, CONSTRAINT `dept3` FOREIGN KEY (`dept_name`) REFERE
NCES `department` (`dept_name`) ON DELETE SET NULL)
Query OK, 7 rows affected (0.05 sec)
Records: 7  Deleted: 0  Skipped: 0  Warnings: 0

ERROR 1406 (22001): Data too long for column 'id' at row 1
ERROR 1452 (23000): Cannot add or update a child row: a foreign key constraint fails (`university`.`prereq`, CONSTRAINT `courid` FOREIGN KEY (`course_id`) REFER
ENCES `course` (`course_id`) ON DELETE CASCADE)
ERROR 1452 (23000): Cannot add or update a child row: a foreign key constraint fails (`university`.`section`, CONSTRAINT `coursecon` FOREIGN KEY (`course_id`) R
EFERENCES `course` (`course_id`) ON DELETE CASCADE)
Query OK, 13 rows affected (0.06 sec)
Records: 13  Deleted: 0  Skipped: 0  Warnings: 0

ERROR 1452 (23000): Cannot add or update a child row: a foreign key constraint fails (`university`.`takes`, CONSTRAINT `cours` FOREIGN KEY (`course_id`) REFEREN
CES `section` (`course_id`) ON DELETE CASCADE)
ERROR 1452 (23000): Cannot add or update a child row: a foreign key constraint fails (`university`.`teaches`, CONSTRAINT `identity` FOREIGN KEY (`id`) REFERENCE
S `instructor` (`id`) ON DELETE CASCADE)
Query OK, 20 rows affected (0.03 sec)
Records: 20  Deleted: 0  Skipped: 0  Warnings: 0

What do you know about this?
0
 
LVL 39

Expert Comment

by:Aaron Tomosky
ID: 34947792
You have to do the imports in the right order because of foreign key constraints. In English: you can't add a row to the advisors table for a student tha doesn't yet exist in the students table.
0
 

Author Comment

by:JCW2
ID: 34948189
One issue I'm having: separating the values for salary and ID.
0
 

Author Comment

by:JCW2
ID: 34948372
I've resolved that with commas; however, I'm still getting an error saying "SQL Error (1406): Data too long for column 'id' at row 1" for the instructor.txt and instructor table.
0
 

Author Comment

by:JCW2
ID: 34948697
Update:

ERROR 1406 (22001): Data too long for column 'id' at row 1
Query OK, 13 rows affected (0.04 sec)
Records: 13  Deleted: 0  Skipped: 0  Warnings: 0

Query OK, 5 rows affected (0.18 sec)
Records: 5  Deleted: 0  Skipped: 0  Warnings: 0

ERROR 1062 (23000): Duplicate entry '1-Spring-2010' for key 'PRIMARY'
ERROR 1452 (23000): Cannot add or update a child row: a foreign key constraint fails (`university`.`teaches`, CONSTRAINT `identity` FOREIGN KEY (`id`) REFERENCE
S `instructor` (`id`) ON DELETE CASCADE)
Query OK, 13 rows affected (0.07 sec)
Records: 13  Deleted: 0  Skipped: 0  Warnings: 0

ERROR 1452 (23000): Cannot add or update a child row: a foreign key constraint fails (`university`.`takes`, CONSTRAINT `cours` FOREIGN KEY (`course_id`) REFEREN
CES `section` (`course_id`) ON DELETE CASCADE)
ERROR 1452 (23000): Cannot add or update a child row: a foreign key constraint fails (`university`.`advisor`, CONSTRAINT `iid02` FOREIGN KEY (`i_id`) REFERENCES
 `instructor` (`id`) ON DELETE SET NULL)
Query OK, 20 rows affected (0.03 sec)
Records: 20  Deleted: 0  Skipped: 0  Warnings: 0

I'm still confused.
University.sql


drop database if exists University;

create database University;

use University;

create table department(

dept_name varchar(20),
building  varchar(15),
budget    numeric(12, 2) check (budget > 0),
constraint dept
    primary key(dept_name)

);

create table instructor(

dept_name varchar(20),
id varchar(5),
name varchar(20) not null,
salary numeric(8, 2),
constraint dept2
    foreign key(dept_name) references department(dept_name)
        on delete set null,
constraint id1
    primary key(id)
);

create table course(

course_id varchar(8),
title varchar(50),
dept_name varchar(20),
credits numeric(2,0) check (credits > 0),

constraint dept3
    foreign key(dept_name) references department(dept_name)
        on delete set null,
constraint cid1
    primary key(course_id)

);

create table classroom(

building varchar(15),
room_number varchar(7),
capacity numeric(4, 0),
constraint build
    primary key(building,room_number),
index(building), #new index
index(room_number) #new index
);


create table section(

course_id varchar(8),
sec_id varchar(8),
semester varchar(6),
year numeric(4,0),
building varchar(15),
room_number varchar(7),
time_slot_id varchar(4),

constraint coursecon
    foreign key(course_id) references course(course_id)
        on delete cascade,
constraint struct
    foreign key(building) references classroom(building)
        on delete set null,
constraint room
    foreign key(room_number) references classroom(room_number)
        on delete set null,
constraint sid1
    primary key(sec_id,semester,year),
index(course_id), #new index
index(sec_id), #new index
index(semester), #new index
index(year) #new index
);

create table teaches(

id varchar(5),
course_id varchar(8),
sec_id varchar(8),
semester varchar(6),
year numeric(4,0),

constraint course
    foreign key(course_id) references section(course_id) #department(sec_id) -> section(sec_id)
        on delete cascade,

constraint section
    foreign key(sec_id) references section(sec_id) #department(sec_id) -> section(sec_id)
        on delete cascade,

constraint sem
    foreign key(semester) references section(semester) #department(sec_id) -> section(sec_id)
        on delete cascade,

constraint year1
    foreign key(year) references section(year)
        on delete cascade,

constraint identity
    foreign key(id) references instructor(id)
        on delete cascade,
constraint multid
    primary key(id,course_id,sec_id,semester,year)
);


create table student(

id varchar(5),
name varchar(20) not null,
dept_name varchar(20),
tot_cred numeric(3,0),
constraint dept4
    foreign key(dept_name) references department(dept_name)
        on delete set null,
index(id) #new index

);

create table takes(

id varchar(5),
course_id varchar(8),
sec_id varchar(8),
semester varchar(6),
year numeric(4,0),
grade varchar(2),
constraint cours
    foreign key(course_id) references section(course_id)
        on delete cascade,
constraint sec
    foreign key(sec_id) references section(sec_id)
        on delete cascade,
constraint sem02 #sem -> sem02
    foreign key(semester) references section(semester)
        on delete cascade,
constraint time
    foreign key(year) references section(year) #section(year) -> section(year)
        on delete cascade,
constraint iid
    foreign key(id) references student(id)
        on delete cascade,
constraint multid2
    primary key(id,course_id,sec_id,semester,year)
);

create table advisor(

s_id varchar(5),
i_id varchar(5),
constraint iid02 #iid -> iid02
    foreign key(i_id) references instructor(id)
        on delete set null,
constraint sid
    foreign key(s_id) references student(id)
        on delete cascade,
constraint sid2
    primary key(s_id)
);

create table prereq(

course_id varchar(8),
prereq_id varchar(8),

constraint courid
    foreign key(course_id) references course(course_id)
        on delete cascade,
constraint prereq2
    foreign key(prereq_id) references course(course_id),
constraint ids2
    primary key(course_id,prereq_id)

);

create table timeslot(

time_slot_id varchar(5),
day varchar(1),
start_hr int,
start_min int,
end_hr int,
end_min int,
constraint time
primary key(time_slot_id,day,start_hr,start_min)	                                 	        	
);

load data infile 'i:/department.txt' into table department fields terminated by ',';
load data infile 'i:/instructor.txt' into table instructor fields terminated by ',';
load data infile 'i:/course.txt' into table course fields terminated by ',';
load data infile 'i:/classroom.txt' into table classroom fields terminated by ',';
load data infile 'i:/section.txt' into table section fields terminated by ',';
load data infile 'i:/teaches.txt' into table teaches fields terminated by ',';
load data infile 'i:/student.txt' into table student fields terminated by ',';
load data infile 'i:/takes.txt' into table takes fields terminated by ',';
load data infile 'i:/advisor.txt' into table advisor fields terminated by ',';
load data infile 'i:/prereq.txt' into table prereq fields terminated by ',';
load data infile 'i:/timeSlot.txt' into table timeSlot fields terminated by ',';


instructor.txt


10101,Srinivasan,Comp. Sci.,65000,
12121,Wu,Finance,90000,
15151,Mozart,Music,40000,
22222,Einstein,Physics,95000,
32343,El Said,History,60000,
33456,Gold,Physics,87000,
45565,Katz,Comp. Sci.,75000,
58583,Califieri,History,62000,
76543,Singh,Finance,80000,
76766,Crick,Biology,72000,
83821,Brandt,Comp. Sci.,92000,
98345,Kim,Elec. Eng.,80000

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LVL 39

Expert Comment

by:Aaron Tomosky
ID: 34948758
Whatever is in instructor.txt has something too long for the id column. Or you can make the id column bigger.
0
 

Author Comment

by:JCW2
ID: 34956321
I've increased the size of the offending item; now I'm getting:
"SQL Error (1452): Cannot add or update a child row: a foreign key constraint fails (`university`.`instructor`, CONSTRAINT `dept2` FOREIGN KEY (`dept_name`) REFERENCES `department` (`dept_name`) ON DELETE SET NULL)"

Can you explain what that means?
0
 
LVL 39

Accepted Solution

by:
Aaron Tomosky earned 500 total points
ID: 34956393
translation:
you can't add the row to the instructor table before his/her department exists in the department table
0
 
LVL 39

Expert Comment

by:Aaron Tomosky
ID: 34956402
as we figure out the constraints of the database, you should be rearranging your load statements to load the files in the correct order.
0
 

Author Comment

by:JCW2
ID: 34956565
I took a look, but I couldn't figure out what was missing in the load statement order at this point. Department.txt is loaded before Instructor.txt, and "Instructor" appears to depend on "Department".
0
 

Author Comment

by:JCW2
ID: 34956613
My next error after this is: Duplicate entry '1-Spring-2010' for key 'PRIMARY'. However, I couldn't find that data in the text files.
0
 
LVL 39

Expert Comment

by:Aaron Tomosky
ID: 34957034
so the column with the data '1-spring-2010' is being used as a primary key (pk). A pk must be unique. So either you have two rows in the text file with that same data in that column, or you are not deleting the database or clearing out the tables inbetween imports. Your .sql file starts off with "drop database if exists University;" so I assume that one of the import files has duplicate information. Or you are just running the import part of the script and not the whole thing.
0
 

Author Comment

by:JCW2
ID: 34957073
What about the problem before that?

(I wrote:

I took a look, but I couldn't figure out what was missing in the load statement order at this point. Department.txt is loaded before Instructor.txt, and "Instructor" appears to depend on "Department".)
0
 

Author Comment

by:JCW2
ID: 34957351
I've just noticed "1,Spring,2010" is being interpreted as "1-spring-2010". How does that happen?
0
 

Author Comment

by:JCW2
ID: 34957661
The issue from last message is resolved.
0
 

Author Comment

by:JCW2
ID: 34957662
The issue from the last message is resolved.
0
 

Author Comment

by:JCW2
ID: 34957793
I'm sorry; I've missed one of your comments

"translation:
you can't add the row to the instructor table before his/her department exists in the department table"
0
 

Author Comment

by:JCW2
ID: 34958000
I don't understand what's causing the error.

Update:
drop database if exists University;

create database University;

use University;

create table department(

dept_name varchar(20),
building  varchar(15),
budget    numeric(12, 2) check (budget > 0),
primary key(dept_name),
index(dept_name)
);

create table instructor(

id varchar(20),
name varchar(20) not null,
dept_name varchar(20),
salary numeric(8, 2),
foreign key(dept_name) references department(dept_name)
    on delete set null,
primary key(id)
);

create table course(

course_id varchar(8),
title varchar(50),
dept_name varchar(20),
credits numeric(2,0) check (credits > 0),
foreign key(dept_name) references department(dept_name)
    on delete set null,
primary key(course_id)

);

create table classroom(

building varchar(15),
room_number varchar(7),
capacity numeric(4, 0),
primary key(building,room_number),
index(building), #new index
index(room_number) #new index
);


create table section(

course_id varchar(8),
sec_id varchar(8),
semester varchar(6),
year numeric(4,0),
building varchar(15),
room_number varchar(7),
time_slot_id varchar(4),

foreign key(course_id) references course(course_id)
    on delete cascade,
foreign key(building) references classroom(building)
    on delete set null,
foreign key(room_number) references classroom(room_number)
    on delete set null,
primary key(course_id,sec_id,semester,year),
#index(building),
#index(room_number),
index(course_id), #new index # doees it have anything to do with the indices?
index(sec_id), #new index
index(semester), #new index
index(year) #new index
);

create table teaches(

id varchar(20),
course_id varchar(8),
sec_id varchar(8),
semester varchar(6),
year numeric(4,0),


foreign key(course_id) references section(course_id) #department(sec_id) -> section(sec_id)
    on delete cascade,
foreign key(sec_id) references section(sec_id) #department(sec_id) -> section(sec_id)
    on delete cascade,
foreign key(semester) references section(semester) #department(sec_id) -> section(sec_id)
    on delete cascade,
foreign key(year) references section(year)
    on delete cascade,
foreign key(id) references instructor(id)
    on delete cascade,
primary key(id,course_id,sec_id,semester,year)
);



create table student(

id varchar(5),
name varchar(20) not null,
dept_name varchar(20),
tot_cred numeric(3,0),

    foreign key(dept_name) references department(dept_name)
        on delete set null,
index(id) #new index

);

create table advisor(

s_id varchar(5),
i_id varchar(5),

foreign key(i_id) references instructor(id)
    on delete set null,

foreign key(s_id) references student(id)
    on delete cascade,

primary key(s_id)
);

create table takes(

id varchar(5),
course_id varchar(8),
sec_id varchar(8),
semester varchar(6),
year numeric(4,0),
grade varchar(2),

    foreign key(course_id) references section(course_id)
        on delete cascade,

    foreign key(sec_id) references section(sec_id)
        on delete cascade,

    foreign key(semester) references section(semester)
        on delete cascade,

    foreign key(year) references section(year) #section(year) -> section(year)
        on delete cascade,

    foreign key(id) references student(id)
        on delete cascade,

    primary key(id,course_id,sec_id,semester,year)

);


create table prereq(

course_id varchar(8),
prereq_id varchar(8),


    foreign key(course_id) references course(course_id)
        on delete cascade,

    foreign key(prereq_id) references course(course_id),

    primary key(course_id,prereq_id)

);

create table timeslot(

time_slot_id varchar(5),
day2 varchar(1),
start_hr int,
start_min int,
end_hr int,
end_min int,

primary key(time_slot_id,day2,start_hr,start_min)	                                 	        	
);

load data infile 'i:/department.txt' into table department fields terminated by ',';
load data infile 'i:/course.txt' into table course fields terminated by ',';
load data infile 'i:/classroom.txt' into table classroom fields terminated by ',';
load data infile 'i:/section.txt' into table section fields terminated by ',';
load data infile 'i:/instructor.txt' into table instructor fields terminated by ',';
load data infile 'i:/teaches.txt' into table teaches fields terminated by ',';
load data infile 'i:/student.txt' into table student fields terminated by ',';
load data infile 'i:/advisor.txt' into table advisor fields terminated by ',';
load data infile 'i:/takes.txt' into table takes fields terminated by ',';
load data infile 'i:/prereq.txt' into table prereq fields terminated by ',';
load data infile 'i:/timeSlot.txt' into table timeSlot fields terminated by ',';

/* SQL Error (1452): Cannot add or update a child row: a foreign key constraint fails (`university`.`advisor`, CONSTRAINT `advisor_ibfk_2` FOREIGN KEY (`s_id`) REFERENCES `student` (`id`) ON DELETE CASCADE) */

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Author Closing Comment

by:JCW2
ID: 34958073
Thank you for your help.
0

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