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Insert Null into DateTime column in SQL from C#

Posted on 2011-09-16
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Last Modified: 2012-05-12
trying to insert null value into datetime column in sql server but getting

Insert Unsuccessful on Record 0. Error Message The conversion of a varchar data
type to a datetime data type resulted in an out-of-range value.
The statement has been terminated.

tried DBNull.Value also couldnt :<
SqlDateTime dtLeaveEarlierBy = SqlDateTime.Null;
                                                                        sqlcmd.CommandText = "INSERT INTO StudentAttendance (attendancestatus, lateduration, actualtime, arrivedtime, leavetime, actualleavetime, leavestatus, earlierduration, absensereason, leaveearlierby, markby, datecreated, datemodified) VALUES ('" + dsSAA.Tables[0].Rows[0]["attendancestatus"].ToString() +
                                                                        "', '" + dsSAA.Tables[0].Rows[0]["lateduration"].ToString() + "', '" + Convert.ToDateTime(dsSAA.Tables[0].Rows[0]["actualtime"]) + "', '" + Convert.ToDateTime(dsSAA.Tables[0].Rows[0]["arrivedtime"]) + "', '" + Convert.ToDateTime(dsSAA.Tables[0].Rows[0]["leavetime"]) + "', '" + Convert.ToDateTime(dsSAA.Tables[0].Rows[0]["actualleavetime"]) +
                                                                        "', '" + dsSAA.Tables[0].Rows[0]["leavestatus"].ToString() + "', '" + dsSAA.Tables[0].Rows[0]["earlierduration"].ToString() + "', '" + dsSAA.Tables[0].Rows[0]["absensereason"].ToString() + "', " + dtLeaveEarlierBy + ", " + Convert.ToInt64(dsSAA.Tables[0].Rows[0]["markby"]) + ", '" + Convert.ToDateTime(dsSAA.Tables[0].Rows[0]["datecreated"]) +
                                                                        "', '" + Convert.ToDateTime(dsSAA.Tables[0].Rows[0]["datemodified"]) + "')";
                                                                        sqlcmd.ExecuteNonQuery();

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Question by:doramail05
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nixkuroi earned 500 total points
ID: 36553144
You should be able to just leave the column name and value out of the insert statement and it will insert a null by default.  
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Expert Comment

by:Dale Burrell
ID: 36553148
I would recommend using SqlParameters to carry out your update. They take all the hard work out of it for you.

However as you are using a string you need to use null in the string e.g.

"insert into MyTable (MyField) values (null)"

Obviously that need to fit in with the rest of your code. I don't think setting the variable to sql null as you are doing helps in this case (it would if you used an SqlParameter).  

Instead of "', " + dtLeaveEarlierBy + ", "

you want

either "', null, " or "', " + (SomeTest ? "null" : "Some Other DateTime Value") + ", "
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Expert Comment

by:Kevin Cross
ID: 36553153
It is because you are passing this into a string versus using SqlParameter passed to your SqlCommand.
You can either switch to parameters and use DBNull.Value OR you can use an IF condition to concatenate "NULL" or "', " + dtLeaveEarlierBy + ", " based on condition IsDBNull(dtLeaveEarlierBy).
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LVL 59

Expert Comment

by:Kevin Cross
ID: 36553157
Ha. dale_burrell beat me to it. :) I would go with what he said. ;)
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