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CSS Horizontal image menu with transparent images

Posted on 2011-03-14
16
588 Views
Last Modified: 2013-11-19
Hello experts.
I have created a horizontal image menu with different images for each li tag.
The problem is that i must use transparent images to keep the background.
So i did delete the text inside the a tags for the links and now the links don't work.
Any help to solve this?
<style type="text/css">
.loadnavbar {margin: 0;padding: 0;list-style: none;background: transparent;}
.loadnavbar li {padding: 0;margin: 0;height: 21px;margin-right: 1em;list-style: none;background-repeat: no-repeat;}
.loadnavbar li a, .loadnavbar li a:visited {display: inline;text-decoration: none;text-indent: -9999px;height: 39px;background-repeat: no-repeat;}
.home {background-image: url(style/images/menu/home.png);width: 83px;}
.home a {background-image: url(style/images/menu/home.png);}
.loginmenu {background-image: url(style/images/menu/login.png); width: 99px;}
.loginmenu a {background-image: url(style/images/menu/login.png);}
.shopcart {background-image: url(style/images/menu/shopcard.png); width: 173px;}
.shopcart a {background-image: url(style/images/menu/shopcard.png);}
.logout {background-image: url(style/images/menu/logout.png); width: 93px;}
.logout a {background-image: url(style/images/menu/logout.png);}
.myaccount {background-image: url(style/images/menu/myaccount.png); width: 202px;}
.myaccount a {background-image: url(style/images/menu/myaccount.png);}
ul.loadnavbar li a:hover {background: none;}
.loadnavbar li {float: left;}
.loadnavbar:after {content: "."; display: block; height: 0; clear: both; visibility: hidden;}
</style>
<ul class="loadnavbar">
<li class="home"><a href="#"></a></li>
<li class="shopcart"><a href="#"></a></li>
<li class="loginmenu"><a href="#"></a></li>
</ul>

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Question by:Panos
16 Comments
 
LVL 20

Expert Comment

by:Mark Brady
ID: 35132729
You could try background-color:transparent in place of background:transparent and see if that works?
0
 
LVL 2

Author Comment

by:Panos
ID: 35132774
Hi
the result is the same
0
 
LVL 20

Expert Comment

by:Mark Brady
ID: 35133017
Can you show a screenshot of what happens when you put the link text back in? not <a href=# but put the proper links back in so they work and show the result.
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LVL 20

Expert Comment

by:Mark Brady
ID: 35133043
Also, put quotes arounf the background image names like this

.home a {
background-image: url("style/images/menu/home.png");
}
0
 
LVL 2

Author Comment

by:Panos
ID: 35133124
Below code and screenshot
<style type="text/css">
.loadnavbar {margin: 0;padding: 0;list-style: none;background-color:transparent;}
.loadnavbar li {padding: 0;margin: 0;height: 21px;margin-right: 1em;list-style: none;background-repeat: no-repeat;}
.loadnavbar li a, .loadnavbar li a:visited {display: inline;text-decoration: none;text-indent: -9999px;height: 39px;background-repeat: no-repeat;}
.home {background-image: url(style/images/menu/home_new.png);width: 65px;}
.home a {background-image: url(style/images/menu/home_new.png);}
.loginmenu {background-image: url(style/images/menu/login_new.png); width: 66px;}
.loginmenu a {background-image: url(style/images/menu/login_new.png);}
ul.loadnavbar li a:hover {background: none;}
.loadnavbar li {float: left;}
.loadnavbar:after {content: "."; display: block; height: 0; clear: both; visibility: hidden;}
</style>
<ul class="loadnavbar">
<li class="home"><a href="#">Home</a></li>
<li class="loginmenu"><a href="#">LogIn</a></li>
</ul>

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menu.gif
0
 
LVL 2

Author Comment

by:Panos
ID: 35133136
The quotes did 'nt solve the problem
0
 
LVL 20

Accepted Solution

by:
Mark Brady earned 167 total points
ID: 35133386
Ok try this. Remove the links alltogether and just set some javascript to do your navigation.

<li class="home"><a href="#">Home</a></li>

change to

<li class="home" onclick="nav('home')"></li>

Now you should have the image for home displayed correct? Here's the javascript.

<script language="javascript">
function nav(loc)
{
var page = loc + '.php';
if(loc != ''){
window.location = page;
}else{
exit();
}
}
</script>

Now when they click the div or li element it should navigate to your page. Change the function to suit your pages (.php or .html) etc... Do you follow?
0
 
LVL 2

Author Comment

by:Panos
ID: 35133484
Well it is working but i  prefer a css solution elvin66.
I will wait a little more.Thank you so far.
0
 
LVL 20

Expert Comment

by:Mark Brady
ID: 35134049
ok
0
 
LVL 83

Assisted Solution

by:Dave Baldwin
Dave Baldwin earned 167 total points
ID: 35143056
The original problem is that without any content in the link, there is nothing to click on.  CSS can't fix that except as @elvin66 has suggested.  The common solution to this is to put a transparent gif in the link to give it some size that you can click on.  The problem of course is that the image has to be the right size for the background and link spacing.
<li class="home"><a href="#"><img src="transparent.gif" width="44" height="20" /></a></li>

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LVL 26

Assisted Solution

by:EddieShipman
EddieShipman earned 166 total points
ID: 35143365
What you have to do is set text-indent to get the text off the screen. Here's how I do mine:
      <div id="navigation">
        <ul id="menu">
          <li class="home"><a href="index.php">Home</a></li>
          <li class="about"><a href="aboutus.php">About</a></li>
          <li class="contact"><a href="contact.php">Contact</a></li>
          <li class="advertise"><a href="advertise.php">Advertise</a></li>
          <li class="terms"><a href="termsofuse.php">Terms</a></li>
          <li class="sitemap"><a href="sitemap.php">sitemap</a></li>
          <li class="login"><a href="#" id="login_btn">login</a></li>
          <li class="signup"><a href="register.php">Signup</a></li>
        </ul>
      </div>

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CSS:
ul#menu{margin:0; padding:0; list-style:none;}
#menu li{overflow:hidden; text-indent:-9999px; display:inline; float:left; margin-right:4px;}
#menu li a{background:url('../images/nav_btns.png') no-repeat; width:100%; height:100%; display:block;}
/*
  I use a "sprite" consisting of all my buttons in one image.
Home: 0
About: 72
Contact:163
Advertise:265
Terms:358
Sitemap:471
Login:555
Signup:642
*/

/* Home Button */
#menu li.home{width:66px; height:25px;}
#menu li.home a{background-position:0px 0px;}
#menu li.home a:hover{background-position:0px -28px;}

/* About Button */
#menu li.about{width:85px; height:25px;}
#menu li.about a{background-position:-72px 0px;}
#menu li.about a:hover{background-position:-72px -28px;}

/* Contact Button */
#menu li.contact{width:96px; height:25px;}
#menu li.contact a{background-position:-162px 0px;}
#menu li.contact a:hover{background-position:-162px -28px;}

/* Advertise Button */
#menu li.advertise{width:87px; height:25px;}
#menu li.advertise a{background-position:-264px 0px;}
#menu li.advertise a:hover{background-position:-264px -28px;}

/* Terms Button */
#menu li.terms{width:107px; height:25px;}
#menu li.terms a{background-position:-357px 0px;}
#menu li.terms a:hover{background-position:-357px -28px;}

/* Sitemap Button */
#menu li.sitemap{width:79px; height:25px;}
#menu li.sitemap a{background-position:-470px 0px;}
#menu li.sitemap a:hover{background-position:-470px -28px;}

/* Login Button */
#menu li.login{width:82px; height:25px;}
#menu li.login a{background-position:-554px 0px;}
#menu li.login a:hover{background-position:-554px -28px;}

/* Logout Button */
#menu li.logout{width:61px; height:25px;}
#menu li.logout a{background-position:-642px 0px;}
#menu li.logout a:hover{background-position:-642px -28px;}

/* Signup Button */
#menu li.signup{width:78px; height:25px;}
#menu li.signup a{background-position:-708px 0px;}
#menu li.signup a:hover{background-position:-708px -28px;}

/* Account Button */
#menu li.account{width:80px; height:25px;}
#menu li.account a{background-position:-793px 0px;}
#menu li.account a:hover{background-position:-793px -28px;}

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0
 
LVL 2

Author Comment

by:Panos
ID: 35143380
Hi.
I tested your code but i have a problem.I have double text (see screen below) and on hover the text second (down) is gone away.
<style type="text/css">
.loadnavbar {margin: 0;padding: 0;list-style: none;background-color:transparent;}
.loadnavbar li {padding: 0;margin: 0;height: 11px;margin-right: 1em;list-style: none;background-repeat: no-repeat;}
.loadnavbar li a, .loadnavbar li a:visited {display: inline;text-decoration: none;text-indent: -9999px;height: 11px;background-repeat: no-repeat;}
.home {background-image: url("style/images/menu/testhome.png");width: 40px; border:0;}
.home a {background-image: url("style/images/menu/testhome.png");}
ul.loadnavbar li a:hover {background: none;}
.loadnavbar li {float: left;}
.loadnavbar:after {content: "."; display: block; height: 0; clear: both; visibility: hidden;}
</style>
<ul class="loadnavbar">
<li class="home"><a href="#"><img src="style/images/menu/test_homeback.gif" border="0" width="40" height="11"/></a></li>
</ul>

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hometest.gif
homehover.gif
0
 
LVL 2

Author Comment

by:Panos
ID: 35145044
OK i got it.
I add a heigth to the a tag and no-repeat and it is working:
.home {background-image: url("style/images/menu/testhome.png"); width: 40px;  }
.home a {background-image: url("style/images/menu/testhome.png")no-repeat;height:11px;}
0
 
LVL 2

Author Closing Comment

by:Panos
ID: 35145064
Thank you all for your help
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