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Java SimpleDateFormat parse method returns incorrect date

Posted on 2011-09-29
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Last Modified: 2012-05-12
I am using SimpleDateFormat to return the date equivalent of a string for example the date format MM/dd/yyyy and the constructed string '09/31/2011' when passed to the parse method gives me back a date object equivalent to 10/01/2011 which is incorrect - any ideas why this happens ?
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Question by:abuyusuf35
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for_yan earned 1000 total points
ID: 36817356
There cannot be 09/31/2011 as there are only 30 days in september
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by:for_yan
ID: 36817360
So it treas it as the next day which is 10.01/2011
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by:for_yan
ID: 36817616


well it deos it with all un-realistic dates; I'd think it should throw an exception, but it does not:

I just checked (look how it makes mar 7th form feb 35th):
        SimpleDateFormat sdf3 = new SimpleDateFormat("MM/dd/yyyy");
        System.out.println("sdf3 prsed. sep 31st: " + sdf3.parse("09/31/2011",new ParsePosition(0)));


        System.out.println("sdf3 prsed, oct 31st: " + sdf3.parse("10/31/2011",new ParsePosition(0)));

           System.out.println("sdf3 prsed, jun 31st: " + sdf3.parse("06/31/2011",new ParsePosition(0)));

            System.out.println("sdf3 prsed, jul 31st: " + sdf3.parse("07/31/2011",new ParsePosition(0)));

            System.out.println("sdf3 prsed, feb 31st: " + sdf3.parse("02/31/2011",new ParsePosition(0)));

                  System.out.println("sdf3 prsed, feb 35th: " + sdf3.parse("02/35/2011",new ParsePosition(0)));

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Output:

sdf3 prsed. sep 31st: Sat Oct 01 00:00:00 PDT 2011
sdf3 prsed, oct 31st: Mon Oct 31 00:00:00 PDT 2011
sdf3 prsed, jun 31st: Fri Jul 01 00:00:00 PDT 2011
sdf3 prsed, jul 31st: Sun Jul 31 00:00:00 PDT 2011
sdf3 prsed, feb 31st: Thu Mar 03 00:00:00 PST 2011
sdf3 prsed, feb 35th: Mon Mar 07 00:00:00 PST 2011

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by:for_yan
ID: 36817652

And even more "progressive" Calendar does the same thing
        GregorianCalendar gc = new GregorianCalendar(2011, 8, 30);

         System.out.println("gereg cal . sep 30th: " + gc.getTime());

        gc = new GregorianCalendar(2011, 8, 31);

        System.out.println("gereg cal . sep 31th: " + gc.getTime());

        gc = new GregorianCalendar(2011, 1, 35);

          System.out.println("gereg cal . feb 35th: " + gc.getTime());






        SimpleDateFormat sdf3 = new SimpleDateFormat("MM/dd/yyyy");
        System.out.println("sdf3 prsed. sep 31st: " + sdf3.parse("09/31/2011",new ParsePosition(0)));


        System.out.println("sdf3 prsed, oct 31st: " + sdf3.parse("10/31/2011",new ParsePosition(0)));

           System.out.println("sdf3 prsed, jun 31st: " + sdf3.parse("06/31/2011",new ParsePosition(0)));

            System.out.println("sdf3 prsed, jul 31st: " + sdf3.parse("07/31/2011",new ParsePosition(0)));

            System.out.println("sdf3 prsed, feb 31st: " + sdf3.parse("02/31/2011",new ParsePosition(0)));

                  System.out.println("sdf3 prsed, feb 35th: " + sdf3.parse("02/35/2011",new ParsePosition(0)));

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gereg cal . sep 30th: Fri Sep 30 00:00:00 PDT 2011
gereg cal . sep 31th: Sat Oct 01 00:00:00 PDT 2011
gereg cal . feb 35th: Mon Mar 07 00:00:00 PST 2011

sdf3 prsed. sep 31st: Sat Oct 01 00:00:00 PDT 2011
sdf3 prsed, oct 31st: Mon Oct 31 00:00:00 PDT 2011
sdf3 prsed, jun 31st: Fri Jul 01 00:00:00 PDT 2011
sdf3 prsed, jul 31st: Sun Jul 31 00:00:00 PDT 2011
sdf3 prsed, feb 31st: Thu Mar 03 00:00:00 PST 2011
sdf3 prsed, feb 35th: Mon Mar 07 00:00:00 PST 2011

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Expert Comment

by:CEHJ
ID: 36817721
There's a simple solution to that:
sdf3.setLenient(false); // returns null

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by:CEHJ
ID: 36817740
And it will throw an exception if you follow that will the less verbose
sdf3.parse("09/31/2011");

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