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Verify Date = First or Last day of month

Posted on 2011-03-15
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Last Modified: 2013-11-28
I have 2 Formatted Short Date Fields. Start Date and End Date. The Users can pick any Year or any Month but the Start Day must be the first day of the Month and the End Day must be the Last day of the Month.

And the End Date has to be after the start date.  (I can handle this)

The Tables are SQL but the Form that the Users edit is Access. I was thinking of adding code to the Close button to verify this data before allowing them to Close. If it is not correct I will display an error message. I can handle the error message but how do I do the validations for what day of the month they entered?
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Question by:PSIUnit
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13 Comments
 
LVL 51

Expert Comment

by:Ted Bouskill
ID: 35144005
Do you know how to use .NET in Access?  If yes, this function will do exactly what you need:
http://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/library/system.datetime.daysinmonth.aspx

Or you can do the following in VBA

Function dhDaysInMonth(Optional dtmDate As Date = 0) As Integer
    ' Return the number of days in the specified month.
    If dtmDate = 0 Then
        ' Did the caller pass in a date? If not, use the current date.
        dtmDate = Date
    End If
    dhDaysInMonth = DateSerial(Year(dtmDate), _
     Month(dtmDate) + 1, 1) - _
     DateSerial(Year(dtmDate), Month(dtmDate), 1)
End Function
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LVL 45

Expert Comment

by:aikimark
ID: 35144029
A better design would be to have the user select a starting year and month and end year and month.  Then your front-end calculates the day-of-month for starting and ending dates.
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LVL 32

Expert Comment

by:Robberbaron (robr)
ID: 35144717
I have attached 2 functions that return the start and end dates of the selected month.

so you could either just use those as the data posted to SQLS, or do a check in the front end to see if the input matches the required date and throw an alert if not.
Function MonthStart(datein As Date) As Date

    MonthStart = DateSerial(Year(datein), Month(datein), 1)
    
End Function

Function MonthEnd(datein As Date) As Date

    MonthEnd = DateSerial(Year(datein), Month(datein) + 1, 1) - 1
    
End Function

Sub button_Close()
    Dim erx As Boolean
    erx = False
    If datepicker1.Date <> MonthStart(datepicker1.Date) Then
        MsgBox "Start date needs to be first of the month"
        erx = True
    End If
    If datepicker2.Date <> MonthEnd(datepicker2.Date) Then
        MsgBox "End date must be the last day of the month"
        erx = True
    End If
    
    If erx = False Then
        'process the date
     Else
       'return to entry for,
    End If
End Sub

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LVL 39

Expert Comment

by:als315
ID: 35145002
You can ask user enter only month and year and generate first and last day with proposed functions
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LVL 17

Expert Comment

by:JezWalters
ID: 35145833
If you want to validate the start/end dates in your form, then it's probably best to use the Before Update event handlers of the corresponding controls, like this:
Option Explicit
Option Compare Database

Private Sub txtEndDate_BeforeUpdate(pintCancel As Integer)
    If DatePart("d", txtEndDate + 1) <> 1 Then
        MsgBox "End date must be last day of the month"
        pintCancel = True
    End If
End Sub

Private Sub txtStartDate_BeforeUpdate(pintCancel As Integer)
    If DatePart("d", txtStartDate) <> 1 Then
        MsgBox "Start date must be first day of the month"
        pintCancel = True
    End If
End Sub

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LVL 17

Expert Comment

by:JezWalters
ID: 35145853
And here's one I made earlier!  :-)
Q26887751.mdb
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LVL 49

Accepted Solution

by:
Gustav Brock earned 500 total points
ID: 35146118
Let the user pick any date he/she wants, adjust the date on the fly, and skip the messagebox - users hate stupid applications:

Private Sub txtDateStart_AfterUpdate()
  Dim datDate As Date
  datDate = txtDateStart.Value
  txtDateStart.Value = DateSerial(Year(datDate), Month(datDate), 1)
End Sub

Private Sub txtDateEnd_AfterUpdate()
  Dim datDate As Date
  datDate = txtDateEnd.Value
  txtDateEnd.Value = DateSerial(Year(datDate), Month(datDate) + 1, 0)
End Sub

/gustav
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Author Comment

by:PSIUnit
ID: 35146462
WOW!!! That is a whole Lot of Information! Thank you! Let me sift thru it today and figure out which ones work best for this.. I had 2 separate fields originally for the date but the users did not like it that way they want to enter a date even though they have no control over the day ..(go figure).. so i went with them enterring the date and me fixing it... i will let you know how it works out.. Thank you very much ...
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LVL 32

Expert Comment

by:Robberbaron (robr)
ID: 35146761
@cactus_data   had never thought of using day=0 in a dateserial to get the last day of prev month but certainly works.
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LVL 49

Expert Comment

by:Gustav Brock
ID: 35146792
It does. DateSerial is a great function.

/gustav
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Author Closing Comment

by:PSIUnit
ID: 35148145
That was Great! Thank all of you for your help.
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LVL 49

Expert Comment

by:Gustav Brock
ID: 35148194
You are welcome!

/gustav
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