Go Premium for a chance to win a PS4. Enter to Win

x
?
Solved

Adding second domain controller to Windows 2008

Posted on 2011-03-21
9
Medium Priority
?
852 Views
Last Modified: 2012-05-11
Hi,
I am in the process of adding a second domain controller to Windows server 2008 Enterprise.
On the first Domain controller I am running Exchange 2010.  
The first domain controller is also a global catalog server.

Please see attached screen shot.
My questions:
1. Why would I want to make this second domain controller, read only?
2. By default "Global Catalog server" is checked. Do I want to have this second domain controller be a GC server as well as the first? From what I understand, you can/should only have one GC server.
3. Should I also install a DNS server on this second DC? Is that a good idea in terms of redundancy or is it not necessary?
Thanks,

Mike

Screen-shot-2011-03-21-at-10.07..png
0
Comment
Question by:nachtmsk
  • 2
  • 2
  • 2
  • +3
9 Comments
 
LVL 74

Accepted Solution

by:
Glen Knight earned 1200 total points
ID: 35180868
There is no reason why you wouldn't have all DC's in a single domain forest as Global Catalog servers.

You would normally use Read-Only domain controllers in branch offices or where physical security is an issue.

It would be a good idea to install DNS on the second DC if you only have one DNS server as this will allow clients to find/authenticate resources should the first server be unavailable for any reason.
0
 
LVL 70

Expert Comment

by:KCTS
ID: 35180888
I would accept the defaulr nad have your second DC both a global catalog and DNS server - there is nothing to be lost and a lot to be gained in terms of redundancy and resilliance.

There is no point in making it a RODC though - this is designed for remote/insecure sites.
0
 
LVL 28

Assisted Solution

by:sunnyc7
sunnyc7 earned 800 total points
ID: 35180896
1. Why would I want to make this second domain controller, read only?
>> You shouldnt for an exchange environment. Exchange wont work with a RODC as it updates the schema during installation / installation of SP's / updates etc.
As demazter said, this can work for auth in a branch office / hub-spoke scenario.

2. By default "Global Catalog server" is checked. Do I want to have this second domain controller be a GC server as well as the first? From what I understand, you can/should only have one GC server.
>> You can have more than one GC.

3. Should I also install a DNS server on this second DC? Is that a good idea in terms of redundancy or is it not necessary?
>> Recommended to have 2 DNS servers atleast for redundancy.
0
Simplify Active Directory Administration

Administration of Active Directory does not have to be hard.  Too often what should be a simple task is made more difficult than it needs to be.The solution?  Hyena from SystemTools Software.  With ease-of-use as well as powerful importing and bulk updating capabilities.

 
LVL 57

Expert Comment

by:Mike Kline
ID: 35180907
Where did you read that you should only have one GC.  Try to make every DC a GC.  See bullet one here:  

http://adisfun.blogspot.com/2009/04/lessons-learned-from-eric-fleischman.html

No one can really challenge Eric F :)

demazter nailed it as usual.

Thanks

Mike
0
 
LVL 1

Author Closing Comment

by:nachtmsk
ID: 35180997
Thanks for getting back on this so fast.
0
 
LVL 11

Expert Comment

by:Sigurdur Haraldsson
ID: 35181028
Your questions:
1. Why would I want to make this second domain controller, read only?
2. By default "Global Catalog server" is checked. Do I want to have this second domain controller be a GC server as well as the first? From what I understand, you can/should only have one GC server.
3. Should I also install a DNS server on this second DC? Is that a good idea in terms of redundancy or is it not necessary?

My answers:

1. Why are you adding the second DC and where are you placing it? Second DCs are usually for redundancy and load balancing. If it is not a question of physical security in a branch office, then there is no reason to make it a RODC.

2. Microsoft recommends that all DCs in a domain should be Global Catalogue servers except when the DC hosts the Infrastructure Master role. However, in most cases, all DCs are GCs.

"The Infrastructure Master (IM) role should be held by a domain controller that is not a Global Catalog server (GC). If the Infrastructure Master runs on a Global Catalog server it will stop updating object information because it does not contain any references to objects that it does not hold" - http://www.petri.co.il/understanding_fsmo_roles_in_ad.htm

3. Make the second DC a DNS and use Active-Directory integrated DNS. That way you have full redundancy as both DNS servers hold writeable zones. Otherwise, you will have to recreate your DNS zones if the server holding the primary zone fails.

So the short version of the answers is:

1. You wouldn't.
2. Yes. You can and should have many Global Catalogue servers.
3. Yes and yes.
0
 
LVL 11

Expert Comment

by:Sigurdur Haraldsson
ID: 35181037
LOL, you closed it as I was answering :-)
0
 
LVL 74

Expert Comment

by:Glen Knight
ID: 35181053
The GC/IM placement only becomes an issue in multiple domain forests.

Have a look at a great article from tigermatt here, which explains the FSMO roles: http://www.experts-exchange.com/Software/Server_Software/File_Servers/Active_Directory/A_2796-Demystifying-the-Active-Directory-FSMO-Roles.html
0
 
LVL 1

Author Comment

by:nachtmsk
ID: 35181054
Thanks sighar. Your answer was very complete. I'm sorry but I already assigned points before your answer came in.
I'll likely have more questions though as I move along in this process.

Thank again.

Mike
0

Featured Post

Visualize your virtual and backup environments

Create well-organized and polished visualizations of your virtual and backup environments when planning VMware vSphere, Microsoft Hyper-V or Veeam deployments. It helps you to gain better visibility and valuable business insights.

Question has a verified solution.

If you are experiencing a similar issue, please ask a related question

How to effectively resolve the number one email related issue received by helpdesks.
Eseutil Hard Recovery is part of exchange tool and ensures Exchange mailbox data recovery when mailbox gets corrupt due to some problem on Exchange server.
This video shows how to use Hyena, from SystemTools Software, to bulk import 100 user accounts from an external text file. View in 1080p for best video quality.
Exchange organizations may use the Journaling Agent of the Transport Service to archive messages going through Exchange. However, if the Transport Service is integrated with some email content management application (such as an anti-spam), the admin…
Suggested Courses

885 members asked questions and received personalized solutions in the past 7 days.

Join the community of 500,000 technology professionals and ask your questions.

Join & Ask a Question