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concatenating two columns data excel

Hi,
I have an Excel sheet, in that I have a column header and it has merged of 3 columns, we can consider those 3 columns as sub-headers for the main column header. Now I want to make these 3 columns into one column without loosing their values. If there is no data/values in the beside column thats not a problem at all, but if there is any data/value in beside column I want to concatenate them with a small dash symbol. How can i do this? Please help me.
Thanks in advance.
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CPSRI
Asked:
CPSRI
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1 Solution
 
Brian BIndependant Technology ProfessionalCommented:
To concatenate two pieces of text, you use the & operator.

So, =A1&B1 would display the contents of those cells together.

If you wanted to concatenate the contents of two cells with a - between them, it would look like this:

=A1&" - "&B1

Does that sound like what you are looking for?
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CPSRIAuthor Commented:
No, its not what i am looking for, i want to make them one and delete those 3 columns, and it should check whether its empty, if it has some contents then it should add a '-' symbol, if there is no content it should leave blank.
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Glenn RayExcel VBA DeveloperCommented:
To concatenate values in three columns - say columns A, B, and C,
AND display that in column D,
AND include a hyphen only when there are values in adjacent columns,

then you would insert the following formula in the first applicable row (for example, row 2)
=IF(A2<>"",A2&IF(B2<>"","-",""),"")&IF(B2<>"",B2&IF(C2<>"","-","")&C2,IF(C2<>"",IF(A2<>"","-","")&C2,""))

This will prevent a hyphen from being inserted as a delimiter if any cell has no value.  This works for all eight possible combinations of blanks/values in three columns.  (I'm sure there's a more elegant solution, but this works.)
===============================================
To complete the action as you described in your second comment, copy all the cells containing the formula (column D in this example), paste special: values, then delete the first three columns.

-Glenn
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CPSRIAuthor Commented:
wow.it worked out for me, thank you so much, and one more thing i need. what if i have to concatenate 2 or 4 columns?
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Glenn RayExcel VBA DeveloperCommented:
For two columns (assuming A & B):
=IF(A2<>"",A2&IF(B2<>"","-",""),"")&IF(B2<>"",B2,"")

For four columns (assuming A,B,C,D), deep breath now:

=IF(A17<>"",A17&IF(B17<>"","-",""),"")&IF(B17<>"",B17&IF(C17<>"","-","")&C17,IF(C17<>"",IF(A17<>"","-","")&C17,""))&IF(D17<>"",IF(OR(A17<>"",B17<>"",C17<>""),"-"&D17,D17),"")

-Glenn
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Brian BIndependant Technology ProfessionalCommented:
Sorry I misunderstood. You said you wanted to delete the columns. A formula can't delete columns. That would require a macro. Hopefully using the ampersand operator helped contribute to the solution.
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CPSRIAuthor Commented:
thank you
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