FileOutputStream can't create file

Hi,

I am using the attached code to create a file, but exception was thrown out:

"The system cannot find the path specified"

This is the file I wanted to create:

c:/crawl_data/2011-02-27/guansheng/1233445dfaf+guansheng+T¿+2011-02-27_10-42-05+1.html

I also try to create the directory "c:/crawl_data/2011-02-27/guansheng/" first, but I can't create the directory with the second code piece.

I also did some research that I need to create the file before I use FileOutputStream to write to it. Is it true? How can I create and write to a file on the fly?

Thanks



String base_dir="c:/crawl_data/";
		String dir=ts.substring(0, 10)+"/"+domain+"/";
		String filename=code+"+"+domain+"+"+prod+"+"+ts+"+"+order+".html";
		try {
			byte[] utf8 = content.getBytes("UTF-8");
			File afile = new File(base_dir+dir+filename);
			System.out.println(base_dir+dir+filename);
			if(!afile.exists()){
				if(afile.createNewFile()){
					FileOutputStream out = new FileOutputStream(afile);
					out.write(utf8);
					out.close();
				}
			}
			
		} catch (UnsupportedEncodingException e) {
			System.out.println("UTF-8¿¿¿¿:code="+code+ "\n"+e.getMessage());
			return false;
		} catch (FileNotFoundException e) {
			System.out.println("¿¿¿¿¿:code="+code+ "\n"+e.getMessage());
			return false;
		} catch (IOException e) {
			System.out.println("IO¿¿:code="+code + "\n"+e.getMessage());
			return false;
		}

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String dir = "c:/crawl_data/2011-02-27/guansheng/";
if((new File(dir)).mkdir()){
   System.out.println("done");
}

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wsyyAsked:
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for_yanConnect With a Mentor Commented:
I'm not sure you can have the afile.mkdirs() and point output stream to FileOutputStream(afile)

afile.mksdirs() - here afile should be directory

output stream should be directed to the file so you need to create file form the directory string + filename

so if  String f is the name of the fiolder, then f.mkdirs() will create the folder.
but File f1 shoulde be f1 = new File(f + Systsem.getProperty("file.separator') + n); where n - is the name of the actual file.

There may be also other reasons, but this is waht comes immediately when I looked at your code
 


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for_yanCommented:
I guess, that means that you don't have upper folders in existyence.
If you use mkdirs() instead of mkdir() it will create all upper folders which are ecessary simpulatenoisly
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for_yanCommented:
However if you believe that upper path, say c:/crawl_data/2011-02-27/ should already be in existence, then
it is worth investigating more why such error appears before you use mkdirs() instead of mkdir()
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for_yanCommented:
If your path to the folder where you want to place your output file exists, then you don't need to create file in a special operator- just
writing through FileoutputStream should be enough. If the folder itself does not exist - it will thow an exception, but if the folder exists - file
willbe created on the fly
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wsyyAuthor Commented:
for_yan, the directories are not in existent beforehand.

I change my code as below:

if(!afile.exists()){
                        if(afile.mkdirs()){
                              FileOutputStream out = new FileOutputStream(afile);
                              out.write(utf8);
                              out.close();
                        }
                  }

Note please that I now use mkdirs(). This time an FileNotFoundException exception was thrown out, together with "Access denied" info.

Why these two can be thrown out together? which is the main reason?
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wsyyAuthor Commented:
for_yan, you are right. I need to separate the directory from the file.

one last question: how can I specify the read-only permission to the newly created file? Is it something that can be done by Java?
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wsyyAuthor Commented:
the example shows how to set permission to a folder, right? how can i set it on file level?
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wsyyAuthor Commented:
in addition, when i changed my code as follow:

File afile = new File(dir);
                  if(!afile.exists()){
                        if(afile.mkdirs()){
                              File f = new File(dir+filename);
                              f.setReadOnly();
                              FileOutputStream out = new FileOutputStream(f);
                              out.write(utf8);
                              out.close();
                        }
                  }

I can still modify and save the file which is supposed to be read-only.
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for_yanCommented:

No, the API implies that in this case it should work in the same format for both File and Directory
http://download.oracle.com/javase/1.5.0/docs/api/java/io/File.html#setReadOnly%28%29

Still I guess how well it works  very much depends on the underlying OS.
Check, in you case and if it does not work, then on Unix system
you can use the system command chmod, through the call like Runtime.getRuntime().exec("chmod...") from your java code
Perhaps there is something similar on Windows also
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