strcat causing crash when concatenating char

Posted on 2011-02-23
Last Modified: 2012-05-11
void SteamID()
	FILE * pFile;
  long lSize;
  char * buffer;
  size_t result;

  pFile = fopen ( "c:\\program files\\steam\\steam.log" , "rb" );
  if (pFile==NULL) {fputs ("File error",stderr); exit (1);}

  fseek (pFile , 0 , SEEK_END);
  lSize = ftell (pFile);
  rewind (pFile);

  buffer = (char*) malloc (sizeof(char)*lSize);
  if (buffer == NULL) {fputs ("Memory error",stderr); exit (2);}

  result = fread (buffer,1,lSize,pFile);
  if (result != lSize) {fputs ("Reading error",stderr); exit (3);}

  fclose (pFile);
  char * pch;
  char finalsid[256] = {' \0 '};
  int i = 0;

  pch = strstr (buffer,"for ");
  for(i = 0; i < 256; ++i)

	if(pch[i] == '\n')
		//sprintf(finalsid, "%c", pch[i]);
		strcat(finalsid, (const char*)pch[i]);

  cout << finalsid;

Open in new window

As you can see I'm using strstr to locate a substring within a file and reading that substring byte by byte until I reach a new line. And as I do that I'm trying to concatenate a new char array with just the data I want. Debug reports back "Access Violation"

Note: sprintf() removed the crash, and concatenated the string successfully. but it added a null byte to the end (or something of that sort) rendering the final result useless.

Any help would be appreciated

Question by:JoeD77
LVL 17

Expert Comment

Comment Utility
Instead of the 256 in the for loop, it should be  the size of the pch.

Hope this helps
LVL 84

Expert Comment

Comment Utility
buffer and pch may not be null terminated
LVL 32

Accepted Solution

phoffric earned 250 total points
Comment Utility
The following discussion assumes that you understand pointers and arrays. For review, here is a tutorial:

malloc should make room for a terminating null byte.

After the fread, now ensure termination by adding the 0.

The loop is char oriented; but strcat is string oriented, so no loop needed.

pch is pointing to "for ...\n...."
To terminate the pch string, you could overwrite the newline. One way to do this is to define pch2 to point to the "\n..." within the string pointed to by pch. Then you can set that location to 0 so that pch is no longer including the "\n..."

Below is strcat example taken from

But since you are just concatentating a string to an empty string, you may as well use strcpy.

Also, in general, test for return values when calling library functions. If strstr does not find string, see Return Value to see how to detect that in:

/* strcat example */
#include <stdio.h>
#include <string.h>

int main ()
  char str[80];
  strcpy (str,"these ");
  strcat (str,"strings ");
  strcat (str,"are ");
  strcat (str,"concatenated.");
  puts (str);
  return 0;

Open in new window

Maximize Your Threat Intelligence Reporting

Reporting is one of the most important and least talked about aspects of a world-class threat intelligence program. Here’s how to do it right.


Assisted Solution

ssnkumar earned 250 total points
Comment Utility
> sprintf() removed the crash, and concatenated the string successfully
The way your are using sprintf() and strcat() are different.
If you had used sprintf() the same way as you had used strcat, that also would have crashed.
Try the following sprintf() and that will also crash the code:
sprintf(finalsid, "%s", (const char *)pch[i]);

Open in new window

The problem is, you are trying to convert "pch[ i ] which is, a character, to a string by casting it into (const char *).

So, the problem is not about strcat. It is the wrong way you are using to convert char to string.
Change your strcat() line to as shown below and that should solve the problem:
strncat((char *)finalsid, (const char*)pch + i, 1);

Open in new window

LVL 32

Expert Comment

Comment Utility
you could use stat function to retrieve file size before fopen:

#include <sys/stat.h>

    struct stat fileinfo;
    int filesize;
    if (stat("c:\\program files\\steam\\steam.log", &fileinfo) != 0)
         {fputs ("File error",stderr); exit (1);}
   filesize = fileinfo.st_size;

    pFile = fopen(....

then it seems you were using c++ compiler. if so you should prefer new over malloc, std::ifstream over FILE/fopen/fread, std::iostream over fprintf or fputs and std::string over char buffers and c string handliing.

for example
   std::ifstream file("c:\\program files\\steam\\steam.log". std::ios_base::binary | std::ios_base::in);

would open the file

   std::string buffer(filesize, '\0');

woulld create a buffer of needed size and[0], filesize);

would read whole file.


    int n1 = 0;
    int n2 = buffer.find("\r\n", n1);

you would find the position of end-of-line pair of a text line  (when n2 != std::string::npos)
and with

   std::string strline = buffer.substr(n1, n2-n1);

you would extract the substring.



Author Closing Comment

Comment Utility

fixed with:

  for(i = 0; i < 256; ++i)

      if(pch[i] == '\n')
            strncpy((char*)finalbuff, (const char*)finalsid, strlen(finalsid) -1);
            //cout << finalbuff;

            strncat((char *)finalsid, (const char*)pch + i, 1);


now I have a new problem trying to return "finalbuff", it outputs gibberish in another function.

Will ask a new question for that.

Featured Post

How to improve team productivity

Quip adds documents, spreadsheets, and tasklists to your Slack experience
- Elevate ideas to Quip docs
- Share Quip docs in Slack
- Get notified of changes to your docs
- Available on iOS/Android/Desktop/Web
- Online/Offline

Join & Write a Comment

When writing generic code, using template meta-programming techniques, it is sometimes useful to know if a type is convertible to another type. A good example of when this might be is if you are writing diagnostic instrumentation for code to generat…
C++ Properties One feature missing from standard C++ that you will find in many other Object Oriented Programming languages is something called a Property (…
The goal of the video will be to teach the user the concept of local variables and scope. An example of a locally defined variable will be given as well as an explanation of what scope is in C++. The local variable and concept of scope will be relat…
The viewer will learn how to user default arguments when defining functions. This method of defining functions will be contrasted with the non-default-argument of defining functions.

763 members asked questions and received personalized solutions in the past 7 days.

Join the community of 500,000 technology professionals and ask your questions.

Join & Ask a Question

Need Help in Real-Time?

Connect with top rated Experts

6 Experts available now in Live!

Get 1:1 Help Now