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Can I use htaccess to add suffix to URL string?

Posted on 2011-03-25
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Last Modified: 2012-05-11
I have a page on my site that renders XML. I'd like it if the url string would end in .xml. Is it possible to make this happen using htaccess?

For instance I want to change:
http://www.mysite.com/xmlfiles/detail-xml/246

to:
http://www.mysite.com/xmlfiles/detail-xml/246.xml

thanks,
brian
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Question by:befidled
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12 Comments
 
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Expert Comment

by:m_walker
ID: 35213607
Are you saying that currently some one would go to http://www.mysite.com/xmlfiles/detail-xml/246 and your code will run and create the xml and send it back, and you want them to go to http://www.mysite.com/xmlfiles/detail-xml/246.xml to have the xml rendered and sent back?
ie: having the xml extension be treated as a script (ie: 246.xml is the script name to create the script)

if so something like this might work...

AddHandler cgi-script .xml
Options +ExecCGI
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Author Comment

by:befidled
ID: 35213697
Here is the current url:

http://www.aeronautical.com/rfq/testxml/246/

If I add add a .xml however it just redirects to the homepage.
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Expert Comment

by:m_walker
ID: 35213759
how does the page get created now?

It looks like the 246 is a folder, and in that folder is a "default" script that creates the xml.  
I guess what I am trying to workout is how the script that creates the xml gets called from the web link.  
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Author Comment

by:befidled
ID: 35213762
Here is what my current .htaccess file looks like:

# secure .htaccess file
<Files .htaccess>
 order allow,deny
 deny from all
</Files>

# Dont list files in index pages
IndexIgnore *

# EE 404 page for missing pages
ErrorDocument 404 /index.php?/

# Simple 404 for missing files
<FilesMatch "(\.jpe?g|gif|png|bmp)$">
  ErrorDocument 404 "File Not Found"
</FilesMatch>

RewriteEngine On

RewriteBase /

# remove the www
RewriteCond %{HTTP_HOST} ^(www\.$) [NC]
RewriteRule ^ http://%{HTTP_HOST}%{REQUEST_URI} [L,R=301]

# Add a trailing slash to paths without an extension
RewriteCond %{REQUEST_FILENAME} !-f
RewriteCond %{REQUEST_URI} !(\.[a-zA-Z0-9]{1,5}|/)$
RewriteRule ^(.*)$ $1/ [L,R=301]

# Remove index.php
# Uses the "include method"
# http://expressionengine.com/wiki/Remove_index.php_From_URLs/#Include_List_Method
RewriteCond %{REQUEST_URI} !(\.[a-zA-Z0-9]{1,5})$
RewriteCond %{REQUEST_FILENAME} !-f
RewriteCond %{REQUEST_URI} ^/(corporate|search|home|_includes|data|systems|services|news|events|platform|members|promos|rfq||members|P[0-9]{2,8}) [NC]
RewriteRule ^(.*)$ /index.php?/$1 [L]

# Remove IE image toolbar
<FilesMatch "\.(html|htm|php)$">
  Header set imagetoolbar "no"
</FilesMatch>

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Author Comment

by:befidled
ID: 35213780
I'm using ExpressionEngine as my CMS. In this case the 246 is the entry number and the htaccess file above rewrites the url string so that it looks like a folder. Without the rewrite it would probably look something (not totally sure though) like:

http://www.aeronautical.com/rfq/index.php?template=testxml&entry_id=246

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Expert Comment

by:m_walker
ID: 35213910
First up, I would like to point out that I've never done this before, so tyring to work it out as I go.

The way I see it.

The htaccess you posted rewrites the "nice url" you want to the actual url to call index.php?doc id
When you add the .xml it does not work.

So I think what is needed here is to drop the .xml from the end with something like

#if it has a .xml drop it.
RewriteRule ^(.*)\.xml$ $1/ [L,R=301]

The way I think it reads is
^ Start of the url
.* any number of characters in () do store as $1

\. (esc the dot)
xml the extension.

I'm not sure if the [L,R=301] is needed or not.
If you put that line above the remove www, then it should drop the xml and then process as normal.
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Author Comment

by:befidled
ID: 35216119
actually its reversed, the htaccess I posted rewrites the url with variable strings (i.e. http://www.aeronautical.com/rfq/index.php?template=testxml&entry_id=246) into the SEO friendly url (i.e. http://www.mysite.com/xmlfiles/detail-xml/246).

I need it to allow me to add the .xml, not drop it.

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Expert Comment

by:farzanj
ID: 35220372
Please try this
RewriteRule ^(.*)$ $1\.xml [L,R=301]

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Author Comment

by:befidled
ID: 35220571
Won't that rename every URL on my site with a .xml suffix?
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Accepted Solution

by:
farzanj earned 500 total points
ID: 35220594
Yes, it would.  Sorry so should it contain xml keyword in the URL

Ok.  Does this look like what you need.  Here I am assuming that you need to put xml at the end if URL contains xmlfiles in it.

If it doesn't work, try removing the last \
RewriteRule ^(.*)/xmlfiles/(.*)$ $1/xmlfiles/$2\.xml [L,R=301]

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Author Closing Comment

by:befidled
ID: 35220603
That's good. I used a modified version of that solution.

thanks.
brian
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Expert Comment

by:farzanj
ID: 35220606
You are most welcome
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