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How do I make a deck of cards using ArrayLists?

Posted on 2011-09-07
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Last Modified: 2012-05-12
I am new to Java and this is my first time creating a Card class and DeckOfCards class. I need a constructor that can populate 52 different cards 2 S, 3 S,..Ace S, 2 C, 3 C,...Ace C,...Ace D,...Ace H. I think I also need to create a resetDeckOfCards method to use. I know I need to use a loop but I can't think of a way to do it.

Here is my Card class:

public class Card
{
   
    private String rank;//card rank: a number between 2 and 10, or Jack, Queen, King or Ace
    private char suit;//card suit: S,C,H,or D
    private static String[] Ranks={"2","3","4","5","6","7","8","9","10","Jack","Queen","King","Ace"};
    private static char[] Suites={'C','H','D','S'};
     
    /**
     * Constructor for objects of class Card
     */
    public Card()
    {
        rank="2";
        suit='H';
       
    }
   
    public Card(String rank, char suit)
    {
        this.rank=rank;
        this.suit=suit;
    }
     public String getRank()
    {
        return rank;
    }
   
    public char getSuit()
    {
        return suit;
    }
   
    public void setRank(String rank)
    {
        this.rank=rank;
    }
   
    public void setSuit(char suit)
    {
        this.suit=suit;
    }
    //Returns an array of possible card ranks
    public static String[] getPossibleRanks()
    {
        return Ranks;
    }
    //Returns an array of possible card suits
    public static char[] getPossibleSuits()
 {
        return Suites;
    }
   
    public String toString()
    {String suitName = "";
        switch (suit){
        case 'H':
         suitName = rank + " of Hearts";
            break;
         case 'S':
            suitName = rank + " of Spades";
             break;
              case 'D':
                suitName = rank + " of Diamonds";
                  break;
                  case 'C':
                   suitName = rank + " of Clubs";


    }
return suitName;
}
}

Here is my DeckOfCards class so far:

import java.util.Random;
import java.util.ArrayList;

public class DeckOfCards
{
    // instance variables - replace the example below with your own
    private ArrayList<Card> deck = new ArrayList<Card>();
    Random getRandom = new Random();
    /**
     * Constructor for objects of class DeckOfCards
     */
    public DeckOfCards()
    {
       
       String[] ranks = Card.getPossibleRanks();
       char[] suites = Card.getPossibleSuits();
       Card newCard;

     }  

0
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Question by:ryanbecker24
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5 Comments
 
LVL 47

Accepted Solution

by:
for_yan earned 500 total points
ID: 36499864


package javacards;

import java.util.Random;
import java.util.ArrayList;

public class Deck {
	private ArrayList<Card> cards;

	 Deck()
	{
		cards = new ArrayList<Card>();
		for (int a=0; a<=3; a++)
		{
			for (int b=0; b<=12; b++)
			 {
			   cards.add( new Card(a,b) );
			 }
		}
	}

	public Card drawFromDeck()
	{
		Random generator = new Random();
		int index= generator.nextInt( cards.size() );
		return cards.remove(index);
	}

	 public int getTotalCards()
	{
		return cards.size();
	}
}

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0
 
LVL 47

Expert Comment

by:for_yan
ID: 36499869
The above is example form that old link you already know:
http://www.dreamincode.net/forums/topic/110380-deck-of-cards-using-various-methods/
0
 
LVL 47

Expert Comment

by:for_yan
ID: 36499883

Waht you mean by  resetDeckOfCards ?

If yiou mean that you want to have again 52 cards - then you just use
constructor to ctreate the deck of cards

And if you mena to reshuffle - to your would normally not need it,
as long as your drawFromDeck method uses random slection of the card

Or say draw 52 times - and add them to ArrayList and there is your reshuffled deck
but as your drawing is Random - so you don't need to shuffle
0
 
LVL 47

Expert Comment

by:for_yan
ID: 36499887
In your variant - you can use theDeck generation above - just
add to yor card clas s the constructor which should take two int - and those will be the indices
into your arrays of rank and suite
0
 
LVL 47

Assisted Solution

by:for_yan
for_yan earned 500 total points
ID: 36499895
just add such constructor:

 public Card(int suitInd, int rankInd)
    {
        this.rank=rank[rankInd];
        this.suit=suit[suitInd];
    }

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