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VLAN and cisco swtches question

On a typical cisco 2960, I am trying to understand how to program it.  First of all what is a vLAN and what is the purpose of programming a switch with a vLAN?
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al4629740
Asked:
al4629740
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2 Solutions
 
rfc1180Commented:
The acronym VLAN expands to a Virtual Local Area Network. A VLAN is a logical local area network (or LAN) that extends beyond a single traditional LAN to a group of LAN segments, given specific configurations. A VLAN is a logical entity, its creation and configuration is done completely in software. Think of 2 separate VLANs as 2 separate switches not connected to each other with each switch connected to a router for physical separation from a layer 3 prespective.

Here is a simple config for your switch:


!
vlan 10
name network1
!
vlan 20
name network2
!
interface GigabitEthernet0/1
 switchport access vlan 10
 switchport mode access
 no shut
!
interface GigabitEthernet0/2
 switchport access vlan 20
 switchport mode access
 no shut
!
interface Vlan1
 description management
 ip address 192.168.1.10 255.255.255.0
 no ip route-cache
 no shut

Billy
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al4629740Author Commented:
So if  I had phones and computers hooked up exclusively on this switch, would the programming be different for each port?
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rfc1180Commented:
>So if  I had phones and computers hooked up exclusively on this switch, would the programming be different for each port?

By design, you should have the phones separated from the rest of the network, so yes, the programming would be different for switchports:

!
vlan 10
name LAN
!
vlan 20
name VoIP


interface GigabitEthernet0/1
 description computer1
 switchport access vlan 10
 switchport mode access
 no shut
!
interface GigabitEthernet0/2
 description computer2
 switchport access vlan 10
 switchport mode
!
interface GigabitEthernet0/1
 description phone1
 switchport access vlan 20
 switchport mode access
 no shut
!
interface GigabitEthernet0/3
 description phone2
 switchport access vlan 20
 switchport mode
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al4629740Author Commented:
so if i understand your programming.

You essentially made two vlans.  One for data and one for voice.

interface 1 and 3 are for phones and 1 and 2 are for computers?

The ports can be dual setup for both phone and computer?

Also what is the statement "switchport access vlan 20" doing?
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rfc1180Commented:
sorry, no, effects of copy and paste and not paying attention

interface GigabitEthernet0/1
 description computer1
 switchport access vlan 10
 switchport mode access
 no shut
!
interface GigabitEthernet0/2
 description computer2
 switchport access vlan 10
 switchport mode
!
interface GigabitEthernet0/3
 description phone1
 switchport access vlan 20
 switchport mode access
 no shut
!
interface GigabitEthernet0/4
 description phone2
 switchport access vlan 20
 switchport mode

switchport access vlan x is assigning a vlan to the switchport

Billy
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diepesCommented:
al4629740:
>> so if i understand your programming.
>> You essentially made two vlans.  One for data and one for voice.
Yes split the switch, all ports with "switchport access vlan10" can see each other and used for computers, you need a router in this vlan as the gateway.

>>interface 1 and 3 are for phones and 1 and 2 are for computers?
yes for example above

>>The ports can be dual setup for both phone and computer?
Yes on cisco switch with cisco phone
Config a port with
  switchport access vlan 10
  switchport voice vlan 20
this will put the port into vlan10, when a cisco phone connects and the switch recognizes the phone, it will run a trunk port to the phone, carrying vlan 10 and 20, and the phone will then connect to the pc and put the pc traffic on the cable to the switch as vlan 10.

>> Also what is the statement "switchport access vlan 20" doing?
adding the port into vlan20 ( think of it as virtual switch 20)
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