?
Solved

How to calculate distance?

Posted on 2011-09-29
5
Medium Priority
?
241 Views
Last Modified: 2012-05-12
Hi,

I how can I calculate distance between 2 points. I have created a table with the name of towns, post codes and coordinates.

The table look like this:
Town/Site     Post Code    Longitude     Latitude
Moranbah     4740           148.04577   -22.00091

I would like to use the table to give me the distance between the 2 points in Km's.
So If I created 2 combo box's To: and From: a Message Box would appear and say the distance between i.e Moranbah and Dysart is 60.271Km.

Is this possible to do using MS Access 07?
If so where do I begin?

Many Thanks
Serina
0
Comment
Question by:SerinaStar
[X]
Welcome to Experts Exchange

Add your voice to the tech community where 5M+ people just like you are talking about what matters.

  • Help others & share knowledge
  • Earn cash & points
  • Learn & ask questions
  • 2
  • 2
5 Comments
 

Expert Comment

by:RaoAnil
ID: 36890039
a = sin²(¿lat/2) + cos(lat1).cos(lat2).sin²(¿long/2)
c = 2.atan2(va, v(1-a))
d = R.c
        where R is earth’s radius (mean radius = 6,371km);
note that angles need to be in radians to pass to trig functions!
 javaScript :
var R = 6371; // km
var dLat = (lat2-lat1).toRad();
var dLon = (lon2-lon1).toRad();
var lat1 = lat1.toRad();
var lat2 = lat2.toRad();

var a = Math.sin(dLat/2) * Math.sin(dLat/2) +
        Math.sin(dLon/2) * Math.sin(dLon/2) * Math.cos(lat1) * Math.cos(lat2);
var c = 2 * Math.atan2(Math.sqrt(a), Math.sqrt(1-a));
var d = R * c;
0
 
LVL 11

Accepted Solution

by:
datAdrenaline earned 1500 total points
ID: 36892119
This is an Office/VBA question, so the .Net code provided by RaoAnil is definatly not copy/pastable! :)

If you have MapPoint available to you, your task can utilize automation of MapPoint.  Using MapPoint from Word, Access and Excel

----

If you do not have MapPoint available to you, then something like this should do the trick.  I did not write this, as far as I know it came from here (note the version, Access 95) -- I just pasted it in a module if I ever needed it again :)

Function GreatArcDistance(Lat1 As Double, Lon1 As Double, Lat2 As Double, Lon2 As Double, Radius As Double) As Double
'
' Calculates the Great Arc (shortest) distance between 2 locations on the globe.
'
' Uses functions from Trigonometry
'
    Dim X1 As Double, Y1 As Double, Z1 As Double, X2 As Double, Y2 As Double, Z2 As Double
    Dim CosX As Double, ChordLen As Double
    
    LatLongToXYZ Lat1, Lon1, Radius, X1, Y1, Z1
    LatLongToXYZ Lat2, Lon2, Radius, X2, Y2, Z2
    
    ChordLen = Sqr((X1 - X2) * (X1 - X2) + (Y1 - Y2) * (Y1 - Y2) + (Z1 - Z2) * (Z1 - Z2))
    CosX = 1 - ChordLen * ChordLen / (2 * Radius * Radius)
    
    Debug.Print X1, Y1, Z1
    Debug.Print X2, Y2, Z2
    Debug.Print ChordLen, CosX
    
    If CosX = 1 Or CosX = -1 Then
        GreatArcDistance = 0
    Else
        GreatArcDistance = Sqr(1 - CosX * CosX) * Radius * PI() / 2
    End If
    
End Function


Sub LatLongToXYZ(Lat As Double, Lon As Double, Radius As Double, x As Double, y As Double, z As Double)
'
' Converts Latitude, Longitude, Radius to 3d-Cartesian coordinates
'
' Assumes:
'   X axis runs through 270 (-X) and 90 (+X) Latitude
'   Y axis runs North (+Y) to South (-Y)
'   Z axis runs through 0 (-Z) and 180 (+Z) Latitude
'
    y = Radius * Sin(Deg2Rad(Lat))
    x = Radius * Sin(Deg2Rad(Lon)) * Cos(Deg2Rad(Lat))
    z = -Radius * Cos(Deg2Rad(Lon)) * Cos(Deg2Rad(Lat))

End Sub

Function Deg2Rad(x As Double) As Double
' Degrees to radians
    Deg2Rad = x / 180 * PI()
End Function

Function PI() As Double
    PI = Atn(1) * 4
End Function

Open in new window


You will need to know the radius of the Earth -- unfortunately I have never used this code, so I cannot atest to its usability or accuracy -- but it looked cool, so I kept it :)
0
 
LVL 11

Assisted Solution

by:datAdrenaline
datAdrenaline earned 1500 total points
ID: 36892135
I just noticed the Debug.Print lines -- you can delete them.
0
 

Author Comment

by:SerinaStar
ID: 36901207
Wow your right it does look pretty cool. Do you have any suggestions on how to call the function.
0
 

Author Closing Comment

by:SerinaStar
ID: 36914805
Thanks it is a very interesting piece of code.....it's going to work brillantly    :)
0

Featured Post

Get your Conversational Ransomware Defense e‑book

This e-book gives you an insight into the ransomware threat and reviews the fundamentals of top-notch ransomware preparedness and recovery. To help you protect yourself and your organization. The initial infection may be inevitable, so the best protection is to be fully prepared.

Question has a verified solution.

If you are experiencing a similar issue, please ask a related question

Microsoft Access is a place to store data within tables and represent this stored data using multiple database objects such as in form of macros, forms, reports, etc. After a MS Access database is created there is need to improve the performance and…
New style of hardware planning for Microsoft Exchange server.
The view will learn how to download and install SIMTOOLS and FORMLIST into Excel, how to use SIMTOOLS to generate a Monte Carlo simulation of 30 sales calls, and how to calculate the conditional probability based on the results of the Monte Carlo …
Excel styles will make formatting consistent and let you apply and change formatting faster. In this tutorial, you'll learn how to use Excel's built-in styles, how to modify styles, and how to create your own. You'll also learn how to use your custo…

719 members asked questions and received personalized solutions in the past 7 days.

Join the community of 500,000 technology professionals and ask your questions.

Join & Ask a Question