Go Premium for a chance to win a PS4. Enter to Win

x
?
Solved

reflection api

Posted on 2011-09-05
1
Medium Priority
?
247 Views
Last Modified: 2012-05-12
I would like to know about reflection api. When we use it. What are the uses of it. How to use it. Thanks in advance
0
Comment
Question by:gudii9
1 Comment
 
LVL 47

Accepted Solution

by:
for_yan earned 2000 total points
ID: 36485264
this is simple explanation:
http://java.sun.com/developer/technicalArticles/ALT/Reflection/


Reflection is a feature in the Java programming language. It allows an executing Java program to examine or "introspect" upon itself, and manipulate internal properties of the program. For example, it's possible for a Java class to obtain the names of all its members and display them.

The ability to examine and manipulate a Java class from within itself may not sound like very much, but in other programming languages this feature simply doesn't exist. For example, there is no way in a Pascal, C, or C++ program to obtain information about the functions defined within that program.

One tangible use of reflection is in JavaBeans, where software components can be manipulated visually via a builder tool. The tool uses reflection to obtain the properties of Java components (classes) as they are dynamically loaded.
A Simple Example

To see how reflection works, consider this simple example:
   import java.lang.reflect.*;
 
   public class DumpMethods {
      public static void main(String args[])
      {
         try {
            Class c = Class.forName(args[0]);
            Method m[] = c.getDeclaredMethods();
            for (int i = 0; i < m.length; i++)
            System.out.println(m[i].toString());
         }
         catch (Throwable e) {
            System.err.println(e);
         }
      }
   }


For an invocation of:

  java DumpMethods java.util.Stack

the output is:

  public java.lang.Object java.util.Stack.push(
    java.lang.Object)
   public synchronized 
     java.lang.Object java.util.Stack.pop()
   public synchronized
      java.lang.Object java.util.Stack.peek()
   public boolean java.util.Stack.empty()
   public synchronized 
     int java.util.Stack.search(java.lang.Object)

Open in new window


That is, the method names of class java.util.Stack are listed, along with their fully qualified parameter and return types.

This program loads the specified class using class.forName, and then calls getDeclaredMethods to retrieve the list of methods defined in the class. java.lang.reflect.Method is a class representing a single class method.
0

Featured Post

Concerto's Cloud Advisory Services

Want to avoid the missteps to gaining all the benefits of the cloud? Learn more about the different assessment options from our Cloud Advisory team.

Question has a verified solution.

If you are experiencing a similar issue, please ask a related question

Introduction Java can be integrated with native programs using an interface called JNI(Java Native Interface). Native programs are programs which can directly run on the processor. JNI is simply a naming and calling convention so that the JVM (Java…
A solution for Fortify Path Manipulation.
Viewers learn about the scanner class in this video and are introduced to receiving user input for their programs. Additionally, objects, conditional statements, and loops are used to help reinforce the concepts. Introduce Scanner class: Importing…
Viewers will learn about if statements in Java and their use The if statement: The condition required to create an if statement: Variations of if statements: An example using if statements:
Suggested Courses

885 members asked questions and received personalized solutions in the past 7 days.

Join the community of 500,000 technology professionals and ask your questions.

Join & Ask a Question