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php website basics

Posted on 2011-09-18
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Last Modified: 2012-06-27
I have website with 5 pages pure HTML at this moment, but I will need to add 20 more pages soon and it becomes quite difficult to maintain.
I got an idea to use php, I need to change some meta tags and entry of page.
How can I do this? With include function?
Here is example:

<head>
<title>XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX</title>
<meta name="generator" content="HTML Tidy for Linux (vers 6 November 2007), see www.w3.org" />
<meta name="keywords" content="XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX" />
<meta name="description" content="XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX" />

<meta http-equiv="content-type" content="text/html;charset=utf-8" />
<meta http-equiv="cache-control" content="Public" />
<link href="bagachst.css" rel="stylesheet" type="text/css" />
<link rel="shortcut icon" href="/favicon.ico" />
</head>
<body>

<div id="wrapper" >
<div id="header">
<div id="logo">
<p>xxxxxxxxxxx</p>
</div>
<div id="menu">
<ul>
<li><a href="index.html">xxxxx</a></li>
<li><a href="about.html">xxxxx</a></li>
<li><a href="gallery.html">xxxxx</a></li>
<li><a href="prices.html">xxxxx</a></li>
<li><a href="contact.html">xxxxx</a></li>
</ul>
</div>
</div>
<div id="page">
<div class="post" id="content">
<h1 class="title">xxxxxxxxxx</h1>
<p class="meta"></p>
<div class="entry">
<p>
xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx - 25 xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx</p>
 
<p>xxxxxxxxxxxxxx-1 xxx-15 xxxxxxxx (xxxxxxxxxxxx 10 xxxxxxxxx)</p>
<p>xxxxx xxxxx 3 xxxxxxxx xxxxx xxxxxxxx, 3-15 x xx 10 x x.</p>
 
<p>xxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxx:<br />
<ul>
<li>xxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxxxxx</li>
<li>xxxxxxx</li>
<li>xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxx</li>
<li>xxxxxxx</li>
<li>xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx</li>
</ul>
</p>

</div>
</div>
</div>
</div>
<div id="bgbottom" >
<div id="footer" >
<p>Copyright © 2010-2011.</p>
</div></div>

<div id="bglayout" ><div id="bgtop" ><div id="bgmenu" ><div class="left" ></div><div class="right" ></div></div></div></div>

</body>
</html>

I need to change only bold parts.

Any help please.
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Question by:SSupreme
  • 3
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6 Comments
 
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Accepted Solution

by:
acbxyz earned 500 total points
ID: 36557438
You can use a file template.php for main layout and other files, which contain content.
template.php
<?php
if (empty($head_title)) $head_title = 'no title defined';
// you can do this for all (optional) variables to suppress errors or warnings.
?>
<head>
<title><?php echo $head_title; ?></title>
<meta name="generator" content="HTML Tidy for Linux (vers 6 November 2007), see www.w3.org" />
<meta name="keywords" content="<?php echo $head_keywords; ?>" />
<meta name="description" content="<?php echo $head_description; ?>" />
<meta http-equiv="content-type" content="text/html;charset=utf-8" />
<meta http-equiv="cache-control" content="Public" />
<link href="bagachst.css" rel="stylesheet" type="text/css" />
<link rel="shortcut icon" href="/favicon.ico" />
</head>
<body>

<div id="wrapper" >
<div id="header">
<div id="logo">
<p>xxxxxxxxxxx</p>
</div>
<div id="menu">
<ul>
<li><a href="index.html">xxxxx</a></li>
<li><a href="about.html">xxxxx</a></li>
<li><a href="gallery.html">xxxxx</a></li>
<li><a href="prices.html">xxxxx</a></li>
<li><a href="contact.html">xxxxx</a></li>
</ul>
</div>
</div>
<div id="page">
<div class="post" id="content">
<h1 class="title"><?php echo $body_h1; ?></h1>
<p class="meta"></p>
<div class="entry">
<?php echo $body_entry; ?>
</div>
</div>
</div>
</div>
<div id="bgbottom" >
<div id="footer" >
<p>Copyright © 2010-2011.</p>
</div></div>

<div id="bglayout" ><div id="bgtop" ><div id="bgmenu" ><div class="left" ></div><div class="right" ></div></div></div></div>

</body>
</html>

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page.php
<?php
$head_title = 'Browser title';
$head_keywords = 'php include template';
$head_description = 'example of a template based website';
$body_h1 = 'page1';
ob_start();
?><p>Here comes your normal content in html</p>
<p>And another line</p>
<?php
$body_entry = ob_get_clean();

include('template.tpl');
?>

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0
 
LVL 16

Author Comment

by:SSupreme
ID: 36557455
I like it. What are page.php and template.php?
template.php should be used as it is;
page.php I can fill with whatever I like and create same pages with different content for other pages, like index.php?
Do I need to worry about template.tpl?
0
 
LVL 10

Expert Comment

by:acbxyz
ID: 36557477
page.php can be copied to as many pages as you need, including index.php. Those are called by clients.

template.php, or better call it template.inc.php, is not intend to be called by a client directly, but in this case it is would be no problem.

If naming it template.inc.php you can add the following lines to your .htaccess to deny access to any .inc.php files
<Files "*.inc.php">
    Order allow,deny
    Deny from all
</Files>

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LVL 16

Author Closing Comment

by:SSupreme
ID: 36557492
Obviously you answered the question.
But how page.php will call template.php, does it know that template.tpl is template.php?

Thank you very much indeed.
0
 
LVL 10

Expert Comment

by:acbxyz
ID: 36559573
Nope, that was a typo. The include command must have the exact filename of your template file.
If you call it template.tpl.php (as I do usually), you have to write include('template.tpl.php'); if you name it template.inc.php, it's include('template.inc.php'); and so on.
0
 
LVL 16

Author Comment

by:SSupreme
ID: 36563855
Thanks! I got it logically. I wanted to be sure.
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