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ASP.NET -- insert into multiple tables

Posted on 2011-03-01
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Last Modified: 2012-06-21
I have the following code that inserts form values into a single table.   How can I insert into multiple tables?    If, for example, I had a field called address1 that I wanted to insert into the address table from the same form, how do I set that up in the InsertCommand, or can I even do that?
<asp:SqlDataSource ID="SqlDataSource1" runat="server" 
                ConnectionString="<%$ ConnectionStrings:KartrisSQLConnection %>" 
                DeleteCommand="DELETE FROM [tblDCPersonTest] WHERE [pers_personid] = @pers_personid" 
                InsertCommand="INSERT INTO [tblDCPersonTest] ([pers_firstname], [pers_middlename], [pers_lastname], [pers_ssn], [pers_dob], [pers_phonehome], [pers_phonework]) VALUES (@pers_firstname, @pers_middlename, @pers_lastname, @pers_ssn, @pers_dob, @pers_phonehome, @pers_phonework)" 
                SelectCommand="SELECT [pers_firstname], [pers_middlename], [pers_lastname], [pers_ssn], [pers_dob], [pers_phonehome], [pers_phonework], [pers_personid] FROM [tblDCPersonTest]" 
                UpdateCommand="UPDATE [tblDCPersonTest] SET [pers_firstname] = @pers_firstname, [pers_middlename] = @pers_middlename, [pers_lastname] = @pers_lastname, [pers_ssn] = @pers_ssn, [pers_dob] = @pers_dob, [pers_phonehome] = @pers_phonehome, [pers_phonework] = @pers_phonework WHERE [pers_personid] = @pers_personid">

                <InsertParameters>
                    <asp:Parameter Name="pers_firstname" Type="String" />
                    <asp:Parameter Name="pers_middlename" Type="String" />
                    <asp:Parameter Name="pers_lastname" Type="String" />
                    <asp:Parameter Name="pers_ssn" Type="String" />
                    <asp:Parameter Name="pers_dob" Type="String" />
                    <asp:Parameter Name="pers_phonehome" Type="String" />
                    <asp:Parameter Name="pers_phonework" Type="String" />
                    <asp:Parameter Name="pers_personid" Type="Object" />
                </InsertParameters>
</sqldatasource>

                        <asp:FormView ID="FormView1" runat="server" DataSourceId="SqlDataSource1" DataKeyNames="pers_personid" DefaultMode="Insert">
                            <InsertItemTemplate> 
                            First Name: <asp:TextBox ID="pers_firstname" runat="server" Text='<%# Bind("pers_firstname") %>'></asp:TextBox><br />
                            Last Name: <asp:TextBox ID="pers_lastname" runat="server" Text='<%# Bind("pers_lastname") %>'></asp:TextBox><br />
                            <div class="submitbuttons">
                            <asp:Button CssClass="button" ID="butSubmit" runat="server" CommandName="Insert" Text="<%$ Resources: Kartris, FormButton_Submit %>" />
                            </div>
                            </InsertItemTemplate>
                        </asp:FormView>

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Question by:saturation
4 Comments
 
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devlab2012 earned 500 total points
ID: 35013869
create a stored procedure and use that stored procedure as InsertCommand. For example:

InsertCommand = "Exec sp_InsertMultipleTb @pers_firstname, @pers_middlename"

This sp will accept the parameters as you are passing to existing Insert Into command. In this sp you can write code to insert records into multiple tables or do whatever you want to. Hope this will give you some idea.
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LVL 11

Expert Comment

by:SAMIR BHOGAYTA
ID: 35013976
Hi, try this example

USE YourDB
GO
INSERT INTO MyTable  (FirstCol, SecondCol)
        VALUES ('First',1);
INSERT INTO MyTable  (FirstCol, SecondCol)
        VALUES ('Second',2);
INSERT INTO MyTable  (FirstCol, SecondCol)
        VALUES ('Third',3);
INSERT INTO MyTable  (FirstCol, SecondCol)
        VALUES ('Fourth',4);
INSERT INTO MyTable  (FirstCol, SecondCol)
        VALUES ('Fifth',5);
GO
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Author Comment

by:saturation
ID: 35014133
Is there a better way to do this?   I understand the stored procedure example, I'm just unfamiliar with "best processes" for .NET.
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LVL 18

Expert Comment

by:Jerry Miller
ID: 35014201
Stored procedures is the best way to insert the records. This lets the db do the db work and the web server do its thing.

If your database is normalized properly, you wouldn't be inserting the same information across multiple tables. The address would be in the address table only and a reference number to it in the person table.

http://databases.about.com/od/specificproducts/a/normalization.htm
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