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Security Accounts Manager cannot be initialized.

Posted on 2011-10-01
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Last Modified: 2012-05-12
I'm getting an error when I boot up my Windows 2000 server:

"security accounts manager initialization failed because of the following error: Directory Services cannot start. Error status 0xc00002e1. Please click OK to shutdown this system and reboot into directory services mode."

I rebooted the server and tried following MS KB258062.  When I did a ntdsutil files integrity, I got an output that said that there is a page error, I proceeded to perform  a ntdsutil "sem d a" go.  

the result of that command gives me: Getting records count...0 recordssemantic checker:

Any ideas on what to do after this? Unfortunately, I don't have a backup of the system state.
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Question by:akyuen
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by:Mike Kline
ID: 36897324
Do you have another domain controller?
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by:akyuen
ID: 36897382
No.  This is a stand alone unity server.
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by:Sandeshdubey
ID: 36898218
If  semantic database analysis show errror you need to fix the same by executing ntdsutil "sem d a" "go f"
If error is not found in sysmantec analysis you need to defrag the AD database:http://support.microsoft.com/kb/232122

Even after defraging the database if issue persist you need to repair the AD database.You need to first try soft repair eseutil /R "AD datbase path" and then try hard repair if it does not work  eseutil /d "AD datbase path"
http://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/library/cc961819.aspx

Note:Also exclude ntds folder from AV scan
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by:Mike Kline
ID: 36898419
I  might open a ticket up with Microsoft before the eseutil since it is your only DC.  

When you get this fixed get a second DC up if you can.  If you would have had a second DC this would have been a much easier problem to fix.

Thanks

Mike
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abhijitwaikar earned 500 total points
ID: 36901175
Agree with MIKE, Be careful before you going to perform any task as its your only DC. Aslo if you have good system state backup of domain controller then you have a restore option of Active Directory.

Active Directory Backup and Restore in Windows Server 2008-
http://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/magazine/2008.05.adbackup.aspx?pr=blog
http://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/library/cc742124(WS.10).aspx
http://support.microsoft.com/kb/944530

GUI guide of AD 2003 backup:
http://www.petri.co.il/backup-windows-server-2003-active-directory.htm

How to Restore Windows Server 2003 Active Directory
http://www.petri.co.il/restore-windows-server-2003-active-directory.htm

Regards,
Abhijit Waikar.
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