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No Access Control or Constraint Checking Global Variables

Hi

Can some one please explain with examples.


Regards
Karan Gupta
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KaranGupta
Asked:
KaranGupta
3 Solutions
 
karthika_ctsCommented:
No Access Control or Constraint Checking — A global variable can be get or set by any part of the program, and any rules regarding its use can be easily broken or forgotten. (In other words, get/set accessors are generally preferable over direct data access, and this is even more so for global data.) By extension, the lack of access control greatly hinders achieving security in situations where you may wish to run untrusted code (such as working with 3rd party plugins).

Reference: http://www.experts-exchange.com/Programming/Languages/C_Sharp/Q_26900368.html
http://c2.com/cgi/wiki?GlobalVariablesAreBad
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lenordisteCommented:
Global variables can be accessed by any part in your program which means you have no access control . Since any objects can potentially access your global variable, you will have a hard time debugging your software if your global variable was modified unintentionally.

Also, it is better to wrap global variables in get/set constructs to allow for constraint checking. For instance you may have a global variable of type int which in your software should never be below 10. A property (get/set) will allow you to add constraint checking and make sure that nobody tries to assign a number below 10.
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KaranGuptaAuthor Commented:
I have 2 questions regarding this

1. What is the access specifier of global variable
2. How can be add a constraint check on normal variable.
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Sudhakar PulivarthiProject Lead - EngineeringCommented:
Access specifier determines the visibility of the variable/property at any point your app.
Read this article which informs various specifiers in C#
http://en.csharp-online.net/CSharp_Basic_Concepts%E2%80%94Declared_Accessibility

Pls check the code sample to know how we can do the constraint check.
internal class TestGlobal1
    {
        internal void Test()
        {
            TestData.MyData = 15;
            TestData.MyData = -6; // This value will not be allowed to set

            TestGlobal2 test2 = new TestGlobal2();
            test2.Test();

            TestData.MyData = 1; // This value will be allowed to set            
            test2.Test();            

            Console.ReadKey();
        }
    }

    internal class TestGlobal2
    {
        internal void Test()
        {
            Console.WriteLine("Data = " + TestData.MyData);
        }
    }

    internal class TestData
    {
        private static int _myData; // Class level static variable will be a global variable for all objects

        // This is the property which exposes the value across the app.
        internal static int MyData
        {
            get { return _myData; }
            set
            {
                if (value > 0)
                {
                    // Allow only +ve integers
                    _myData = value;
                }
                else
                {
                    // Optionally u can throw exception here
                }
            }
        }
    }

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KaranGuptaAuthor Commented:
Thanks
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