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Site-Site VPN Phase-1 Messages

Hi,

We have Site-Site Tunnel between two peers , when i check the Phase-1 Tunnel status some time s it is showing as follows ;

1 ) SEZ-ODC5-Firewall# sh crypto isakmp sa

   Active SA: 1
    Rekey SA: 0 (A tunnel will report 1 Active and 1 Rekey SA during rekey)
Total IKE SA: 1

1   IKE Peer: 209.252.176.194
    Type    : L2L             Role    : responder
    Rekey   : no              State   : AM_ACTIVE


                                               or

2 ) SEZ-ODC5-Firewall# sh crypto isakmp sa

   Active SA: 1
    Rekey SA: 1 (A tunnel will report 1 Active and 1 Rekey SA during rekey)
Total IKE SA: 2

1   IKE Peer: 209.252.176.194
    Type    : L2L             Role    : responder
    Rekey   : yes             State   : AM_ACTIVE_REKEY
2   IKE Peer: 209.252.176.194
    Type    : L2L             Role    : responder
    Rekey   : no              State   : AM_REKEY_DONE_H2

a) From the above tunnel status whaich tunnel status which one is standard is Status 1 or Status 2.

b) AM_ACTIVE_REKEY,waht does it means

c) AM_REKEY_DONE_H2 what does it means

d) what is responder and initiatior roles , which should be the  ideal/ standard one for tunnel up.

Regards
Ramu
1
RAMU CH
Asked:
RAMU CH
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4 Solutions
 
Ernie BeekExpertCommented:
To answer all in one, normally this could mean that the lifetimes for the tunnel on both sides aren't the same.
After the lifetime expires a rekey is done (a new encryption key is generated). So normally when the lifetimes are the same (as it should be), both sides expire at the same moment, initiate the rekey and carry on. In this case one side is already expiered an initiates a rekey while the other side hasn't expired yet.
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fgasimzadeCommented:
Just to add:

Initiator is ASA which initiates VPN. VPN is initiated when there is interesting traffic going through local ASA to remote location, so if traffic is going from your ASA to remote location, your ASA is initiator, remote location is responder. If traffic comes from remote to you, remote ASA is initiator, your ASA is responder. When there is no traffic between peers, VPN is down
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RAMU CHAuthor Commented:
Hi,

You Mean that a Site-Site VPN Firewall Roles varies by time by time because while Negotiating the Parameters one firewall sends the  other Firewall  Receives and Viceversa.

But my Firewall always showing as responder Role. What does it mean.

Regards
Ramu
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fgasimzadeCommented:
Nothing serious, believe me :) Probably remote side sends traffic more frequently than you or, in other words, remote side initiates the use of services on your side, your side just responds to them  
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Ernie BeekExpertCommented:
Can't add anything to that:)
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RAMU CHAuthor Commented:
Hi Erniebeek,

I didnt get you..
Pls clarify me

Regards
ramu
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Ernie BeekExpertCommented:
:)

I just meant that I agreed with the additional explanation from my fellow expert fgasimzade.
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Ernie BeekExpertCommented:
Or were you pointing at my first post here?
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RAMU CHAuthor Commented:
Thanks
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