# Comparing date time values in SQL

I have date values stored as integers in the format YYYYMMDD.
Time values are also stored as integers, so there are no leading zeros.  Here are some examples
13:00 is stored as 130000
09:30 is stored as 93000
Midnight + 1 second is stored as 1
Midnight + 1 minute is stored as 100

Suppose I have two tables with these date time values.  How do I evaluate the number of time between the relevant rows?  If they are on the same day I need to compare the hours, minutes and seconds.  Otherwise the number of days, weeks etc.
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Commented:
You are in for some ugly string manipulation here. Can be achieved by using a combination of RIGHT() and SUBSTRING() functions. Tell me if you need help.
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Commented:
Just wrote something to give you an idea. In the script below, I'm considering only time values. For date, add similar code for year, month and date parts.
``````CREATE TABLE #mydate (datetimeinstring VARCHAR(32))
INSERT INTO #mydate
SELECT
CASE len(mycolumn)
WHEN 1 THEN convert(varchar(32),'00000') + convert(varchar(32),mycolumn)
WHEN 2 THEN convert(varchar(32),'0000') + convert(varchar(32),mycolumn)
WHEN 3 THEN convert(varchar(32),'000') + convert(varchar(32),mycolumn)
WHEN 4 THEN convert(varchar(32),'00') + convert(varchar(32),mycolumn)
WHEN 5 THEN convert(varchar(32),'0') + convert(varchar(32),mycolumn)
ELSE convert(varchar(32),mycolumn)
END
FROM
mytable

SELECT CONVERT(datetime,
SUBSTRING(datetimeinstring,1,2) + ':' +
SUBSTRING(datetimeinstring,3,2) + ':' +
SUBSTRING(datetimeinstring,5,2)
)
FROM
#mydate

DROP TABLE #mydate
``````
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Assistant ConsultantCommented:
Hi,

for date manipulation it is easy as "YYYYMMDD". Get forur char as year next two as month as last two as day.

However in Time, bit tough to get.
and do as same as date.
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Commented:
hi

check code below will return date and time values in the format you wanted, and so now you can do your comparisons
``````-- this returns the date in th YYYYMMDD format
convert(varchar(12),getdate(),112)

-- this returns difference between days in the format mentioned above
select DATEDIFF(d,convert(varchar(12),getdate(),112),'20110408')

--this returns the time in the format you wanted
select datepart(HOUR,getdate()) * 10000 + datepart(MINUTE,getdate()) * 100 + datepart(SECOND,getdate())
``````
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Author Commented:
Thanks for your responses, but I need something a bit more specific.

How do I work out how many seconds between 01:23:45 on 3rd April and 0:00:01 on 6th April?
Raising points to 500.  Below is the format in integers (rather than strings).

Table 1      Table 2
Date   20110403  20110406
Time         12345                1
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Commented:
Did you look at the code I posted? Using that, once you get the values in datetime format, you can easily do things like...
DATDIFF(second,datetimevalue1,datetimevalue2)
0
Data EngineerCommented:
try this.
``````DECLARE  @Date1 INT,
@Time1 INT,
@Date2 INT,
@Time2 INT

SELECT @Date1 = 20110403,
@Time1 = 12345,
@Date2 = 20110406,
@Time2 = 1

SELECT DATEDIFF(SECOND,CONVERT(VARCHAR,Date1 + ' ' + Time1),
CONVERT(VARCHAR,Date2 + ' ' + Time2))
FROM (SELECT CONVERT(VARCHAR,@Date1)     Date1,
CASE
WHEN @Time1 / 3600 < 10 THEN '0' + CONVERT(VARCHAR(10),@Time1 / 3600)
ELSE CONVERT(VARCHAR(10),@Time1 / 3600)
END + ':' + CASE
WHEN (@Time1%3600) / 60 < 10 THEN '0' + CONVERT(VARCHAR(10),(@Time1%3600) / 60)
ELSE CONVERT(VARCHAR(10),(@Time1%3600) / 60)
END + ':' + CASE
WHEN @Time1%60 < 10 THEN '0' + CONVERT(VARCHAR(10),@Time1%60)
ELSE CONVERT(VARCHAR(10),@Time1%60)
END Time1,
CONVERT(VARCHAR,@Date2)     Date2,
CASE
WHEN @Time2 / 3600 < 10 THEN '0' + CONVERT(VARCHAR(10),@Time2 / 3600)
ELSE CONVERT(VARCHAR(10),@Time2 / 3600)
END + ':' + CASE
WHEN (@Time2%3600) / 60 < 10 THEN '0' + CONVERT(VARCHAR(10),(@Time2%3600) / 60)
ELSE CONVERT(VARCHAR(10),(@Time2%3600) / 60)
END + ':' + CASE
WHEN @Time2%60 < 10 THEN '0' + CONVERT(VARCHAR(10),@Time2%60)
ELSE CONVERT(VARCHAR(10),@Time2%60)
END Time2) t1
``````
If functions are allowed, You can create a function with this code and pass the parameters Date1,Time1,Date2 and Time2 and get the difference in seconds.
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