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a dos batch command

Posted on 2011-03-15
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Last Modified: 2012-06-27
Can you explain the code?
for /f %%c in ('"dir /b:d"') do %GZIP% %%c\*.txt

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Thank you.
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Question by:zhshqzyc
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by:meb_santoso
ID: 35141281
for /f %%c in ('"dir /b:d"') do %GZIP% %%c\*.txt

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do archive every files that has the extension .txt for every given file listed from the command dir /b according to the variable %%c.

gzip is a program / operation to archive file. the %GZIP% is a parameter / routine / process defined elsewhere.

I don't know what's parameter /b:d in the dir command, as far as I know there is no such parameter. /b will output bare formatting of the files in the respective directory, but :d (colon d) is unknown.

%%c is a self defined parameter, it can be anything.
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by:zhshqzyc
ID: 35141459
Sorry, typo.
for /f %%c in ('"dir /b /a:d"') do %GZIP% %%c\*.txt

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Expert Comment

by:5g6tdcv4
ID: 35141669
/b is bare
/a:d is attributes only show directories
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meb_santoso earned 125 total points
ID: 35141781
in that case:

breaking it down:
-. dir /b /a:d will list all directories within a certain path in bare (plain) formatting, i.e. no heading information or summary
-. FOR <variable> IN <set> do <action> : will execute <action> for each file in a set of files based on the parameters

Everything in one place:
process all .txt files into an archive using gzip for every *.txt files within directories that listed from the command dir according to the variable %%c.

Why %%c? Because you are utilizing the variable in a batch file.
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by:5g6tdcv4
ID: 35141806
Men has the answer :-)
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