jewish by blood or choice?

historically, Jews belonged to 12 tribes (after 12 children of Abraham)..

Today, is it still by clan (blood) or immigration is also considered the same as by blood, according to Jewish religious laws.. how about their constitution?

I just need to the existing political or rabbinical law about this.
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25112Asked:
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WaterStreetConnect With a Mentor Commented:
"historically, Jews belonged to 12 tribes (after 12 children of Abraham).."

It was the 12 sons of Jacob, Abraham's grandson.


The links at the bottom of the page at the following link should answer your questions.

http://www.convert.org/
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leonstrykerConnect With a Mentor Commented:
>I just need to the existing political or rabbinical law about this.

There is no overriding authority in Judaism, unlike Catholics, therefore a definition of who is a Jew, or who is Jewish, varies depending on who you ask. In fact this is the major question facing Judaism today.

Are you looking for the definition as it is currently exist in Israel, or as it is practiced by Jews in Diaspora?
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TlingitConnect With a Mentor Commented:
You must remember that out of the 12 tribe of Isreal, 10 of them are lost, according to the Bible, which leaves two known tribes: the tribe of Judah (Jews) and I think the other known tribe is Benjamin, but since the tribe of Benjamin was one of the smaller tribes they blended in with Judah hence they are all known as Jews, even though some of them might be of the tribe of Benjamin.

There is also supposed to be a gathering of all the tribes of Isreal in the last days, meaning the 10 lost tribes are supposed to be found and gathered together.  This is supposed to be one of the signs of the times.  Some people believe the Jews going back to Isreal after WWII was the beginning of this gathering.
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25112Author Commented:
WS, what link in there?
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25112Author Commented:
>>Are you looking for the definition as it is currently exist in Israel, or as it is practiced by Jews in Diaspora?

jews in Israel and USA..both..

>>, therefore a definition of who is a Jew, or who is Jewish, varies depending on who you ask

what about the government of Israel.?
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25112Author Commented:
>>10 of them are lost, according to the Bible
OK.. if you have a reference, that will be great..

from what you are saying, everyone in Israel is considered from Judah tribe?
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WaterStreetConnect With a Mentor Commented:
Here's a thought.

In the last 2600 years, the people of the 10 lost tribes and their values have been scattered throughout the earth.  So, guess what?  You, and 7 billion others, might share the "bloodlines.". Take a good look at stranger, who might not be so strange after all.  The bible predicted the Jews would scattered throughout the earth.
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leonstrykerConnect With a Mentor Commented:
>what about the government of Israel?

From wikipedia (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Law_of_Return):

"According to the halakhic definition, a person is Jewish if his or her mother is Jewish, or if he or she converts to Judaism. Orthodox Jews do not recognize conversions performed by Reform or Conservative Judaism. However, the Law provides that any Jew regardless of affiliation may migrate to Israel and claim citizenship."

And

"The Law of Return also excludes any "person who has been a Jew and has voluntarily changed his religion."
 
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TlingitConnect With a Mentor Commented:
>>from what you are saying, everyone in Israel is considered from Judah tribe?

No, right now there are only two known tribes out of the ten, the tribe of Judah and Benjamin.  Even back in Biblical times, some 2000 years ago, the tribe of Benjamin was small so they lumped them in with Judah.  Today they consider the tribe of Benjamin and Judah essentially one and the same.

Below are Bible passages about Isreal's scattering that was prophesied by many prophets before it happened:

I will scatter you among the heathen, Lev. 26:33
The Lord shall scatter thee among all people, Deut. 28:25, 37, 64
I will deliver them to be removed to all the kingdoms of the earth, Jer. 29:18–19
I will sift the house of Israel among all nations, Amos 9:9

In 761 B.C. Jerusalem was destroyed by Assyria and ten of the twelve tribes were carried into the north county, basically all of the northern kingdom of Isreal.  This is why today you only hear about the Jews and not the other ten tribes.  The book of Issaiah and Amos both talk about their destruction.  One of the main reason for their destruction was because of they turned away from God and started whorshipping idols.  Of course there were other reasons but this was one of the main reasons.
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25112Author Commented:
you know your stuff.. real helpful..
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