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paint in GDI to contrast background?

Posted on 2011-09-03
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Last Modified: 2012-05-12

Hello, if (using GDI) I need to annotate an arbitrary bitmap, I don't know what color is behind what I'm drawing.  It would be convenient if there was a brush or color that would automatically contrast the pixels behind it.  I remember this from way back in the day, BASICA had a XOR brush which would basically invert what was behind it.  Is it possible there is something BASICA could do that .NET can't?

Anyway is there any simple/fast technique in GDI to accomplish an automatic contrast (or distinction) with the background?  Obviously I could test the background, do some averaging, and choose a contrasting color but that's time consuming and exactly what im trying to avoid.
Also, alpha doesn't really work very well for this.

Any thoughts are appreciated, thanks.
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Question by:riceman0
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Bob Learned earned 250 total points
ID: 36480495
I don't believe that .NET natively support XOR drawing, but you can always find a way to p/invoke, as shown in this example:

A .NET Implementation of the ZoomIn Utility
http://www.vbaccelerator.com/home/net/code/libraries/Graphics/ZoomIn/article.asp
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Expert Comment

by:x77
ID: 36480683
I use ControlPaint.DrawReversibleFrame to allow user select a an area over my control.

The first time I draw a ReversibleFrame, it shows the a visible rectangle.
When I draw same rectangle, it restore the original, then I can draw a new rectangle as user moved the mouse.

Note that this method uses Screen coordinates not control coordinates.

Note that ControlPaint includes also DrawReversibleLine.
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Assisted Solution

by:x77
x77 earned 250 total points
ID: 36480852
Gdi has support to many modes when paint. (COPYPEN, MASKPEN, MERGENOTPEN ...)
You can see SetRop2 Api: http://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/library/dd145088(v=vs.85).aspx

A Sample with SetRop2: http://www.answers.com/topic/setrop2

Note: DrawReversibleRectangle uses RopMode: R2_XORPEN (7) or R2NotXorPen (10) depending on BackColor.
Here code from this method with reflector.

     
<UIPermission(SecurityAction.LinkDemand, Window:=UIPermissionWindow.AllWindows)> _
Public Shared Sub DrawReversibleLine(ByVal start As Point, ByVal [end] As Point, ByVal backColor As Color)
    Dim nDrawMode As Integer = ControlPaint.GetColorRop(backColor, 10, 7)
    Dim handle As IntPtr = UnsafeNativeMethods.GetDCEx(New HandleRef(Nothing, UnsafeNativeMethods.GetDesktopWindow), NativeMethods.NullHandleRef, &H403)
    Dim ptr2 As IntPtr = SafeNativeMethods.CreatePen(0, 1, ColorTranslator.ToWin32(backColor))
    Dim num2 As Integer = SafeNativeMethods.SetROP2(New HandleRef(Nothing, handle), nDrawMode)
    Dim ptr3 As IntPtr = SafeNativeMethods.SelectObject(New HandleRef(Nothing, handle), New HandleRef(Nothing, UnsafeNativeMethods.GetStockObject(5)))
    Dim ptr4 As IntPtr = SafeNativeMethods.SelectObject(New HandleRef(Nothing, handle), New HandleRef(Nothing, ptr2))
    SafeNativeMethods.MoveToEx(New HandleRef(Nothing, handle), start.X, start.Y, Nothing)
    SafeNativeMethods.LineTo(New HandleRef(Nothing, handle), [end].X, [end].Y)
    SafeNativeMethods.SetROP2(New HandleRef(Nothing, handle), num2)
    SafeNativeMethods.SelectObject(New HandleRef(Nothing, handle), New HandleRef(Nothing, ptr3))
    SafeNativeMethods.SelectObject(New HandleRef(Nothing, handle), New HandleRef(Nothing, ptr4))
    SafeNativeMethods.DeleteObject(New HandleRef(Nothing, ptr2))
    UnsafeNativeMethods.ReleaseDC(NativeMethods.NullHandleRef, New HandleRef(Nothing, handle))
End Sub

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To Get screen coordinates, use  Control.PointToScreen where control is your control.


'If DragMode, When Left Mouse Down, Start Drag Operation
    Private Sub PrvCtl_MouseDown (ByVal sender As Object, ByVal e As MouseEventArgs) Handles PrvCtl.MouseDown
        If DragMode Then
            DragMode = False
            rcold = New Rectangle (PrvCtl.PointToScreen (New Point (0, e.Y)), New Size (PrvCtl.Width, 0))
            PrvCtl.AllowDrop = True
            PrvCtl.DoDragDrop (New DataObject ("e", e), DragDropEffects.Move)
        End If
    End Sub

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Author Closing Comment

by:riceman0
ID: 36511616
Thanks, both look promising.  I will post back with some sort of solution/resolution.
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