Virus Killed Shortcuts on Desktop

Computer running xp service pack 2, 1 gig ram, 2 GHz Pentium.
Got nailed by a virus which hid all the folders - I fixed that but the last remaining problem is that the desktop does not show, nor can you place, shortcuts on it. If you right click on the desktop no  menu appears. Also the start menu does not show though you can access All Programs and Control Panel.
I have searched around on Experts-Exchange about this problem but so far nothing in the Knowledge Base addresses this situation.
misgciAsked:
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jbedwar1Commented:
personally when a computer gets that infected, i don't really want to try to correct all of the issues one by one.  I generally either get enough access to the drive in order to back everything up, or I hook the drive up to another computer externally and back it up ....... then i wipe the drive completely and reinstall.  It's not worth the headache doing it any other way.  Seems to save me a Ton of time and i dont have to worry about leaving anything behind.
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Maen Abu-TabanjehNetwork Administrator, Network ConsultantCommented:
try clean your computer using malwarebytes anti malware
download and update and scan from here :

www.malwarebytes.org
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Rob MinersCommented:
Run Regedt32

Navigate to HKLM\Software\Microsoft\Windows NT\CurrentVersion\Winlogon
 
Check that these two values in the right pane are set exactly to these properties:

Shell    REG_SZ    explorer.exe
Userinit    REG_SZ    C:\Windows\system32\userinit.exe,

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rpggamergirlCommented:
You're sure the PC is now clean? could still be infected.

Try the unhide.exe mentioned in MASQUERAID's link.

Or check this out on how to fix rightclick contextmenu.
http://www.howtogeek.com/howto/windows-vista/enable-or-disable-right-click-context-menus-in-windows-explorer/

Or use Kelly's reg fix to enable rightclick context menu. Download and run or save and double click it and answer yes to the import prompt.
http://www.kellys-korner-xp.com/regs_edits/contextmenu.reg
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acl-puzzCommented:
If viruses are removed try this tool it can do alot of fixing with just an single click on "care" button.

http://download.cnet.com/Advanced-SystemCare-Free/3000-2086_4-10407614.html
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misgciAuthor Commented:
Thanks all. I will try the advice given here and get back to you when I have the results.
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misgciAuthor Commented:
jbedwar1:

I agree with you completely., That was the way I was going to go but what stopped me was this fellow had no OS cd (claims one didn't come with the computer. However he has the drivers cd so I am not convinced the OS didn't).
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drose10Commented:
Don't forget about TweakUI, which has an option to show all Desktop icons.
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jbedwar1Commented:
misgci:

Some manufacturers will send you out another OS cd if you contact their support and explain that you need to reinstall the OS.  Dell has done it for me in the past even for an old PC way out of warranty (by several years).  Some manufacturers require that the PC still be in warranty.  But even those companies can be convinced sometimes.
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misgciAuthor Commented:
Due to the complexity of the problem and severity of it; this solution did not result in a complete fix.

In the end to get the OS damage completely undone an OS CD had to be obtained (this gent couldn't locate his) and a clean install done.
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