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Passing Database as Variable in Update Statement

Posted on 2011-02-22
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Last Modified: 2012-05-11
DECLARE @Databasename NameType
DECLARE @CurrentDB NameType

SELECT @Databasename = 'Dbase'
SELECT @CurrentDB = db_name()

UPDATE l_a
SET l_a.mrb_flag = l.mrb_flag
FROM [@CurrentDB].dbo.location_all l_a
INNER JOIN [@Databasename].dbo.location_all l ON l.loc = l_a.loc
Where l_a.loc ='Test1_sa'

Error : - Invalid object name '@CurrentDB.dbo.location_all'.
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Question by:SaiLoveAll
  • 3
  • 3
7 Comments
 
LVL 8

Expert Comment

by:rushShah
ID: 34953872
try this
DECLARE @Databasename NameType
DECLARE @CurrentDB NameType

SELECT @Databasename = 'Dbase'
SELECT @CurrentDB = db_name()

DECLARE @SQL VARCHAR(MAX)

SET @SQL = 'UPDATE l_a
SET l_a.mrb_flag = l.mrb_flag
FROM [' + @CurrentDB + '].dbo.location_all l_a
INNER JOIN [@Databasename].dbo.location_all l ON l.loc = l_a.loc
Where l_a.loc =''Test1_sa'''

EXEC (@SQL)

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LVL 32

Expert Comment

by:Ephraim Wangoya
ID: 34953926

You can not use a variable as a database name or table name in a from clause or join, you have to use dynamic sql in such a case
DECLARE @Databasename NameType
DECLARE @CurrentDB NameType
DECLARE @SQL varchar(max)

SELECT @Databasename = 'Dbase'
SELECT @CurrentDB = db_name()

set @SQL = 'UPDATE l_a '+ 
           'SET l_a.mrb_flag = l.mrb_flag ' +
           'FROM [' + @CurrentDB + '].dbo.location_all l_a ' +
           'INNER JOIN [' + @Databasename + '].dbo.location_all l ON l.loc = l_a.loc' +
           'Where l_a.loc = ''' + 'Test1_sa'''
EXEC(@SQL)

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LVL 32

Accepted Solution

by:
Ephraim Wangoya earned 500 total points
ID: 34953947
need space after 1_a.loc
DECLARE @Databasename NameType
DECLARE @CurrentDB NameType
DECLARE @SQL varchar(max)

SELECT @Databasename = 'Dbase'
SELECT @CurrentDB = db_name()

set @SQL = 'UPDATE l_a '+ 
           'SET l_a.mrb_flag = l.mrb_flag ' +
           'FROM [' + @CurrentDB + '].dbo.location_all l_a ' +
           'INNER JOIN [' + @Databasename + '].dbo.location_all l ON l.loc = l_a.loc ' +
           'Where l_a.loc = ''' + 'Test1_sa'''
EXEC(@SQL)

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Author Closing Comment

by:SaiLoveAll
ID: 34954587
Thanks a Lot. It worked
0
 

Author Comment

by:SaiLoveAll
ID: 34954835
Hi -

I was trying to do the same in a trigger after Insert. Where I am gettting Incorrect Syntax near i.

Can you figure out what is wrong at i ?

set @SQL ='UPDATE l_a '+
           'SET l_a.mrb_flag = l.mrb_flag ' +
           'FROM [' + @CurrentDB + '].dbo.location_all l_a ' +
           'INNER JOIN [' + @Databasename + '].dbo.location_all l ON l.RowPointer = l_a.RowPointer ' +
           'INNER JOIN inserted i ON l_a.RowPointer = i.RowPointer'+
               'WHERE i.site_ref = l.site_ref and i.loc = l.loc'
EXEC(@SQL)
0
 
LVL 32

Expert Comment

by:Ephraim Wangoya
ID: 34954892

need a space after rowpointer

set @SQL ='UPDATE l_a '+
           'SET l_a.mrb_flag = l.mrb_flag ' +
           'FROM [' + @CurrentDB + '].dbo.location_all l_a ' +
           'INNER JOIN [' + @Databasename + '].dbo.location_all l ON l.RowPointer = l_a.RowPointer ' +
           'INNER JOIN inserted i ON l_a.RowPointer = i.RowPointer  '+
           'WHERE i.site_ref = l.site_ref and i.loc = l.loc'
EXEC(@SQL)
0
 

Author Comment

by:SaiLoveAll
ID: 34955571
Now, It says :-

Invalid Object Name inserted.

But How can I Join without using Inserted , to get the Inserted row pulled in a After Insert Trigger.
0

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