Solved

sql transaction in bash linux

Posted on 2011-03-02
6
1,475 Views
Last Modified: 2012-05-11
Hi,
I have a function in shell script which executes sql statements.
I want to use transactions for it.

function()
{
Begin transaction # i want SQL equivalent of this in shell scripting

source /etc/ipaccess/omcr-server/ipaccess-omcr;
mysql -u${MYSQL_ROOT_USER} -p${MYSQL_ROOT_PASSWORD} -e "Delete from omcr.AlarmNotification where alarmLifecycleId=50;"
 
commit transaction # i want SQL equivalent of this in shell scripting
}

How to execute the lines for "Begin transaction" and "commit"?????????
0
Comment
Question by:pvinodp
6 Comments
 
LVL 1

Assisted Solution

by:RealRaven
RealRaven earned 100 total points
Comment Utility
Sorry, I don't think that is possible. Each connection to mysql will loose it's transactions on disconnect and it's not possible to first start a transaction, then connect again and do something and then connect a third time and do commit or rollback.

But if your example is complete and all you want to do is run ONE delete you'll have an automatic transaction around it whether you like it or not.
0
 

Author Comment

by:pvinodp
Comment Utility
hi raven
the function() contains multiple SQL statements.
0
 
LVL 68

Assisted Solution

by:woolmilkporc
woolmilkporc earned 50 total points
Comment Utility
You could put all your statements (including begin/commit) into a textfile to be read by mysql, like

mysql -u${MYSQL_ROOT_USER} -p${MYSQL_ROOT_PASSWORD} < /text/file

wmp
0
Control application downtime with dependency maps

Visualize the interdependencies between application components better with Applications Manager's automated application discovery and dependency mapping feature. Resolve performance issues faster by quickly isolating problematic components.

 
LVL 1

Expert Comment

by:RealRaven
Comment Utility
As woolmilkporc points out a script file is always possible but it doesn't look like a good solution in this case.

You would have to write to a temporary file, send that to mysql and then delete it. It's possible but not pretty.
0
 
LVL 3

Accepted Solution

by:
mwiercin earned 350 total points
Comment Utility
Hi,

The simplest way would be to concatenate all the queries together delimited with semi colon (you can also USE mysql's DELIMITER keyword to  change it).  You can use a temp file for doing so, or combine use of SOURCE  command, i.e.

$ mysql -u${MYSQL_ROOT_USER} -p${MYSQL_ROOT_PASSWORD} -e "BEGIN; SOURCE /etc/ipaccess/omcr-server/ipaccess-omcr; Delete from omcr.AlarmNotification where alarmLifecycleId=50; COMMIT;"

Open in new window


If you want to maintain more control over execution, (named) pipes would be the way to go.

One way communication using a pipe:

$ (echo "SELECT NOW(); SELECT CONNECTION_ID(); "; sleep 1; echo "SELECT NOW();SELECT CONNECTION_ID();" ) | mysql
NOW()
2011-03-03 13:20:13
CONNECTION_ID()
2865
NOW()
2011-03-03 13:20:14
CONNECTION_ID()
2865

Open in new window


Named pipes (mypipe being MySQL entry, outpipe - output).:
$ cat mypipe |  mysql  > outpipe &
[1] 17660
$ echo "SELECT NOW();" > mypipe; cat outpipe;
NOW()
2011-03-03 13:30:03
[1]+  Done                    cat mypipe | mysql > outpipe
$

Open in new window


You can also use socat in similar manner as above.

I don't recommend making it too complicated as handling both output and input  streams in bash will mean that you are effectively implementing your own database driver, thus if you need more control it's better to use a proper driver (mean switch to Perl/PHP/Python/Ruby etc.).
0
 

Author Closing Comment

by:pvinodp
Comment Utility
Thanks all.
Finally i did put in the solution by mwiercin :

$ mysql -u${MYSQL_ROOT_USER} -p${MYSQL_ROOT_PASSWORD} -e "BEGIN; SOURCE /etc/ipaccess/omcr-server/ipaccess-omcr; Delete from omcr.AlarmNotification where alarmLifecycleId=50; COMMIT;"
[/code]
0

Featured Post

Top 6 Sources for Identifying Threat Actor TTPs

Understanding your enemy is essential. These six sources will help you identify the most popular threat actor tactics, techniques, and procedures (TTPs).

Join & Write a Comment

Utilizing an array to gracefully append to a list of EmailAddresses
Creating and Managing Databases with phpMyAdmin in cPanel.
Learn several ways to interact with files and get file information from the bash shell. ls lists the contents of a directory: Using the -a flag displays hidden files: Using the -l flag formats the output in a long list: The file command gives us mor…
This demo shows you how to set up the containerized NetScaler CPX with NetScaler Management and Analytics System in a non-routable Mesos/Marathon environment for use with Micro-Services applications.

771 members asked questions and received personalized solutions in the past 7 days.

Join the community of 500,000 technology professionals and ask your questions.

Join & Ask a Question

Need Help in Real-Time?

Connect with top rated Experts

7 Experts available now in Live!

Get 1:1 Help Now