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Perl coding questions

Posted on 2012-03-10
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Last Modified: 2012-03-10
Hello,

I am going through a Perl script and being not a Perl expert I come
across the following I do not understand
# an array is created and populated. That's clear
my @arg = ('one', 'two', 'three');

# however this is not so clear
# As I understand this
# $cfg is a pointer to a hash of a hash of a hash of a hash
# but what does \@args means ?
$cfg->{rrdargs}{$log}{$png}{args} = \@args;

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And then the next question I have,
supposse I have another array
my @arg2 = ('four','five');

How can I add/push @arg2 onto
that existing without losing the stuff
that already there?

$cfg->{rrdargs}{$log}{$png}{args}

-------------------------------

Next another strange thing
How do I have to read these lines?
How does this work?
my %myrules = (
	'14all*errorpic' => [sub{$_[0] && (-r $_[0] )}, sub{"Not found/readable"}],
	'14all*grapherrorstobrowser' => [sub{1}, sub{"Internal Error"}]
    );

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Question by:Marc_Engrie
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8 Comments
 
LVL 85

Expert Comment

by:ozo
ID: 37704785
push @{$cfg->{rrdargs}{$log}{$png}{args}}, @arg2;  #this also adds to @args
0
 
LVL 85

Expert Comment

by:ozo
ID: 37704819
\@args is a reference to @args
see
perldoc perlref
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Author Comment

by:Marc_Engrie
ID: 37705084
Thx for far for the info.
Found the info in perldoc perlref. That's clear.

the push @{$cfg->{rrdargs}{$log}{$png}{args}}, @arg2;  I'll try later this week.

What about
my %myrules = (
	'14all*errorpic' => [sub{$_[0] && (-r $_[0] )}, sub{"Not found/readable"}],
	'14all*grapherrorstobrowser' => [sub{1}, sub{"Internal Error"}]
    );

Open in new window


How do I have to read these lines?
How does this work?
0
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LVL 85

Expert Comment

by:ozo
ID: 37705311
it is a hash of arrays of anonymous  subs
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Author Comment

by:Marc_Engrie
ID: 37706194
Hoi ozo,

That I got but how are these sub called?

and do they return something I doe not see any in  sub{$_[0] && (-r $_[0] )}  or   sub {1}?
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LVL 85

Accepted Solution

by:
ozo earned 1000 total points
ID: 37706214
perldoc perlsub
...
       If no "return" is found and if the last statement is an expression, its
       value is returned. If the last statement is a loop control structure
       like a "foreach" or a "while", the returned value is unspecified. The
       empty sub returns the empty list.
0
 

Author Comment

by:Marc_Engrie
ID: 37706257
Thx a lot!!

I understand it all now
0
 
LVL 85

Expert Comment

by:ozo
ID: 37706260
# calls might look, for example, like:
print $myrules{'14all*errorpic'}[1]() unless $myrules{'14all*errorpic'}[0]("filename");
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