Solved

Is this a good start for iptables on a web server?

Posted on 2011-09-13
6
587 Views
Last Modified: 2012-08-13
Hello everyone,

For the past two days I've been looking into how to set up iptables for a linux machine that acts as a web server, processes email, and also needs FTP and SSH access. I'm wondering if what I have put together to set iptables is enough, and/or, going to impede the server's functions at all. It's a basic LAMP setup. I'm also wondering if the order of the rules is basically correct.

I think it's close, but my main concerns are PHP, MySQL, email and FTP running. Do PHP and MySQL communicate on the localhost level, or do other ports (3306) need to be added? Is there anything I've overlooked that should also be added?
Is sendmail in the INPUT necessary? (I couldn't figure that one out)

Putting together and editing from several resources online, this is what I've come up with:

#!/bin/bash
#
# iptables example configuration script
#
# Flush all current rules from iptables
#
 iptables -F
#
# Allow SSH connections on tcp port 22
# This is essential when working on remote servers via SSH to prevent locking yourself out of the system
#
 iptables -A INPUT -s 12.34.56.78 -p tcp --dport 22 -j ACCEPT
 iptables -A INPUT -s 98.76.54.0/24 -p tcp --dport 22 -j ACCEPT
#
# Set default policies for INPUT, FORWARD and OUTPUT chains
#
 iptables -P INPUT DROP
 iptables -P FORWARD DROP
 iptables -P OUTPUT ACCEPT
#
# Set access for localhost
#
 iptables -A INPUT -i lo -j ACCEPT
#
# Accept packets belonging to established and related connections
#
 iptables -A INPUT -m state --state ESTABLISHED,RELATED -j ACCEPT
#
# FTP
 iptables -A INPUT -p tcp --dport 20:21 -j ACCEPT
#
# HTTP/Apache
 iptables -A INPUT -p tcp --dport 80 -j ACCEPT
#
# SSL/Apache
 iptables -A INPUT -p tcp --dport 443 -j ACCEPT
#
# POP3
 iptables -A INPUT -p tcp --dport 110 -j ACCEPT
#
# Sendmail
 iptables -A INPUT -p tcp --dport 25 -j ACCEPT
#
# DirectAdmin
 iptables -A INPUT -s 12.34.56.78 -p tcp --dport 2222 -j ACCEPT
 iptables -A INPUT -s 98.76.54.0/24 -p tcp --dport 2222 -j ACCEPT
#
# ICMP/Ping:
 iptables -A INPUT -p icmp -j ACCEPT
#
 iptables -A INPUT -j REJECT
 iptables -A FORWARD -j REJECT
#
# Save settings
#
 /sbin/service iptables save
#
# List rules
#
 iptables -L -v

Open in new window


Any assistance is greatly appreciated.

Thank you for your time.
0
Comment
Question by:mvtimes
6 Comments
 
LVL 5

Accepted Solution

by:
RizyDeWino earned 500 total points
ID: 36532429
The settings look fine in general and you do need to have 25 port open if its running mail server as users will be connecting to this port to send email from their end, and also for server sending mail out the outbound port need to be opened as well. For ftp you will probably need to add a passive ports range to firewall and ftp configuration depending on your setup.
For MySQL if you would be allowing remote MySQL connections for your clients, then you will need to have 3306 opened for it as well.

But before checking iptables rules in more depth, I would like to ask that have you considered using CSF firewall instead ?  http://configserver.com/cp/csf.html  ,


Its best firewall for cPanel or DirectAdmin servers/vps in my opinion. Gives you lot of options/features, GUI management and makes overall firewall maintenance lot easier for you. So before you go a head with direct iptables rules management route, do check csf firewall, with all its cool features the additional advantage is that its free.
0
 

Author Comment

by:mvtimes
ID: 36533030
I was just looking to use what was already there. I'm admining this machine remotely, and I'm not that versed in linux so, using what I already had seemed to be the easier/quicker way.

We have DirectAdmin control panel, so regarding CSF, it seems that running the install as laid out here, http://configserver.com/free/csf/install.txt would be all that I'd have to do, correct?
0
 
LVL 5

Expert Comment

by:RizyDeWino
ID: 36533102
Yes that is correct , it will have all required port configurations added by default at end of installation steps given in this URL , you can further manage it from directadmin gui when required.
0
PRTG Network Monitor: Intuitive Network Monitoring

Network Monitoring is essential to ensure that computer systems and network devices are running. Use PRTG to monitor LANs, servers, websites, applications and devices, bandwidth, virtual environments, remote systems, IoT, and many more. PRTG is easy to set up & use.

 
LVL 5

Expert Comment

by:hvillanu
ID: 36533419
Hi,
If iptables is a trouble for you try this: http://www.fwbuilder.org/
-regards-
0
 
LVL 3

Expert Comment

by:maxchow
ID: 36534838
1. MySQL can work with pipe files, no 3306 needed, however, you can change the listening IP to 127.0.0.1 to prevent problem.
2. try change ssh and ftp to other port numbers if possible
3. change PermitRootLogin to no in /etc/ssh/sshd_config and use sudo all the time.
4. Firewall is not actually important, use netstat -lpn to see how many listening ports that you are not using and shutdown the service using chkconfig or update-rc
5. route your syslog to another machine if possible
0
 

Author Closing Comment

by:mvtimes
ID: 36546674
Thank you. Even though I think I had the iptables rules correct, CSF made getting the firewall configured much easier, and LFD is helpful to have too.
0

Featured Post

Windows Server 2016: All you need to know

Learn about Hyper-V features that increase functionality and usability of Microsoft Windows Server 2016. Also, throughout this eBook, you’ll find some basic PowerShell examples that will help you leverage the scripts in your environments!

Question has a verified solution.

If you are experiencing a similar issue, please ask a related question

Suggested Solutions

A web service (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Web_service) is a software related technology that facilitates machine-to-machine interaction over a network. This article helps beginners in creating and consuming a web service using the ColdFusion Ma…
Article by: kevp75
Hey folks, 'bout time for me to come around with a little tip. Thanks to IIS 7.5 Extensions and Microsoft (well... really Windows 8, and IIS 8 I guess...), we can now prime our Application Pools, when IIS starts. Now, though it would be nice t…
Along with being a a promotional video for my three-day Annielytics Dashboard Seminor, this Micro Tutorial is an intro to Google Analytics API data.
Established in 1997, Technology Architects has become one of the most reputable technology solutions companies in the country. TA have been providing businesses with cost effective state-of-the-art solutions and unparalleled service that is designed…

777 members asked questions and received personalized solutions in the past 7 days.

Join the community of 500,000 technology professionals and ask your questions.

Join & Ask a Question