Changing a Table's data type in code.

Posted on 2011-09-25
Last Modified: 2012-05-12
After I Imported a file from Excel, all the number fields are float.
I know I can change the Mappings when I import, but I don't know if that is going to corrupt the data or not.

Can I update the Table's field types in a stored procedure?
I want to change a few to money and int.
Also some of the fields are like : 54.232312121
How can I make them 2 decimal places like : 54.23 ?  thanks

Question by:MikeMCSD
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LVL 92

Expert Comment

by:Patrick Matthews
ID: 36595686

If you are concerned that some of your Excel data will be "messy" (e.g., what's supposed to be a numeric field may contain text every so often), then the safest thing to do would be to load to a staging table first in which ALL of the columns use varchar or nvarchar.  You can then run some validation procedures against the staging data before transferring the data into your permanent tables.

LVL 16

Author Comment

ID: 36595753
>> safest thing to do would be to load to a staging table first  . .
Using the Import Wizard or something else? Isn't that what I'm doing now?

All the numeric  fields are ok after the import, they are just floats.
I need to update other fields (that have money and int data types) in another Table
from this Imported table that has the floats.
And also, this is going to be a weekly thing I have to run.

LVL 92

Expert Comment

by:Patrick Matthews
ID: 36595758
If you have no concerns about whether your data need to be validated, then simply fix your import process to use the specific data types that you want, rather than letting them default to float.
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LVL 16

Author Comment

ID: 36595842
Yeah I guess . . . . but this Import Wizard seems to have a mind of its own sometimes.
I did try that and it did work, but the money fields still displayed 45.15151215115.
Is there a way to fix that with an Update statement?

LVL 92

Expert Comment

by:Patrick Matthews
ID: 36595849
Better check that again.  Since the money data type's maximum decimal precision is four places, I doubt that you are actually using that data type if your value is showing as 45.15151215115

LVL 16

Author Comment

ID: 36595865
Yes, not like that, but like this : 1.5875
How do I get it to 2 places, rounded up?
LVL 92

Accepted Solution

Patrick Matthews earned 500 total points
ID: 36596038
To always round up:

UPDATE SomeTable
SET SomeColumn = ROUND(SomeColumn + 0.0049, 2)

That will still store 4 decimal places, but the final two will be zeroes.
LVL 16

Author Closing Comment

ID: 36597087

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