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Directory browsing with MS C 2008

Posted on 2011-09-14
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Last Modified: 2012-05-12
Dear experts!

I’m programmer with 10+ years in industry, but totally new to MS C 2008 and I need help.

I have a variable
 LPCTSTR sPicFile=”C:\Temp\Pic001.tif”

I need a code which to search directory for files like
C:\Temp\Pic002.tif C:\Temp\Pic003.tif and so on up to C:\Temp\Pic999.tif

Please note that some of the pic may be missing, however I should put it in correct order in let say LPCTSTR[] sPic
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Question by:dvplayltd
6 Comments
 
LVL 15

Expert Comment

by:Minh Võ Công
ID: 36541119
LPCTSTR sPicFile= L”C:\Temp\Pic001.tif”;
or  LPCTSTR sPicFile=_T(”C:\Temp\Pic001.tif”);
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Author Comment

by:dvplayltd
ID: 36541231
Look that you do not understand me at all

I have this
LPCTSTR sPicFile= L”C:\Temp\Pic001.tif”;
 
I need code to check for:
sPicFile= L”C:\Temp\Pic002.tif”; - does the file extis in HDD - if yes - add to thearray
sPicFile= L”C:\Temp\Pic002.tif”; - does the file extis in HDD - if yes - add to thearray
sPicFile= L”C:\Temp\Pic004.tif”; - does the file extis in HDD - if No - do nothing, then check for
sPicFile= L”C:\Temp\Pic005.tif”; - does the file extis in HDD - if yes - add to thearray
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LVL 36

Accepted Solution

by:
sarabande earned 2000 total points
ID: 36541803
first you need to change the backslash into two backslashes or the path would not be found:

LPCTSTR sPicFile= L”C:\\Temp\\Pic001.tif”;

the \  is escape character in c.

to check for existence of a file you can use stat function:

#include <sys/stat.h>
...

struct stat fileinfo;
if (stat("c:\\temp\\pic001.tif", &fileinfo) == 0)
{
     // file exists !!!
}

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Sara
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LVL 86

Expert Comment

by:jkr
ID: 36542938
The following should be helpful and works with  both ANSI and UNICODE: http://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/library/aa365200%28v=VS.85%29.aspx ("Listing the Files in a Directory")
#include <windows.h>
#include <tchar.h> 
#include <stdio.h>
#include <strsafe.h>
#pragma comment(lib, "User32.lib")

void DisplayErrorBox(LPTSTR lpszFunction);

int _tmain(int argc, TCHAR *argv[])
{
   WIN32_FIND_DATA ffd;
   LARGE_INTEGER filesize;
   TCHAR szDir[MAX_PATH];
   size_t length_of_arg;
   HANDLE hFind = INVALID_HANDLE_VALUE;
   DWORD dwError=0;
   
   // If the directory is not specified as a command-line argument,
   // print usage.

   if(argc != 2)
   {
      _tprintf(TEXT("\nUsage: %s <directory name>\n"), argv[0]);
      return (-1);
   }

   // Check that the input path plus 3 is not longer than MAX_PATH.
   // Three characters are for the "\*" plus NULL appended below.

   StringCchLength(argv[1], MAX_PATH, &length_of_arg);

   if (length_of_arg > (MAX_PATH - 3))
   {
      _tprintf(TEXT("\nDirectory path is too long.\n"));
      return (-1);
   }

   _tprintf(TEXT("\nTarget directory is %s\n\n"), argv[1]);

   // Prepare string for use with FindFile functions.  First, copy the
   // string to a buffer, then append '\*' to the directory name.

   StringCchCopy(szDir, MAX_PATH, argv[1]);
   StringCchCat(szDir, MAX_PATH, TEXT("\\*"));

   // Find the first file in the directory.

   hFind = FindFirstFile(szDir, &ffd);

   if (INVALID_HANDLE_VALUE == hFind) 
   {
      DisplayErrorBox(TEXT("FindFirstFile"));
      return dwError;
   } 
   
   // List all the files in the directory with some info about them.

   do
   {
      if (ffd.dwFileAttributes & FILE_ATTRIBUTE_DIRECTORY)
      {
         _tprintf(TEXT("  %s   <DIR>\n"), ffd.cFileName);
      }
      else
      {
         filesize.LowPart = ffd.nFileSizeLow;
         filesize.HighPart = ffd.nFileSizeHigh;
         _tprintf(TEXT("  %s   %ld bytes\n"), ffd.cFileName, filesize.QuadPart);
      }
   }
   while (FindNextFile(hFind, &ffd) != 0);
 
   dwError = GetLastError();
   if (dwError != ERROR_NO_MORE_FILES) 
   {
      DisplayErrorBox(TEXT("FindFirstFile"));
   }

   FindClose(hFind);
   return dwError;
}


void DisplayErrorBox(LPTSTR lpszFunction) 
{ 
    // Retrieve the system error message for the last-error code

    LPVOID lpMsgBuf;
    LPVOID lpDisplayBuf;
    DWORD dw = GetLastError(); 

    FormatMessage(
        FORMAT_MESSAGE_ALLOCATE_BUFFER | 
        FORMAT_MESSAGE_FROM_SYSTEM |
        FORMAT_MESSAGE_IGNORE_INSERTS,
        NULL,
        dw,
        MAKELANGID(LANG_NEUTRAL, SUBLANG_DEFAULT),
        (LPTSTR) &lpMsgBuf,
        0, NULL );

    // Display the error message and clean up

    lpDisplayBuf = (LPVOID)LocalAlloc(LMEM_ZEROINIT, 
        (lstrlen((LPCTSTR)lpMsgBuf)+lstrlen((LPCTSTR)lpszFunction)+40)*sizeof(TCHAR)); 
    StringCchPrintf((LPTSTR)lpDisplayBuf, 
        LocalSize(lpDisplayBuf) / sizeof(TCHAR),
        TEXT("%s failed with error %d: %s"), 
        lpszFunction, dw, lpMsgBuf); 
    MessageBox(NULL, (LPCTSTR)lpDisplayBuf, TEXT("Error"), MB_OK); 

    LocalFree(lpMsgBuf);
    LocalFree(lpDisplayBuf);
}

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Author Closing Comment

by:dvplayltd
ID: 36548811
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