How to config apache virtual host with automatic load of index.php

Posted on 2011-09-22
Last Modified: 2013-11-05
I have created a virtual host ( that points to my machine (I have added to /etc/hosts).
How can I configure it so that it points to index.php ?
Now I have to write
If I write I get a simpe 'It Works!'

Thank you.
Question by:skiabox
Welcome to Experts Exchange

Add your voice to the tech community where 5M+ people just like you are talking about what matters.

  • Help others & share knowledge
  • Earn cash & points
  • Learn & ask questions
  • 5
  • 4

Author Comment

ID: 36581618
My operating system is Mac Os Lion.
LVL 21

Expert Comment

ID: 36581671
I have added to /etc/hosts
Nothing except localhost and/or localhost.localdomain should be in your hosts file for
How can I configure it so that it points to index.php ?
You need to add index.php to the DirectoryIndex.  This can be done in the main httpd.conf, in the virtualhost config block, per directory, or in .htaccess.

DirectoryIndex index.php

Open in new window


Author Comment

ID: 36582512
I have the following code in my httpd.conf file :

# DirectoryIndex: sets the file that Apache will serve if a directory
# is requested.
<IfModule dir_module>
    DirectoryIndex index.html

Open in new window

Should I change this code?
Independent Software Vendors: We Want Your Opinion

We value your feedback.

Take our survey and automatically be enter to win anyone of the following:
Yeti Cooler, Amazon eGift Card, and Movie eGift Card!

LVL 21

Expert Comment

ID: 36582555
That will change it globally for all virtual servers.  Unless you have a specific need NOT to let particular vhosts have that for their DirectoryIndex, do the global change so that you don't have to create a separate DirectoryIndex for each vhost.
LVL 21

Expert Comment

ID: 36582571
*correction -- that will change DirectoryIndex for all of your hosts, not just virtual.  Just wanted to make that clear.

Author Comment

ID: 36582593
But that code is not working.
Probably the ifmodule never execute.
LVL 21

Expert Comment

ID: 36582632
That is definitely possible, but I would be surprised if that were the case.

Let's see if apache is loading that module:
[root@broken ~]# grep mod_dir /etc/httpd/conf/httpd.conf
LoadModule dir_module modules/

Open in new window

If it's commented out, uncomment and restart apache.

Author Comment

ID: 36582724
LoadModule dir_module libexec/apache2/

exists and it is uncommented.

I wonder about that libexec directory.
The proper directory (at least in my system) is /etc/apache2
LVL 21

Accepted Solution

Papertrip earned 500 total points
ID: 36583021
That is probably the ServerRoot, so you are on the right track.  Go into your ServerRoot and do an ls, you should see a symlink to the actual modules directory.

On a related note, if that module did not exist but was defined in httpd.conf, you would see errors for it in your error_log.  You can either remove the IfModule directive and leave just the DirectoryIndex, or you can try pointing IfModule to instead of dir_module.

[root@broken ~]# grep '^ServerRoot' /etc/httpd/conf/httpd.conf
ServerRoot "/etc/httpd"
[root@broken ~]# cd /etc/httpd
[root@broken httpd]# ls -l
total 16
drwxr-xr-x.  4 root root 4096 Sep 18 02:45 ./
drwxr-xr-x. 67 root root 4096 Sep 22 03:27 ../
drwxr-xr-x.  2 root root 4096 Sep 18 02:45 conf/
drwxr-xr-x.  2 root root 4096 Sep 20 02:13 conf.d/
lrwxrwxrwx.  1 root root   19 Sep 18 02:45 logs -> ../../var/log/httpd/
lrwxrwxrwx.  1 root root   29 Sep 18 02:45 modules -> ../../usr/lib64/httpd/modules/
lrwxrwxrwx.  1 root root   19 Sep 18 02:45 run -> ../../var/run/httpd/
[root@broken httpd]# ls -l modules/
-rwxr-xr-x. 1 root root 10416 Jul  7 03:31 modules/*

Open in new window

You may also have an AllowOverride directive set someplace -- look for that in your conf files and .htaccess if you are using one.

Featured Post

Create the perfect environment for any meeting

You might have a modern environment with all sorts of high-tech equipment, but what makes it worthwhile is how you seamlessly bring together the presentation with audio, video and lighting. The ATEN Control System provides integrated control and system automation.

Question has a verified solution.

If you are experiencing a similar issue, please ask a related question

Suggested Solutions

As Wikipedia explains 'robots.txt' as -- the robot exclusion standard, also known as the Robots Exclusion Protocol or robots.txt protocol, is a convention to prevent cooperating web spiders and other web robots from accessing all or part of a websit…
If you've heard about htaccess and it sounds like it does what you want, but you're not sure how it works... well, you're in the right place. Read on. Some Basics #1. It's a file and its filename is .htaccess (yes, with a dot in the front). #…
Nobody understands Phishing better than an anti-spam company. That’s why we are providing Phishing Awareness Training to our customers. According to a report by Verizon, only 3% of targeted users report malicious emails to management. With compan…

740 members asked questions and received personalized solutions in the past 7 days.

Join the community of 500,000 technology professionals and ask your questions.

Join & Ask a Question