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How do I join 4 Tables using VB6 and MS Access using SQL?

Posted on 2011-03-15
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Last Modified: 2012-05-11
I have 4 tables; Shifts, Employees, Locations, and Employee Types.

My Goal is to Select a group of shifts that fall within a date criteria and join all of the above tables. Here's what I came up with but it is obviously not working or I wouldn't be posting here :-(

Select * From Shifts LEFT JOIN Employees ON Employees.EmployeeID=Shifts.EmployeeID LEFT JOIN Location ON Location.LocationID=Shifts.LocationID LEFT JOIN EmployeeTypes ON EmployeeTypes.TypeID=Employees.EmployeeType Where Shifts.Begin < #16-Mar-2011 12:00:00 AM# And Shifts.End > #15-Mar-2011 12:00:00 AM# And (Shifts.Type = 2 OR Shifts.Type = 3)

The Location Table, may or may not have an entry in the table that corresponds with the Shifts.LocationID (ie: I want to support a location ID of 0 in the shifts table)

Some help with this SQL would really be appreciated!



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Question by:DymaxionDeveloper
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Expert Comment

by:peter57r
ID: 35138484
I can't see anything wrong in principle with the query, but where multiple joins are involved, Access requires lots of ( ) .
You would be better off creating the same query in the Access query designer and then copying the sql from that.
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LVL 119

Accepted Solution

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Rey Obrero earned 500 total points
ID: 35138571
try this

SELECT Shifts.*
FROM ((Shifts LEFT JOIN Employees ON Shifts.EmployeeID = Employees.EmployeeID) LEFT JOIN Location ON Shifts.LocationID = Location.LocationID) LEFT JOIN EmployeeTypes ON Employees.EmployeeType = EmployeeTypes.TypeID
Where Shifts.Begin < #16-Mar-2011 12:00:00 AM# And Shifts.End > #15-Mar-2011 12:00:00 AM# And (Shifts.Type = 2 OR Shifts.Type = 3)
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LVL 51

Expert Comment

by:HainKurt
ID: 35139067
do you get any data for thisa

Select *
From
Shifts LEFT JOIN Employees ON Employees.EmployeeID=Shifts.EmployeeID
LEFT JOIN Location ON Location.LocationID=Shifts.LocationID
LEFT JOIN EmployeeTypes ON EmployeeTypes.TypeID=Employees.EmployeeType
Where (Shifts.Type = 2 OR Shifts.Type = 3)

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LVL 51

Expert Comment

by:HainKurt
ID: 35139141
try this too

Select * 
  From (select * 
          from Shifts 
         where Shifts.Begin < #16-Mar-2011 12:00:00 AM# And Shifts.End > #15-Mar-2011 12:00:00 AM# And (Shifts.Type = 2 OR Shifts.Type = 3)
       ) as s 
       LEFT JOIN Employees as e ON e.EmployeeID=s.EmployeeID
       LEFT JOIN Location as l ON l.LocationID=s.LocationID 
       LEFT JOIN EmployeeTypes as et ON et.TypeID=e.EmployeeType

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Author Comment

by:DymaxionDeveloper
ID: 35139481
This does not work, there error I get is: Syntax Error (Missing Operator) in Query expression <SQL>

Error number 3075
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LVL 119

Expert Comment

by:Rey Obrero
ID: 35139541
which one is not working?
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Author Comment

by:DymaxionDeveloper
ID: 35140157
Both responded by HainKurt
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LVL 119

Expert Comment

by:Rey Obrero
ID: 35140197
did you try the post at http:#a35138571
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LVL 51

Expert Comment

by:HainKurt
ID: 35140464
put some (..)
Select * 
  From (((select * 
          from Shifts 
         where Shifts.Begin < #16-Mar-2011 12:00:00 AM# And Shifts.End > #15-Mar-2011 12:00:00 AM# And (Shifts.Type = 2 OR Shifts.Type = 3)
       ) as s 
       LEFT JOIN Employees as e ON e.EmployeeID=s.EmployeeID) 
LEFT JOIN Location as l ON l.LocationID=s.LocationID)
LEFT JOIN EmployeeTypes as et ON et.TypeID=e.EmployeeType

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