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How to block websites

Posted on 2011-03-10
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Last Modified: 2012-05-11
I work for a midsize company and would like to know how to block XXX websites, so users cannot go to them from inside the company LAN?
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Question by:JFrusci
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by:Bawer
ID: 35098284
I suggest that you use MS TMG 2010 for such purposes, however if you are looking for the open source software, then you can go for IPCOP and CYBEROM.

TMG is great because MS is specifically looking on the requirements of its customers.
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by:JFrusci
ID: 35098299
What would be the simplest way to do this?
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Roachy1979 earned 500 total points
ID: 35098476
OpenDNS will do this, and it's simple to set up.

Just sign up and point forwarders (if using an internal DNS server) to the OpenDNS servers  (http://www.opendns.com/start/), or point the forwarder in your router if not using a server.

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by:dmf415
ID: 35098508
If your looking for simple you may want to purchase a hardware appliance that goes between the outside world and your LAN.  http://www.bluecoat.com/products/webfilter
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by:pfrancois
ID: 35112143
Every company has some unused older PC. Put a second network interface in it, install some "ready to go filtering firewall", and plug it between your router and your LAN.

There are plenty of open source "ready to go filtering firewalls":

IPCop (see above): http://www.ipcop.org/
Smoothwall (very similar to IPCop): http://www.smoothwall.org/
Untangle (heavier hardware needed): http://www.smoothwall.org/
etc.

No need for proprietary software for blocking websites.

If you choose OpenDNS it will require additional settings of the router, otherwise, it is VERY easy to bypass.
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by:dmf415
ID: 35113078
fyi: no offense intended.  an old pc may not be what you want to use for a corporate network. Just my 2 cents. =D
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by:pfrancois
ID: 35115573
@dmf415: no problem for putting the firewall software on new hardware. The old PC can help to implement a prototype and to estimate the CPU power and disk capacity needed, which is absolutely minimalistic: you have to see it for believing it.
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by:xylog
ID: 35192382
If you are looking for a commercial solution websense, ironport and blue coat the three market leaders in Secure Web Gateway solutions - basically filtering proxy aapliances. If you want to roll your own you can use squid with open source categories.
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by:pfrancois
ID: 35194485
IPCop includes squid.
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by:pfrancois
ID: 35214127
Just selecting OpenDNS as DNS server is VERY easy to bypass. You need to configure your router for blocking the access to any DNS server different from these of OpenDNS.
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by:Roachy1979
ID: 35221670
With a sane network security policy though it's a sane solution. Personally I use a combination of transparent squid & a linux firewall with acl's - for an extra layer of control I'd also consider port based security.

The question though was to provide a simple solution - and as long as users don't have local administrator rights a simple dns enforcement would do the job; -)
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by:pfrancois
ID: 35230471
@Roachy1979: I understand your statement and I use to give OpenDNS as a solution for basic MS-Windows users.

I only hope JFrusci doesn't give administrator rights to his Windows users, but in a lot of companies, they have, and mainly if they plug their own laptop into the LAN. I hope also they have a "sane network security policy", but I fear they even don't know what this does mean.
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