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how to enabling high performance data transfer on redhat linux 4.2

Posted on 2011-09-21
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Last Modified: 2012-06-27
How to do Tuning of TCP for Linux 4.2 for maximizing data transfer over TCP
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Question by:Seni
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by:Seni
ID: 36572726
We need to improve the transfer of data between 2 boxes located 1- in India the second location is Tanzania ( server running Redhat Linux 4.2)
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wesly_chen earned 500 total points
ID: 36577246
It is more on network side instead of system side tuning.
So  far, the fastest data transfer protocol over TCP is FTP.

1. So use FTP to transfer data over internet/TCP is the fastest one.

2. Compress the data before transfer.
use bzip2, which has highest compress rate but longer compress time.
gzip is ok for both compress rate and time.

3. Use tar archives multiple files into one big file.
Transfer less big files is faster than transfer a lot of small files.
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by:noci
ID: 36577470
I you have to repeat the transfer regularly please consider using rsync to transfer the data.

FTP is not secure by default, only if all parties concerned are setup to use SSL, (which pretty much gets ruined if NAT is involved somewhere), so it shouldn't be the first choice.

rsync might take longer the first time, but will only write updates afterwards.
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by:wesly_chen
ID: 36577508
> FTP is not secure by default,
It depends on how do you use it.
Encrypt the file with "gpg" before transfer will improve the security.
In the internet, there is no such thing that is fully secure.
If the transfer speed is the highest priority, then use FTP with pre-encryption.
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Expert Comment

by:noci
ID: 36577772
FTP doesn't secure the password transfer, or if it does it might not be able to cross a NAT.
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by:wesly_chen
ID: 36577784
> FTP doesn't secure the password transfer
agree. :->
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by:jlevie
ID: 36577793
FTP of compressed data is the most efficient transfer protocol for this. But, since the username and password are transmitted in the clear in an FTP transaction the security implications may preclude that. The next best method would be SFTP. Since you can control all (or any) of the eintermediate hops in this transfer there is nothing to be gained bt tuning the TCP stacks on either end.
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by:noci
ID: 36578883
rsync can do ssh encrypted transfers,  it also compresses all data on the fly, based on continually computed checksums over chunks of data if can notice that some data has been modified (sender->receiver only, independent if you are pushing or pulling).
In that case it will send only the modified data.

Because of this incremental property rsync can always continue where it left off if you need to disconenct/reconnect.
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Expert Comment

by:harbor235
ID: 36580906


Default IP stack parameters especially for large data file transfers are not optimal. In that case you may wnat to look at tunning your tcp and udp send and receive spaces.

Also, an IP statck can be tuned for predictable latency as well to maximize throughput.

harbor235 ;}
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