Filter select option for state then suburb then postcode

Posted on 2011-02-22
Last Modified: 2012-05-11
Hello All,

I have a quick question with my website. I have a registration form which has the following drop down options:

- State (Australian States)
- Suburbs
- Postcodes

I need the Suburb to be filtered by the state, so if you select say NSW, the suburbs dropdown will then populate with all of the suburbs that are listed in the state NSW, then depending which suburb they choose it will display the postcode for that specific suburb. The postcode dropdown should be populated depending on the choice of suburb.

Here is my code currently, by I am confused with what to do next on how to get the above to work:

<td class="reg">State</td>
<td class="reg">
$state_query="select distinct(sp_state) from tbl_state_postals order by sp_state";
$state_result = mysql_query ($state_query);
echo '<select name=ddlState id=ddlState class=RegnForm><option value=0>Select State</option>';
echo "<option value=$nt[sp_state]>$nt[sp_state]</option>";
 if ($searchtypepropsearch == "ressale") { echo 'selected="selected"'; } else { echo ""; }
echo "</select>";
//echo $nt;

<td class="reg">Suburb</td>
<td class="reg">
$query="select sp_id,sp_suburbname from tbl_state_postals order by sp_suburbname";
$result = mysql_query ($query);
echo "<select name=ddlSuburb id=ddlSuburb class=RegnForm><option value=0>Select Suburb</option>";
echo "<option value=$nt[sp_suburbname]>$nt[sp_suburbname]</option>";
echo "</select>";

<td class="reg">Postcode</td>
<td class="reg">
$postcode_query="select sp_id,sp_postalcode from tbl_state_postals order by  sp_postalcode";
$postcode_result = mysql_query ($postcode_query);
echo "<select name=ddlPostcode id=ddlPostcode class=RegnForm><option value=0>Select Postcode</option>";
echo "<option value=$nt[sp_postalcode]>$nt[sp_postalcode]</option>";
echo "</select>";

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Thanks In Advance!
Question by:piixeldesigns
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Expert Comment

by:Ray Paseur
ID: 34951150
I'm not well familiar with Australian postcodes, but in the USA, a ZIP code is a similar thing.  We do not need to have the client enter a city and state if we have a ZIP code because it is a unique identifier of a postal carrier route, and can only exist in one city / state.  If you know ZIP code 20016 and 4101 Nebraska Avenue, you do not separately need to know Washington, DC.

If I were designing this, I would ask for the ZIP code first and use it to infer the city and state.  Maybe you could do something like that with your post codes.

Author Comment

ID: 34951195
I was thinking along this path but to preload all of the postcodes/zipcodes in Australia slows down my page by A LOT! hence why I was thinking of doing it the other way if possible?


Expert Comment

ID: 34951198
To poplute another selectbox from another you would need to submit the for or use ajax.  

I personaly like the use of javascript and ajax.
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Author Comment

ID: 34951256
That sounds great and I have seen some examples of this however I have some other fields above the state,suburb and postcodes so how do I submit the form if it already has a <form above?

I am just a little confused with how this should be setup?


Accepted Solution

jmsloan earned 500 total points
ID: 34951333
Here is a rough example of how I would do it.  Below it the html code and the code snipet is the php code.  


<title>test ajax</title>


<script language="javascript">
function getXmlHttpRequestObject() {
   if (window.XMLHttpRequest) {
      return new XMLHttpRequest();
   } else if(window.ActiveXObject) {
      return new ActiveXObject("Microsoft.XMLHTTP");
   } else {
      alert("Please upgrade your browser to gain full functionality.");
//Our XmlHttpRequest object
var AJAXObject = getXmlHttpRequestObject();

function ajaxcall(url,functionname){
   if (AJAXObject.readyState == 4 || AJAXObject.readyState == 0) {"GET", url, true);
      AJAXObject.onreadystatechange = functionname;

function changeCity(city){
   var url = "changecity.php?state="+city;

function getChangeCity(){
   if(AJAXObject.readyState == 4){
      document.getElementById('showcity').innerHTML = AJAXObject.responseText;


<select id='state' name='state' onChange='changeCity(this.value)'>
  <option value=''></option>
  <option value='CA'>California</option>
  <option value='TX'>Texas</option>

<span id='showcity'>
<select id='city' name='city'>



//$sql = "select city from city_table where state = '$_GET[state]'";

//hard code response you would supply this info from query
if($_GET[state] == "CA"){
   $main = "<select id='city' name='city'>
               <option name='Mission Viejo'>Mission Viejo</option>
               <option name='Santa Monica'>Santa Monica</option>
               <option name='West Covina'>West Covina</option>
   $main = "<select id='city' name='city'>
               <option name='Forth Worth'>Forth Worth</option>
               <option name='Houston'>Houston</option>
               <option name='Dallas'>Dallas</option>

echo $main;


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Author Closing Comment

ID: 34957854
Thanks for the help!!!

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