SQL Express query question. I have a field in a table that says NULL, I need that to be changed to a date. My query process but doesn't make the change.

I have a problem with a sql table.  It has date field in about 200 of 2000 records.  I don't know how it happened yet, but to correct the problem so work can conntinue I need to do two things.
1. Update the 200 records to have the correct date.  
2. Empty another table so all 2000 records can be processed through without duplication.

My query to change the field from NULL to the date is "UPDATE Usage SET TransDate='2011-03-01 00:00:00.000' WHERE TransDate=NULL"  This query processes but says no records processed.  I need assistance with this query.

I also need assistance correctly emptying a table.  All data in my arimporttable needs to be emptied.  

I do not usually write the queries, this is an urgent fix needed and I need some assistance.

Thank you, Sharon

LVL 1
SharonStysAsked:
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Carl TawnConnect With a Mentor Systems and Integration DeveloperCommented:
Yes. TRUNCATE is faster, but is only an option if there is no key field on the table.
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Carl TawnSystems and Integration DeveloperCommented:
Try:
UPDATE Usage SET TransDate='2011-03-01 00:00:00.000' WHERE TransDate IS NULL

Open in new window

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SharonStysAuthor Commented:
Carl,  I cannot see the completed response.  This is all I see on the answer you sent

1:
 UPDATE Usage SET TransDate='2011-03-01 00:00:00.000' WHERE TransDate  

Can you send again?
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Carl TawnSystems and Integration DeveloperCommented:
Ok, try this:
UPDATE Usage SET TransDate='2011-03-01 00:00:00.000' WHERE TransDate IS NULL 

Open in new window

If you still can't see it, the basic jist is that you need to use "TransDate IS NULL" rather than "TransDate = NULL".

NULL is a non-value so a standard test for equality doesn't work, so you need to use the "IS" keyword instead.
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JaccoCommented:
Any comparison against NULL will result in false.

So:

NULL = NULL
NULL = field
field = NULL

Will always render false. (Also with other comparison operators <= < > >= <>)

The only way to check for NULL values is use the keyword "IS".
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SharonStysAuthor Commented:
I still could not not see your response in the comment box, but I did see it where you wrote it.  That did the trick for me Thanks.

You did not answer my second issue about how to empty a table.  I have an arimport table that only holds things to be imported.  1500 of the 2000 records posted to the import table.  I need to empty that so all 2000 post at the same time.  What is the standard format for a query to empty a table

Empty arimport?
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Carl TawnSystems and Integration DeveloperCommented:
DELETE FROM YourTable

Or, if there is no key field on the table you can use:

TRUNCATE TABLE YourTable
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SharonStysAuthor Commented:
This empties all records from the table?
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SharonStysAuthor Commented:
All comments on this question from Carl were great help and quickly offered.  Very helpful
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SharonStysAuthor Commented:
Thank you so much for this assistance.
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JaccoCommented:
Note: using truncate will reset any identity field counter!
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LFLFMCommented:
you cannot compare NULL values with the equal sign...
you must use the keyword "IS"

example:
UPDATE mytable
SET myfield='something'
WHERE mydate is null
AND myotherfield is not null

Open in new window


To completelly empty a table you should use truncate because
a. it is MUCH faster (MUCH, MUCH faster)... MUCH  ;-)
b. it will not fill up your db's log files

In some cases TRUNCATE is not an option, when that is the case, and you need to delete manymany rows, you have to loop through the table, send DELETE statements and commit (if you are using transactions, and you should) every few hundred rows.

Just be careful, TRUNCATE cannot be rolled back
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SharonStysAuthor Commented:
I appreciate all the assistance, the original answers solved my immediate problem.  You all are so great.
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