How to check a variable content if only digits in Perl?

Hi,
How can I check if a variable only contains digits (numbers) ?

If $a only contains digits{

DO THIS

}

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Thanks,


TolgarAsked:
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dagesiCommented:
if ($a =~m/\D) {
  # here be it having non-digits
} else {
  # here be digits only
}
Pretty sure that's right...
dagesiCommented:
Oops, syntax error there...
Make that:

if ($a =~ m/\D/) {

TintinCommented:
From the Perl FAQ

   How do I determine whether a scalar is a number/whole/integer/float?
       Assuming that you don't care about IEEE notations like "NaN" or "Infinity", you probably just want to use a regular
       expression.

               if (/\D/)            { print "has nondigits\n" }
               if (/^\d+$/)         { print "is a whole number\n" }
               if (/^-?\d+$/)       { print "is an integer\n" }
               if (/^[+-]?\d+$/)    { print "is a +/- integer\n" }
               if (/^-?\d+\.?\d*$/) { print "is a real number\n" }
               if (/^-?(?:\d+(?:\.\d*)?|\.\d+)$/) { print "is a decimal number\n" }
               if (/^([+-]?)(?=\d|\.\d)\d*(\.\d*)?([Ee]([+-]?\d+))?$/)
                               { print "a C float\n" }

       There are also some commonly used modules for the task.  Scalar::Util (distributed with 5.8) provides access to perl's
       internal function "looks_like_number" for determining whether a variable looks like a number.  Data::Types exports
       functions that validate data types using both the above and other regular expressions. Thirdly, there is
       "Regexp::Common" which has regular expressions to match various types of numbers. Those three modules are available
       from the CPAN.

       If you're on a POSIX system, Perl supports the "POSIX::strtod" function.  Its semantics are somewhat cumbersome, so
       here's a "getnum" wrapper function for more convenient access.  This function takes a string and returns the number it
       found, or "undef" for input that isn't a C float.  The "is_numeric" function is a front end to "getnum" if you just
       want to say, "Is this a float?"

               sub getnum {
                       use POSIX qw(strtod);
                       my $str = shift;
                       $str =~ s/^\s+//;
                       $str =~ s/\s+$//;
                       $! = 0;
                       my($num, $unparsed) = strtod($str);
                       if (($str eq '') || ($unparsed != 0) || $!) {
                                       return undef;
                               }
                       else {
                               return $num;
                               }
                       }

               sub is_numeric { defined getnum($_[0]) }

       Or you could check out the String::Scanf module on the CPAN instead. The "POSIX" module (part of the standard Perl
       distribution) provides the "strtod" and "strtol" for converting strings to double and longs, respectively.
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TolgarAuthor Commented:
@dagesi:

How can I make digits only  in IF and non-digtis in ELSE using this method?

Thanks,
dagesiCommented:
>Tolgar...
I think it would be:

if ($a !~ m/\D) {
  # here be it having digits
} else {
  # here be non-digits only
}

Word of warning... if you try these, be sure to test using a totally blank variable - I'm not positive which set that would fall into.
TolgarAuthor Commented:
Well, these back and forth slashes make the code little weird. It changes the rest of the code in terms of variable declarations and so on. I can even see it before compiling by looking at the color on emacs.

How can I fix it?

 I tried to put // but it did not work.

Thanks,
TintinCommented:
Again, as per the FAQ

if ( $a =~ /^\d+$/)  {
   print "$a only contains digits\n";
}

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dagesiCommented:
Sorry, if you put exactly what I said, I screwed up in the exact same spot...
I forgot to include the forward slash at the end:

if ($a !~ m/\D/) {
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